Sabellaria

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Sabellaria
Sabellaria alveolata reef.jpg
Tubes of Sabellaria alveolata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Subclass: Palpata
Order: Canalipalpata
Suborder: Sabellida
Family: Sabellariidae
Genus: Sabellaria
Savigny, 1853 [1]
Species
See text.

Sabellaria is a genus of marine polychaete worms in the family Sabellariidae. The type species is Sabellaria alveolata (Linnaeus, 1767). These worms are sedentary and build tubes in which to live from sand and shell fragments. Some species are called honeycomb worms and when they occur in great numbers they can form reefs on rocks and other hard substrates. They are filter feeders, extending a plume-like fan of radioles from the end of the tube in order to catch plankton and detritus floating past. They have a distinctive operculum which is used to block the opening of the tube when the radioles are retracted.[2]

Species[edit]

The following species are listed by the World Register of Marine Species:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sabellaria Savigny, 1818 World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. ^ Littoral Sabellaria honeycomb worm reefs JNCC. Retrieved 2011-11-02.