Sabine County, Texas

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"Sabine County" redirects here. For the administrative area in Louisiana, see Sabine Parish, Louisiana.
Sabine County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Sabine County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Sabine River
Seat Hemphill
Largest city Hemphill
Area
 • Total 577 sq mi (1,494 km2)
 • Land 491 sq mi (1,272 km2)
 • Water 85 sq mi (220 km2), 14.8%
Population
 • (2010) 10,834
 • Density 21/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.sabine.tx.us

Sabine County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,834.[1] Its county seat is Hemphill.[2] The county was organized on December 14, 1837, and named for the Sabine River, which forms its eastern border.

Sabine County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Wayne Christian, a financial analyst from Center in Shelby County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 577 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 491 square miles (1,270 km2) is land and 85 square miles (220 km2) (14.8%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

National Protected Areas[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Sabine County in Texas and Sabine Parish in Louisiana are two of twenty-two counties or parishes in the United States with the same name to border each other across state lines. The others are Big Horn County, Montana and Big Horn County, Wyoming, Union County, Arkansas and Union Parish, Louisiana, Bristol County, Massachusetts and Bristol County, Rhode Island, Kent County, Maryland and Kent County, Delaware, Escambia County, Alabama and Escambia County, Florida, Pike County, Illinois and Pike County, Missouri, Teton County, Idaho and Teton County, Wyoming, Park County, Montana and Park County, Wyoming, San Juan County, New Mexico and San Juan County, Utah, and Vermilion County, Illinois and Vermillion County, Indiana. respectively. (Note, despite the different spellings, the source of the name is the same for Vermilion County, Illinois and Vermillion County, Indiana—the Vermillion River which flows through both counties.)

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,498
1860 2,750 10.1%
1870 3,256 18.4%
1880 4,161 27.8%
1890 4,969 19.4%
1900 6,394 28.7%
1910 8,582 34.2%
1920 12,299 43.3%
1930 11,998 −2.4%
1940 10,896 −9.2%
1950 8,568 −21.4%
1960 7,302 −14.8%
1970 7,187 −1.6%
1980 8,702 21.1%
1990 9,586 10.2%
2000 10,469 9.2%
2010 10,834 3.5%
Est. 2012 10,433 −3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1850-2010[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 10,469 people, 4,485 households, and 3,157 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 7,659 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.85% White, 9.92% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 1.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,485 households out of which 23.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 5.60% from 18 to 24, 21.10% from 25 to 44, 27.20% from 45 to 64, and 24.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,198, and the median income for a family was $32,554. Males had a median income of $28,695 versus $21,141 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,821. About 11.80% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.90% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The following school districts serve Sabine County:

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated areas[edit]

Historical communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 24, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 24, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°20′N 93°51′W / 31.34°N 93.85°W / 31.34; -93.85