Sabula, Iowa

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Sabula, Iowa
City
Sabula City Hall, July 2014.
Sabula City Hall, July 2014.
Location of Sabula, Iowa
Location of Sabula, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°4′4″N 90°10′27″W / 42.06778°N 90.17417°W / 42.06778; -90.17417Coordinates: 42°4′4″N 90°10′27″W / 42.06778°N 90.17417°W / 42.06778; -90.17417
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Jackson
Area[1]
 • Total 1.26 sq mi (3.26 km2)
 • Land 0.40 sq mi (1.04 km2)
 • Water 0.86 sq mi (2.23 km2)
Elevation 591 ft (180 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 576
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 568
 • Density 1,440.0/sq mi (556.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52070
Area code(s) 563
FIPS code 19-69510
GNIS feature ID 0460877

Sabula is a city in Jackson County, Iowa, United States. The population was 576 at the 2010 census. Sabula is the site of Iowa's only island city. The island has a beach and a campground. It also has a harbor with boat docks and storage sheds to store some boats during the winter. Because of its proximity to Chicago (three-hour drive), Sabula has become a popular vacationing destination during the summer months.

Sabula has two churches, one Lutheran, one Methodist.

History[edit]

Sabula was established in 1835 when, according to legend, Isaac Dorman crossed the river from the Illinois side on a log and decided to settle on the present site of Sabula.[4] Sabula is a name of Native American origin meaning "sand"; this refers to the sandy soil of the area.[5]

In the late 19th century the principal industries in the community included a large "pearl button" factory—which produced buttons from clam shells harvested from large clam beds located in the river adjacent to the shoreline. (The factory is no longer there.) The thriving community also supported a large hog slaughtering industry.

The community did not actually become an island until the lock and dam system was constructed by the Army Corps of Engineers on the upper Mississippi in the 1930s. The construction of Lock and Dam #13 between Clinton, Iowa and Fulton, Illinois in 1939 left the lowlands west of the townsite permanently flooded, creating the "Island City," as the town is now known.[6]

Geography[edit]

Savanna-Sabula Bridge a Mississippi River bridge between Sabula, Iowa and Savanna, Illinois

Sabula is located at 42°4′4″N 90°10′27″W / 42.06778°N 90.17417°W / 42.06778; -90.17417 (42.067866, -90.174270).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.26 square miles (3.26 km2), of which, 0.40 square miles (1.04 km2) is land and 0.86 square miles (2.23 km2) is water.[1]

Sabula is connected to Iowa with a roadway that runs between two lakes and with Savanna, Illinois, with another roadway that leads to a bridge that crosses the Mississippi River.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1860 406 —    
1870 920 +126.6%
1880 1,223 +32.9%
1890 918 −24.9%
1900 1,029 +12.1%
1910 918 −10.8%
1920 865 −5.8%
1930 759 −12.3%
1940 771 +1.6%
1950 888 +15.2%
1960 894 +0.7%
1970 845 −5.5%
1980 824 −2.5%
1990 710 −13.8%
2000 670 −5.6%
2010 576 −14.0%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 576 people, 270 households, and 157 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,440.0 inhabitants per square mile (556.0 /km2). There were 321 housing units at an average density of 802.5 per square mile (309.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.1% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 270 households of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.9% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.81.

The median age in the city was 45 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.6% were from 25 to 44; 29.6% were from 45 to 64; and 20.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 670 people, 308 households, and 182 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,709.3 people per square mile (663.3/km²). There were 337 housing units at an average density of 859.8/sq mi (333.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population.

There were 308 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 22.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,192, and the median income for a family was $39,688. Males had a median income of $29,000 versus $20,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,901. About 11.5% of families and 14.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.3% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Sabula has a post office and a community center. Fire protection is provided by the Sabula Volunteer Fire Department. The Sabula Fire Department protects everything within city limits as well as accident response in the ambulance district. Quartered with the Fire Department is an Ambulance service also made up of volunteers which provides ambulances to the city and outlying areas. Prior to the Sabula Ambulance (Originally called the "Emergency Unit") the local funeral home provided a for profit ambulance. In 1974 the Fire Chief created the Emergency Unit and brought the first trained EMTs to the city drawn from firemen. Sabula has a public works department that plows the roads in winter and provides other services. Police protection is provided by the Sabula Police and Jackson County Sheriffs Office.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ History of Jackson County, Iowa, Volume 1. S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. 1910. p. 522. 
  5. ^ Owen's Gazetteer and Directory of Jackson County, Iowa. Walsworth. 1878. p. 69. 
  6. ^ "Area History (archived)". Island City Harbor. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.