Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska
|Regions with significant populations|
| United States
( Kansas and Nebraska)
|English, Sauk, Fox|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Sauk, Meskwaki, Kickapoo, and other Algonquian peoples|
The Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska is one of three federally recognized Native American tribe of Sac and Meskwaki (Fox) peoples. Their name for themselves is Nemahahaki and they are an Algonquian people and Eastern Woodland culture.
Government and economic development
Original two distinct tribes, the Sac and Fox joined forces during the 18th century to resist attacks by the French. The Sac traditionally referred to themselves as "People of the Yellow Earth," while the Foxes called themselves "Red Earth People."
In 1804 the tribes ceded their traditional homelands to the United States. The Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri was established by an 1815 treaty, and they relocated from Iowa and Illinois to northeastern Missouri. In 1824, they moved again to the Platte Valley. Sac leader, Black Hawk led his people in a war against the United States in 1832. An 1837 treaty relocated the tribe to the Great Nemaha Reservation in Doniphan and Brown counties in Kansas. After several treaties ceded more land, the Dawes Act broke tribal lands into individual allotments.
In the 1880s, 360 members lived on the Sac and Fox Reservation, consisting of a 61.226 km² (23.639 sq mi) tract in southeastern Richardson County, Nebraska and northeastern Brown County, Kansas, near Falls City, Nebraska.
- "Tribal History." Sac & Fox Casino. (retrieved 11 April 2010)
- "Federally Recognized Tribes in Region 7." US EPA Region 7. (retrieved 11 April 2010)
- "Sac & Fox Casino." 500 Nations. (retrieved 11 April 2010)
- "Tribal Museum." Sac & Fox Casino. (retrieved 11 April 2010)
- "Kansas Tribes . . . Past & Present: Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska", The Brown Quarterly, 6,1. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri, history, official website