Sabah I bin Jaber

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Sabah I bin Jaber
Reign 1700 to 1762 (62 years)
Predecessor None
Successor Abdullah I Al-Sabah
Father Jaber Al-Sabah
Born 1652
Died 1764 (disputed)

His Highness Sheikh Abu Abdullah Sabah I bin Jaber Al Sabah (Arabic: أبو سلمان صباح الأول‎) (c. 1700 – 1762)[1][2] was the first Ruler of Kuwait's ruling al-Sabah dynasty. The official Kuwaiti history states that he was unanimously chosen for the position of sheikh.[3][4]

Reign of Sabah bin Jaber[edit]

The newly settled family quickly sent its leader, Sabah bin Jaber, to the Ottoman governor of Iraq in order to declare his allegiance to the Ottoman Sultan, who was also the Caliph of all Muslims. He did this in order to gain a legitimate status. Thus Kuwait became a virtually independent city with Sabah bin Jaber as its first ruler, in spite of it nominally being under Ottoman control.[1] Upon his death Sabah I was succeeded by his youngest son, Abdullah bin Sabah.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Casey, Michael S. (2000). The History of Kuwait. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 28, 144. ISBN 0313340730. 
  2. ^ Some sources have Sabah I living to the age of at least 100, with a year of birth of c. 1652 and a year of death between 1758 and 1764
  3. ^ Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman, and Central Arabia, Geographical, Volume 1, Historical Part 1, John Gordon Lorimer,1905, p1000
  4. ^ The Royal Ark
Sabah I bin Jaber
Born: c. 1700 Died: 1762
Regnal titles
New title
Creation of Kuwait
Sheikh of Kuwait
Succeeded by
Abdullah I Al-Sabah