||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2010)|
|Sabine Bergmann-Pohl in 1990|
|President of the Volkskammer
as such Head of State
5 April 1990 – 2 October 1990
|Preceded by||Günther Maleuda|
|Succeeded by||Office Abolished|
|Prime Minister||Lothar de Maizière|
20 April 1946 |
|Political party||Christian Democratic Union|
|Alma mater||Humboldt University|
Sabine Bergmann-Pohl née Schulz (born 20 April 1946 in Eisenach, Thuringia) is a German politician. A member of the Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU), she was president of the People's Chamber of the German Democratic Republic from April to October 1990 and as such the last head of state. After the reunification of Germany, she served in the government of Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
Early life and education 
Sabine Bergmann-Pohl was born in Eisenach. After leaving school in 1964, Bergmann-Pohl was initially not admitted to university and entered a two-year internship at the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the Humboldt University in Berlin. In 1966, she began to study medicine and graduated in 1972 with a diploma in medicine. From 1979, she worked as a lung specialist and in 1980 earned a medical doctorate.
From 1980 to 1985, she was medical director of the polyclinic department for lung diseases, and tuberculosis in Berlin-Friedrichshain. From 1985 to 1990, she was Medical Director at the District Office for lung diseases and tuberculosis in East Berlin.
Since 1990 Sabine Bergmann-Pohl has been the Patron of the General Disabled Persons in Germany (ABID eV) and since 2003 President of the Berlin Red Cross. Also since 2003 she has been a member of the Presidium of the International Federation and has been a vice president since 2007.
Political career 
In the general election of March 1990, the only free elections of East Germany, she was elected to the People's Chamber, which on 5 April elected her its President. As parliament also abolished the State Council, she served as provisional head of state until the GDR joined the Federal Republic of Germany.
After German reunification on 3 October 1990, she became a member of the Bundestag and, as other leading members of the last GDR government, was also appointed to the Federal Minister for Special Affairs in Chancellor Helmut Kohl's cabinet. After the 1990 election, she was appointed Parliamentary Secretary in the Federal Minister for Health on 18 January 1991. Following her party's defeat in the 1998 election, she departed from the government on 26 October 1998 but remained in the Bundestag until 2002.
Private life 
- Parliamentary mandates
- Member of the People's Chamber of the GDR (1990)
- President of the People's Chamber (1990)
- Member of the German Bundestag (1990–2002)
- Government Offices
- Federal Minister for Special Affairs (1990–1991)
- Parliamentary State Secretary in the Ministry of Health (1991–1998)
- Frequency of a history and clinical findings of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in childhood, their relationship to lung function and determination of reference values for the ventilation and distribution parameters on Pneumotestgerät. Results of a school investigation. Dissertation Academy for Medical Training of East Berlin, 1981, Berlin-Karow, 1976.
- Farewell without tears. Looking back at the year of the Unification. Recorded by Dietrich von Thadden. Ullstein, Berlin - Frankfurt/Main, 1991 ISBN 3-550-07802-1
- Sabine Bergmann-Pohl & Paul B. Wink (ed.): Panel Discussion 1953-1989: Germany on the way to unity and freedom on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the uprising in East Germany on 17 June 2003 at the Academy of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation in Berlin, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Berlin 2004 ISBN 3-937731-00-8
- Sabine Bergmann-Pohl & Wilhelm Staudacher (ed.): "The cry for freedom." The Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Berlin 2007 ISBN 978-3-939826-46-0
|President of the People's Chamber
5 April - 2 October 1990