Sac City, Iowa

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Sac City, Iowa
City
Sac city iowa.jpg
Location of Sac City, Iowa
Location of Sac City, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°25′16″N 94°59′42″W / 42.42111°N 94.99500°W / 42.42111; -94.99500Coordinates: 42°25′16″N 94°59′42″W / 42.42111°N 94.99500°W / 42.42111; -94.99500
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Sac
Area[1]
 • Total 4.93 sq mi (12.77 km2)
 • Land 4.86 sq mi (12.59 km2)
 • Water 0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)
Elevation 1,217 ft (371 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,220
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,179
 • Density 456.8/sq mi (176.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50583
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-69645
GNIS feature ID 0460882

Sac City is a city in and the county seat of Sac County, Iowa, United States,[4] located in the rolling hills along the valley of the North Raccoon River, in one of America's prime agricultural regions. The city is one of 45 designated Main Street Iowa communities through the Main Street Iowa development program.[5] The population was 2,220 in the 2010 census, a decline from the 2,368 population in the 2000 census.[6][7]

History[edit]

Sac City was first platted in 1855 by Joshua Keith Powell of Fort Dodge, Iowa. The town was so named because the Sac and Fox Indians (sometimes known as the Sauk and Fox - the French name "Sac" and the English equivalent "Sauk" are both correct and interchangeable. Both words were derived from the Indian word "Asakiwaki", meaning "yellow earth people")[8] were in possession of the land at the time of the Louisiana Purchase. The City of Sac City was incorporated nineteen years later, in 1874.

Judge Eugene Criss, credited with being the father of Sac City, left Wisconsin and crossed the Mississippi River in the early months of 1855 by covered wagon. He was in search of waterpower and had the desire to establish a settlement in a new and untried country. Deciding upon the North Raccoon River to begin his settlement, Judge Criss proceeded to erect the first log cabin in Sac City, establish himself in the hotel business, as well as keep a stage station and general store for nearby settlers.

As early as 1859, there was talk of building a railroad through Sac County, but the first railroad did not come through Sac City until 1879. The railroad companies refused to lay tracks through undeveloped or mildly developed areas, and Sac City did not meet the requirements. The railroad companies demanded communities be far enough advanced to provide a quick return to capital before they would construct a steam and iron highway through the area. When it came, the railroad benefited Sac City incredibly. The Chicago and North Western Transportation Company connected Sac City, Wall Lake, Auburn, Odebolt, Lake View, Early, and Schaller as well as the cities where crops were sold.

The first Sac County Fair was held in 1871 on 10 acres (40,000 m2) of ground east of Sac City that had been purchased by the Sac County Agricultural Society the same year. The fair was one of the biggest events of the year and brought people in wagons and buggies from miles around to see the harness races, livestock exhibits, produce, needlework, and art goods.

The Sac City Chautauqua Association was organized in December 1904 with 120 members. The Association brought many fine programs to the community, and because transportation was still slow and laborious, many families stayed in tents on the grounds for the entire Chautauqua session, about eight or nine days. At first the meetings were held in a tent, but by 1908, the citizens of Sac City built a Chautauqua Building in which to hold their meetings, and which is now the only one left of its kind in the state of Iowa.[9]

Modern-day[edit]

Now in the 21st century Sac City has celebrated its Sesquicentennial and is a family-oriented community with a wonderful mixture of old and new: a recreation center with indoor pool, an outdoor swimming pool and aquatic park, a public library, and beautiful tree-lined streets filled with turn-of-the-20th-century architecture, from grand Victorian homes to the historic Sac County courthouse.

The business district is complemented by specialty shops and restaurants. Sac City is home to a wood products manufacturer, metal fabrication plant, wholesale garden products distributor, popcorn distributor, textile firms and a variety of other businesses.

Geography[edit]

Sac City's longitude and latitude coordinates in decimal form are 42.421154, -94.995083.[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.93 square miles (12.77 km2), of which, 4.86 square miles (12.59 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

Humid continental climate is a climatic region typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. Precipitation is relatively well distributed year-round in many areas with this climate. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfa" (Hot Summer Continental Climate).[11]

Demographics[edit]

Sac City
population history
Census Pop.
1870 156
1880 595 281.4%
1890 1,249 109.9%
1900 2,079 66.5%
1910 2,201 5.9%
1920 2,630 19.5%
1930 2,854 8.5%
1940 3,165 10.9%
1950 3,170 0.2%
1960 3,354 5.8%
1970 3,268 −2.6%
1980 3,000 −8.2%
1990 2,516 −16.1%
2000 2,368 −5.9%
2010 2,220 −6.2%
Iowa Data Center [7]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,220 people, 1,018 households, and 590 families residing in the city. The population density was 456.8 inhabitants per square mile (176.4 /km2). There were 1,165 housing units at an average density of 239.7 per square mile (92.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.3% White, 0.1% African American, 0.2% Asian, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population.

There were 1,018 households of which 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.0% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.75.

The median age in the city was 48.8 years. 20.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18% were from 25 to 44; 28.8% were from 45 to 64; and 26.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.2% male and 53.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 2,368 people, 1,082 households, and 642 families residing in the city. The population density was 483.0 people per square mile (186.6/km²). There were 1,209 housing units at an average density of 246.6 per square mile (95.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.61% White, 0.34% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.34% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.93% of the population.

There were 1,082 households out of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.70.

19.1% are under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 21.6% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 29.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 84.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,300, and the median income for a family was $39,139. Males had a median income of $25,409 versus $19,137 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,229. About 7.9% of families and 13.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Library[edit]

The Sac City Public Library contains over 20,000 volumes, magazines, films, educational, videos, and computers available to the public. Patrons may make use of the children's wing, an adult wing, a periodical room, computer room, group study area, individual study area and the children's activity area. Through association with the Iowa Library Network, additional volumes contained in libraries throughout the state may be obtained.

Landmarks[edit]

Pop culture[edit]

Best Places to Live in Rural America

In February 2007, in its third annual list of the “Best Places to Live in Rural America”, Progressive Farmer magazine placed Sac County as #7 in the overall rankings.[13] In 2009, the magazine ranked Sac County as the tenth "Best Place" in the Midwest Region.[14]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Airport

The Sac City Municipal Airport (ICAO: KSKI) is located approximately 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south of the central business district. Access to the airport is provided by U.S. Highway 20, State Highway 196 and County Roads D42 and M54. The Airport is located on 136 acres (0.55 km2) owned by the City of Sac City. The established elevation is 1,250 feet (380 m) above sea level (MSL).

The Sac City Municipal Airport is a Class III Airport with a concrete main runway (18/36) 4,100 feet and 75 ft (23 m) wide with a crosswind runway of 44 ft (13 m) by 2,667 ft (813 m) The secondary runway (14/32) surface is blacktop.

Health care[edit]

Loring Hospital in Sac City, Iowa, is a 25-bed Critical Access Hospital serving the health care needs throughout Sac County and bordering Iowa counties. Loring Hospital opened its doors in September 1950, and it continues to grow today with a $10 million construction and renovation project which will allow Loring Hospital to better meet today's health care needs, and position itself for future growth.[15]

Popcorn ball[edit]

Sac City is home to a previous world's largest popcorn ball, which weighs 3,100 pounds and is housed in its own building.[16] A new popcorn ball was created in 2009, weighing 5,060 pounds.[17]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Main Street Communities". Iowa Department of Economic Development. Retrieved 2011-08-09. 
  6. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved 2011-08-09. 
  7. ^ a b "Data from the 2010 Census". State Data Center of Iowa. Retrieved 2011-08-09. 
  8. ^ "Sac and Fox Indian Fact Sheet". Native Languages of the Americas website. Retrieved 2011-08-09. 
  9. ^ [1], Accessed 2010-02-18.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Sac City, Iowa
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ "Annual 'Best Places to Live in Rural America' Rankings Released". Scripps Networks. February 7, 2007. Retrieved 2010-02-26. 
  14. ^ [2], Accessed 2010-01-26.
  15. ^ Loring Hospital, Accessed 2009-02-20.
  16. ^ Sac City, Iowa - World's Largest Popcorn Ball, Roadside America, 2008. Accessed 2008-07-28.
  17. ^ "Sac City Boasts World's Largest Popcorn Ball". WHO-TV. 2009-03-01. 

External links[edit]