Sabinus of Canosa
- for other people called Sabinus, see Sabinus (disambiguation)
He was sent twice as a papal envoy to Constantinople, in 525, by Pope John I and in 536 to accompany Pope Agapitus I, who lost his life on the journey, to defend the true faith against the Monophysite heresy.
In 531, in the papacy of Pope Boniface II, he took part in the Synod of Rome. He was a builder of churches and other religious buildings, according to the Benedictine discipline of Ora et labora ("Work and pray").
He died after 52 years as bishop, on 9 February 566.
Sabinus was a friend of Saint Benedict, whom he visited at Montecassino and to whom, as recorded by Gregory the Great, he once expressed his preoccupations on the incursions of the Ostrogoth King Totila into the Italian peninsula. According to the hagiographic legend, he succeeded in saving Canosa di Puglia from the threat of the latter. There is a story that in 548 Totila wanted to test the prophetic gifts of Sabinus, who was by then old and blind. The king, pretending to be a servant, offered him a goblet of wine, but Sabinus was not deceived and thanked him by name, which impressed Totila so much that he renounced his pillaging.
Another legend of Sabinus relates that a jealous archdeacon tried to poison him. Sabinus drank the poison but did not die; but the archdeacon did. For this reason he appeared in the liturgy as a protector against poisons.
His relics were translated to the present Canosa Cathedral on 1 August in an unknown year of the 8th century by bishop Pietro. After the destruction of the town by the Saracens, the relics were rescued from the ruins by Saint Angelarius in 844 and taken to Bari Cathedral.
- Canosa di Puglia, 9 February: death of Saint Sabinus
- Torremaggiore, the first Saturday, Sunday, Monday and Tuesday in June: Festa Patronale
- Canosa di Puglia, 31 July to 2 August: Festa Patronale
- Gerardo A. Chiancone - La Cattedrale e il Mausoleo di Boemondo a Canosa (tip. D. Guglielmi, Andria, 1983; pag. 54)
- Attilio Paulicelli - San Sabino nella storia di Canosa (tip. San Paolo, Bari, 1967)
- La tradizione barese di s. Sabino di Canosa. A cura di Salvatore Palese. Bari, Edipuglia, 2001. Contiene i seguenti studi:
- Ada Campione, Sabino di Canosa tra storia e leggenda, p. 23-46
- Pasquale Corsi, Canosa e Bari nelle modificazioni ecclesiastiche dei Bizantini, p. 47-56
- Gioia Bertelli, Le reliquie di s. Sabino da Canosa a Bari: tra tradizione e archeologia, p. 57-78
- Gerardo Cioffari o. p., Le origini del culto di s. Sabino a Bari, p. 79-98
- Nicola Bux, La liturgia barese di s. Sabino, p. 99-106
- Anna Maria Tripputi, La devozione barese a s. Sabino in età moderna e contemporanea, p. 107-114
- Francesco Quarto - Un isolato omaggio tra devozione ed erudizione. La vita di S. Sabino del canonico Giuseppe Di Cagno, p. 115-170.
- La Historia di S. Sabino di Antonio Beatillo (1629). A cura di Francesco Quarto. In Nicolaus Studi Storici, XVII, 2006, p. 97-160.
- Santi E Beati: San Sabino di Canosa (Italian)