Sack of Baturyn
Sack of Baturyn (Ukrainian: Здобуття Батурина, Russian: Взятие Батурина) (November 1-2, 1708), sometimes also referred to as the Slaughtering in Baturyn, was a part of series of punishing raids conducted by the Russian Imperial Army against Mazepa and Cossack state. On November 2, 1708 upon the sack of Baturyn its entire civil population was exterminated (~7,000 according to Serhiy Pavlenko), while the "Hetman Residence" was completely obliterated.
Before the storm of Baturyn Menshikov had at his disposal some 20 Dragoon Regiments of some 15 to 20 thousands dragoons. Baturyn at that time was a heavily fortified city reinforced with a high number of artillery. Considering that Menshikov decided to use his diplomatic skills to convince the defenders to surrender and sent down Andrei Markovich with his message. The Baturyn defenders refused and opened fire onto the Menshikov's positions.
The appointed colonel Ivan Nis of Pryluky Regiment and an interpreter Stefan Zertis were arrested by Serdyuk Guards as saboteurs and attached to artillery guns. Trying to save himself from being executed for desertion Nis was able to sent to Menshikov one of his officers, Solomakha, who pointed to a secret entrance to the fortress. The next morning on November 2 at six o'clock the Russian forces penetrated into the city and, after some two hour of resistance from cossacks, were victorious. According to the official Ukrainian version, after being left completely defenceless the whole civil population of the city was tortured to death.
Losses: Ukrainians, 15 thousand including civilians. Russians, 3 thousand soldiers.
- "History of Ukrainian SSR in eight volumes". Vol.2. Kiev, 1979. p.335.
- Pavlenko, S. "Pyotr Velikiy". Moscow, 1990. p.282
- Pavlenko, p.73
- "History of Little Russia (Ch.47)" at Regional Universal Scientific Library of D.Chyzhevsky
- Pavlenko, pp.360-366
- Pavlenko, S. "Perishing of Baturyn on November 2, 1708". "Ukrainska vydavnycha spilka". Kiev, 2007.
- Pavlenko, S. "Ivan Mazepa". "Alternatyvy". Kiev, 2003.
- Tairova-Yakovleva, T. "Mazepa". "Molodaya gvardiya". Moscow, 2007.
- (Ukrainian) The Western Europe about Mazepa by the director of the Scientific-Research Institute of Cossackdom at NANU Institute of History
- (Ukrainian) Pavlenko, S. Baturyn tragedy of 1708: thoughts and facts. All-Ukrainian daily newspaper "Day" #210, December 1, 2007.
- (Ukrainian) Was Baturyn doomed?
- (Russian) Petr I. Order to Zaporizhian Host (October 27, 1708)
- (Russian) Petr I. To Prince Menshikov (November 5, 1708)