Sacramento Public Library
|Location||Sacramento, California, United States|
|Access and use|
|Population served||1.3 million|
The Sacramento Library Association was established in October 1857 as a public subscription library, and its first roster listed many prominent citizens, including E. B. Crocker, C. P. Huntington, and Leland Stanford. In 1872, the association acquired a building on I Street between 7th and 8th and furnished a library on the first floor. By 1879, the Library Association was facing financial difficulties and offered to transfer ownership to the City of Sacramento on the condition that it be made free. The proposal was brought to a vote in the March elections and passed. The Sacramento Free Public Library opened to the public on Saturday, June 14, 1879, with a collection of 5,695 books.
1918 Carnegie Library Building
By 1913, the Sacramento City Library collection had expanded to fill the 5,763 sq. ft. main library at 716 I Street, and the Sacramento Veteran Knights of Pythias applied to the Carnegie Corporation for the building of a new city library at the corner of 9th and I Streets. After some debate, the Carnegie Corporation approved $100,000 toward a new building and the City of Sacramento pitched in an additional $30,000. The library would be designed by San Francisco architect Loring P. Rixford, whose plans for an Italian Renaissance edifice were chosen from among 56 drawings submitted by architects throughout the Pacific Coast region in a competition conducted under the rules of the American Institute of Architects. The new Sacramento Free Public Library opened to the public at 828 I Street on April 23, 1918. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1992.
County Library Service
Under the leadership of Director Lauren W. Ripley, Sacramento Free Public Library reached an agreement with the Board of Supervisors of the County of Sacramento in 1908 to become the first city library in the state of California to extend free service to county residents. The library established the first county deposit station in Elk Grove on October 19, 1908, and by early 1909, had deposit stations at Courtland, Fair Oaks, Folsom, Galt, Oak Park, Sutterville and Vorden.
A separate Sacramento County Library system was established in 1919 and the next year began serving all of Sacramento County, excepting city residents. The two library systems would remain separate until a July 1966 agreement between the City and County of Sacramento combined their service, unifying them under the management of the City Librarian (henceforth known as the City-County Librarian) as the Sacramento City-County Library.
On August 31, 1993, the Sacramento City Council and Sacramento County Board of Supervisors voted to initiate a joint powers authority to merge all operations of the Sacramento City-County Library, including budgeting and personnel. Today, the Sacramento Public Library Authority is governed by a Joint Exercise of Powers Agreement between the County of Sacramento and the Cities of Citrus Heights, Galt, Isleton, Elk Grove, Rancho Cordova, and Sacramento. The purpose of the Sacramento Public Library Authority is to provide public library services that provide open access to diverse resources and ideas that inspire learning, promote reading, and enhance community life to all citizens in its member jurisdictions.
As a PACER free trial participant, Sacramento Public Library was the target of a $1.5 million usage bill courtesy of Aaron Swartz, who downloaded and released approximately 2.7 million federal court documents in 2008. The case and trial program was subsequently evaluated by the FBI and Department of Justice.
In 2011, U.S. Congresswoman Doris Matsui commented that, "The Sacramento Public Library continues to establish itself as a leader in the region, and as a model for other systems.” Later that year, Sacramento Public Library became one of 53 places in the world to have an Espresso Book Machine.
Sacramento Public Library has 28 branches:
- Arcade Library
- Arden-Dimick Library
- Carmichael Library
- Central Library
- Colonial Heights Library
- Belle Cooledge Library
- Courtland Library
- Del Paso Heights Library
- Elk Grove Library
- Fair Oaks Library
- Franklin Library
- Galt-Marian O. Lawrence Library
- Isleton Library
- Martin Luther King Jr. Library
- Ella K. McClatchy Library
- McKinley Library
- North Highland-Antelope Library
- North Natomas Library
- North Sacramento-Hagginwood Library
- Orangevale Library
- Rancho Cordova Library
- Rio Linda Library
- Robbie Waters Pocket-Greenhaven Library
- South Natomas Library
- Southgate Library
- Sylvan Oaks Library
- Valley Hi-North Laguna Library
- Walnut Grove Library
- "About Us". Sacramento Public Library. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- Wenzel, Caroline (October 1923). "Sacramento City Free Library".
- "Progress of the City". Sacramento Daily Union. April 24, 1872.
- Davis, Win. J. (1890). History of Sacramento County. The Lewis Publishing Company. p. 150.
- "The Free Library: Opening of the Institution Saturday Evening". Sacramento Daily Union. June 16, 1879.
- "Loring P. Rixford wins Sacramento Library Competition"". Architect and Enginer: 94. November 15, 1915.
- Ripley, Lauren W. (October 1908). "County Free Library Extension – The Sacramento Plan". News Notes of California Libraries: 303–4.
- News Notes of California Libraries: 56. January 1909.
- News Notes of California Libraries: 29. Winter 1968.
- "Council Agenda 8/31/1993 Item 9.1 Creation of the Sacramento Public Library Authority".
- "About the Authority Board".
- Lee, Timothy B. (February 8, 2013). "The inside story of Aaron Swartz’s campaign to liberate court filings". Ars Technica. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Schwartz, John (February 12, 2009). "An Effort to Upgrade a Court Archive System to Free and Easy". New York Times. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- Lee, Mara (April 11, 2011). "Congresswoman Matsui Celebrates National Library Week". Doris Matsui. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "EBM Locations: List View". OnDemandBooks.com. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- Schwartz, John (November 7, 2011). "Sacramento Library To Offer Independent Book Printing". CBS. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- "Sacramento Public Library Hours & Locations". Sacramento Public Library. September 1, 2012. Retrieved July 19, 2013.