Sacred Heart Cathedral, Bendigo

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Sacred Heart Cathedral
Sacred Heart Cathedral, Bendigo November 2011.JPG
Sacred Heart Cathedral
Basic information
Location Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
Geographic coordinates 36°45′36″S 144°16′26″E / 36.760°S 144.274°E / -36.760; 144.274Coordinates: 36°45′36″S 144°16′26″E / 36.760°S 144.274°E / -36.760; 144.274
Affiliation Roman Catholic
District Diocese of Sandhurst
Year consecrated 1901
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Cathedral[1]
Website www.sacredheartcathedral.org.au
Architectural description
Architect(s) William Tappin
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Groundbreaking 1897
Completed 1977
Specifications
Length 75.68 metres (248.3 ft)
Width 43.47 metres (142.6 ft)
Height (max) 86.64 metres (284.3 ft)

Sacred Heart Cathedral, Bendigo is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sandhurst and seat of the Bishop of Sandhurst. The cathedral is located in the provincial city of Bendigo, Victoria, Australia.

Description[edit]

Sacred Heart Cathedral is one of Australia's largest churches and the second tallest after St Patrick's Cathedral in Melbourne. It is an exceptionally large church for a provincial city cathedral in Australia and its construction was made possible chiefly through the estate of Henry Backhaus (1811-1882), a German from Paderborn and the first Catholic priest on the Bendigo goldfields. Backhaus was very skilled in financial matters and accumulated considerable property - not least through encouraging his gold-mining parishioners to contribute some of their findings to the work of the church. Backhaus left his wealth for the benefit of the church and enabled the cathedral, among other things, to be built.

In 1895 Martin Crane, an Augustinian and the first bishop of the diocese, called for competitive designs for a cathedral from several architects. The winning architect was William Tappin of the firm Reed, Barnes and Tappin, a firm established by Joseph Reed, one of Melbourne's most significant architects. It was built in the Gothic Revival style from sandstone quarried from the Geelong area.[2]

The large pipe organ, built by Bishop & Son of London, was installed late in 1905.

After a long interval, work recommenced on the cathedral in 1954 and was completed in 1977. The later works were designed by Bates, Smart and McCutcheon, the successor of Reed, Barnes and Tappin. The spire was of lighter construction than that originally designed, being steel framed and clad with a masonry veneer.

Sacred Heart Cathedral is 75 metres long and has a ceiling height of 24 metres. The main spire is 87 metres high.

Photo gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sacred Heart Cathedral". GCatholic.org. 15 January 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Arneil, Stan (1992). Out Where the Dead Men Lie: The Augustinians in Australia 1838 – 1992. Brookvale, NSW: Augustinian Press. 

External links[edit]