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|Birth name||Alexandre Joseph Sosnowsky|
Alexandre Joseph Sosnowsky, (1937 – 3 December 2013), better known by his name Sacha Sosno, was an internationally renowned French sculptor and painter. Working most of the time in Nice, in his last decades Sosno achieved international recognition for his monumental outdoor sculptures in Côte d'Azur, France. Along with: Yves Klein, Arman and Cesar he was part of the New Realist (Nouveau réalisme) movement . Sosno had a singular artistic approach: the concept of obliteration. His sculptures are masked by empty or full space, inviting the viewer to use his own imagination.
Sosno was born in Marseilles. His father was Estonian and mother from France. Sosno spend his childhood in Riga, Latvia. During World War II his family manage to escape to Switzerland and later to France. Sacha began painting in 1948 when he was inspired by his neighbour Henri Matisse but stopped in 1956. In 1958 he studied in Paris (political science & oriental languages), followed courses at the Law Faculty and at the Cinema Institute at the Sorbonne. In 1961 went back to Nice and founded the magazine Sud Communications (Southern Communication) where he published his first theory of the "School of Nice". Shortly afterwards, he started his long friendship with Martial Raysse. In the 60s after Military service in Toulouse and work in the press as a war reporter in Ireland, Bangladesh and Biafra Sacha Sosno returned to painting. In 1974 he sold his art studio in Paris to cross the Atlantic by sailboat. Three years later returned to France to make his first sculpture: obliterated cars. In 1983 - important one-man show at the Musée des Beaux-Arts Jules Chéret in Nice. The year to follow - first one-man show in the United States at the Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art in Ridgefield, Connecticut. The Galerie Beaubourg in Paris commissioned one of his works in 1986. 1986–1988: Developed several projects which associates sculpture and architecture, e.g. Hotel Elysée Palace with architect Georges Margarita, a 28-meter high work, including a 19-meter high bronze and 420 tons of granite. 1989–1990: Four one-man shows in the U.S.: Miami, West Palm Beach, Sarasota and Tampa. In the 90s he set up his workshop on the heights of Nice where he plants vines and olive trees. In the last decades many important international exhibitions were held in France, Russia, China and Italy. His most recognizable work is "Tête Carrée" (square head building) library in Nice, France in 2001 with architectures:Yves Bayard, Francis Chapus.
Sosno's work has been termed l'art d'oblitér or the ‘art of obliteration’ as a result of his idiosyncratic voids or solids added to an artwork, which obliterate or distort the full picture or figure. Thus giving the viewer the task of imagining what is absent: "I only do 50% of the work; other people have to finish creating the sculpture". His pieces frequently display either the absence of material or an obstructing addition. For example in Tete aux quatre vents femme Sosno removes sections of the bronze work, leaving holes where the face, ears and back of the head ought to be. This requires the audience to use its imagination in constructing the full image. Sacha Sosno's creative work is self-sufficient, soaring and martial, cultural, a protest.
Architecture (Inhabited sculpture)
Sosno possessed a passion for architecture. He believed architecture must be imbued with the artistic. In 2000 Sosno started to work on "Tête carrée" (The Square Head), a 26-meter high monumental sculpture - the Central Library in Nice with architects Yves Bayard and Francis Chapuis, financed by the Ministry of Culture, the Regional Council, the County Council and the City of Nice. One year later the installation of the aluminium structure began. When the work was completed In 2002 it became the first inhabited monumental sculpture in the world, the first construction entirely in aluminum and the first building shaped and raised thanks to naval techniques.
- Galerie Le Violon Bleu, (Tunis, Sidi Bou Saïd, Tunisie), 2007
- Hôpital Princesse Grace (Monaco), 2008
- Exposition Mail-art 2008 "A demain" Paris, France, 2008
- Quartier Carros (Nice), 2009
- Eco Art Parade - Juillet – Monaco, 2009
- Exposition extérieures (Roquebrune Cap-Martin), 2011
- Franchement Art (Citadelle de Villefranche-sur-Mer), 2011
- "VIDEO. Sacha Sosno, sculpteur emblématique de l'Ecole de Nice, est mort | France". Corse-Matin. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "Fyr gallery _Sosno". Fyr.it. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "Sacha Sosno Biography and Links – Sacha Sosno on artnet". Artnet.com. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "Sacha Sosno-Museums-Images-Original Artworks-Nice-Korea-Obliteration-Antic Art-Tete Carre-Squared Head". Vvdm-gallery.com. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- "Nice - an encounter with Sacha Sosno". Frenchriviera-tourism.com. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
- ""Square Head" Building by Sosno (Nice)". Lomography. 2009-03-12. Retrieved 2013-12-04.