Sachin State

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Sachin State
સચીન
Princely State
1791–1948

Flag of Sachin

Flag

History
 -  Established 1791
 -  Independence of India 1948
Area
 -  1931 127 km2 (49 sq mi)
Population
 -  1931 22,107 
Density 174.1 /km2  (450.8 /sq mi)
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

The Sachin State (Gujarati: સચીન; Urdu: سچن‎) was a princely state belonging to the Surat Agency, former Khandesh Agency, of the Bombay Presidency during the era of the British Raj. Its capital was in Sachin, the southernmost town of present-day Surat district of Gujarat State.

History[edit]

Sachin state was founded on 6 Jun 1791. Although over 85% of the subjects were Hindu, the state was ruled by Sunni Muslims of the Sidi dynasty of Danfa-Rajpuri and Janjira State and was under the protection of the Maratha Peshwa until it became a British protectorate. Sachin state became bankrupt in 1829 and during the period between 1835 and 1864 the state was under British civil administration. Sachin State's last ruler signed the accession to join the Indian Union on 8 March 1948. The state then became part of Surat district in Bombay Province.[1][2]

Fatima Begum (1892 - 1983), one of the early superstars in Indian cinema and India's first female film director, was supposedly married to Nawab Sidi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan III of Sachin State. However, there is no record of a marriage or contract having taken place between the Nawab and Fatima Bai or of the Nawab having recognised any of her children as his own.[3]

Rulers[edit]

The rulers of Sachin State bore the title 'Nawab' and were granted the right of a 9 gun salute by the British authorities.[4]

Nawabs[edit]

  • 6 Jun 1791 - 9 Jul 1802 Abdul Karim Mohammad Yakut Khan I (b. 17.. - d. 1802)
  • 9 Jul 1802 - 25 Mar 1853 Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan I (d. 1853)
  • 25 Mar 1853 – 1 Dec 1868 Abdul Karim Mohammad Yakut Khan II (b. 1802 - d. 1868)
  • 1 Dec 1868 – 4 Mar 1873 Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan II (b. 1833 - d. 1873)
  • 4 Mar 1873 - 7 Jan 1887 Abdul Kadir Khan (b. 1865 - d. 1896)
  • 4 Mar 1873 - Jul 1886 .... -Regent
  • 7 Feb 1887 - 19 Nov 1930 Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan III (b. 1886 - d. 1930)
  • 7 Feb 1887 - 4 May 1907 .... -Regent
  • 19 Nov 1930 - 15 Aug 1947 Haydar Mohammad Yakut Khan (b. 1909 - d. 1970)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hunter, Sir William Wilson. The Imperial Gazetteer of India. London, Trübner & Co., 1885
  2. ^ Malleson, G. B. An historical sketch of the native states of India, London 1875, Reprint Delhi 1984
  3. ^ Sachin Princely State (9 gun salute)
  4. ^ Princely States of India

Coordinates: 21°05′N 72°53′E / 21.08°N 72.88°E / 21.08; 72.88