Sackville Carden

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Sir Sackville Carden
Born 3 May 1857
Templemore
Died 6 May 1930
Lymington
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1870-1917
Rank Admiral
Commands held HMS London (1899)
Relations Sackville Berkeley (grandfather)

Admiral Sir Sackville Hamilton Carden KCMG (1857–1930) was a British admiral who, in cooperation with the French Navy, commanded British naval forces in the Mediterranean Sea during the First World War.

Early life[edit]

Carden was born in Barnane near Templemore in County Tipperary, Ireland, the third son of Andrew Carden and Anne Berkeley.[1] Although both his father and grandfather had served in the army, he elected for a naval career and joined the Royal Navy in 1870.[1]

Military career[edit]

Carden´s early career was marked by service in Egypt and the Sudan, and later, under Harry Rawson in the Benin expedition of 1897.[1] He was promoted to captain in December 1899,[2] and in May 1901 was commissioned in command of HMS Immortalité, seagoing tender to the Wildfire, flagship at Sheerness.[3] In 1908, he was promoted rear admiral.[1] After two years on half-pay, he was assigned to the Atlantic Fleet, and raised his flag aboard HMS London for one year. Following his return to London, he was posted to the Admiralty until August 1912, at which point he was appointed superintendent of the Malta Dockyard.[1]

In September 1914, he was appointed Commander of the British Squadron operating in the Mediterranean[4] under the leadership of a French admiral.[1] Following the Ottoman Empire's entry into the war on the side of the Central Powers in November 1914, Carden was asked by the British Admiralty to develop a strategy to force open the Dardanelles (Canakkale Bogazi) in January of the following year. Carden's plan called for the systematic destruction of Turkish fortifications along the Dardanelles while advancing slowly up the strait, in addition to extensive minesweeping operations.[1] Initially commander-in-chief of British naval forces during the Dardanelles campaign, Carden was successful in early offensives against Turkish defenses from 19 February until early March, when he was relieved of command due his failing health and replaced by Admiral John de Robeck.[1]

Resigning from the British Navy two years later with the rank of admiral, Carden lived in retirement until his death in 1930.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online edition, accessed 25 Aug 2007
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27150. p. 3. 2 January 1900. Retrieved 2013-04-01.
  3. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Wednesday, 22 May 1901. (36461), p. 10.
  4. ^ Biography of Sackville Carden at First World War.com
  • Callwell, C. E., The Dardanelles. Boston, 1919.
  • Corbett, Sir Julian S., Naval Operations. London, 1924.

External links[edit]