Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska

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Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska
Black Hawk, portrait by George Catlin, 1832
Total population
Regions with significant populations
United States United States
(Kansas Kansas and Nebraska Nebraska)
English, Sauk, Fox
Christianity, other
Related ethnic groups
Sauk, Meskwaki, Kickapoo, and other Algonquian peoples

The Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska is one of three federally recognized Native American tribe of Sac and Meskwaki (Fox) peoples. Their name for themselves is Nemahahaki and they are an Algonquian people and Eastern Woodland culture.[1]

Government and economic development[edit]

The Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri is headquartered in Reserve, Kansas. Their tribal chairman is Michael Dougherty, and their acting environmental director is Rick Campbell.[2]

The Sac and Fox Casino, the Boat Bar, the Chop House steak restaurant, the Deli and the Lodge buffet are all owned by the tribe and located in Powhattan, Kansas.[3]


The tribe operates the Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri Tribal Museum, located in Reserve, Kansas. Founded in 1996, the museum exhibits tribal regalia and serves as a research center.[4]


Original two distinct tribes, the Sac and Fox joined forces during the 18th century to resist attacks by the French. The Sac traditionally referred to themselves as "People of the Yellow Earth," while the Foxes called themselves "Red Earth People."[1]

In 1804 the tribes ceded their traditional homelands to the United States. The Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri was established by an 1815 treaty, and they relocated from Iowa and Illinois to northeastern Missouri. In 1824, they moved again to the Platte Valley. Sac leader, Black Hawk led his people in a war against the United States in 1832. An 1837 treaty relocated the tribe to the Great Nemaha Reservation in Doniphan and Brown counties in Kansas.[5] After several treaties ceded more land, the Dawes Act broke tribal lands into individual allotments.[1]

In the 1880s, 360 members lived on the Sac and Fox Reservation, consisting of a 61.226 km² (23.639 sq mi) tract in southeastern Richardson County, Nebraska and northeastern Brown County, Kansas, near Falls City, Nebraska.[1]

The tribe organized in 1934 under the Indian Reorganization Act.[1] The reservation had a resident population of 217 people at the 2000 census.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Tribal History." Sac & Fox Casino. (retrieved 11 April 2010)
  2. ^ "Federally Recognized Tribes in Region 7." US EPA Region 7. (retrieved 11 April 2010)
  3. ^ "Sac & Fox Casino." 500 Nations. (retrieved 11 April 2010)
  4. ^ "Tribal Museum." Sac & Fox Casino. (retrieved 11 April 2010)
  5. ^ "Kansas Tribes . . . Past & Present: Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska", The Brown Quarterly, 6,1. Retrieved April 13, 2010.

External links[edit]