Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Daimonzaka25 2048.jpg
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, iv, vi
Reference 1142
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 2004 (28th Session)

Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located on the Kii Peninsula in Japan.

Selection criteria[edit]

The locations and paths for this heritage site were based on their historical and modern importance in religious pilgrimages. It was also noted for its fusion of Shinto and Buddhist beliefs, and a well documented history of traditions over 1,200 years. The nature scenery on the Kii peninsula was also taken into consideration, with its many streams, rivers and waterfalls. Technically, independent structures at nominated temples and shrines were nominated for this distinction, and not the entire establishments. Sections of the trails were included for this nomination, but not the full length of their expanses. A total of 242 elements were selected from sites and pilgrimage routes for nomination.


List of sites[edit]

Area Cultural asset Type Location Picture
Yoshino and Ōmine Mount Yoshino (吉野山 Yoshino-yama?) natureMountain nara yoshino yoshinoYoshino-chō, Yoshino-gun, Nara-ken Cherry blossoms at Yoshinoyama 01.jpg
Yoshino and Ōmine Yoshino Mikumari Shrine (吉野水分神社 Yoshino-mikumari-jinja?) shrineShinto shrine nara yoshino yoshinoYoshino-chō, Yoshino-gun, Nara-ken Yoshino-Mikumari Shrine01.jpg
Yoshino and Ōmine Kimpu Shrine (金峯神社 Kimpu-jinja?) shrineShinto shrine nara yoshino yoshinoYoshino-chō, Yoshino-gun, Nara-ken Konbu Shrine, Yoshino02.JPG
Yoshino and Ōmine Kimpusen-ji (金峯山寺 Kimpusen-ji?) temple shugendo buddhistShugendō/Buddhist temple nara yoshino yoshinoYoshino-chō, Yoshino-gun, Nara-ken Kinpusenji Yoshino Nara02n4272.jpg
Yoshino and Ōmine Yoshimizu Shrine (吉水神社 Yoshimizu-jinja?) shrineShinto shrine nara yoshino yoshinoYoshino-chō, Yoshino-gun, Nara-ken Yoshimizu-jinja Yoshino Nara04.n3200.jpg
Yoshino and Ōmine Ōminesan-ji (大峯山寺 Ōminesan-ji?) temple shugendoShugendō temple nara yoshino tenkawaTenkawa-mura, Yoshino-gun, Nara-ken Oominesanji stairs.jpg
Kumano Sanzan Kumano Hongū Taisha (熊野本宮大社 Kumano Hongū Taisha?) shrineShinto shrine wakayama tanabeTanabe-shi, Wakayama-ken Shrine Kumano hongu torii01.jpg
Kumano Sanzan Kumano Hayatama Taisha (熊野速玉大社 Kumano Hayatama Taisha?) shrineShinto shrine wakayama mieShingū-shi, Wakayama-ken;
Kiho-chō, Minamimuro-gun, Mie-ken
Kumanohayatama-taisha10s4s4440.jpg
Kumano Sanzan Kumano Nachi Taisha (熊野那智大社 Kumano Nachi Taisha?) shrineShinto shrine wakayama higashimuro nachikatsuuraNachikatsuura-chō, Higashimuro-gun, Wakayama-ken Kumanonachitaisha8473.jpg
Kumano Sanzan Seiganto-ji (青岸渡寺 Seiganto-ji?) temple tendaiTendai Buddhist temple wakayama higashimuro nachikatsuuraNachikatsuura-chō, Higashimuro-gun, Wakayama-ken Seigantoji8488.JPG
Kumano Sanzan Nachi Falls (那智滝 Nachi no Taki?) natureWaterfall wakayama higashimuro nachikatsuuraNachikatsuura-chō, Higashimuro-gun, Wakayama-ken Nachi Falls002.JPG
Kumano Sanzan Nachi Primeval Forest (那智原始林 Nachi Genjirin?) natureForest wakayama higashimuro nachikatsuuraNachikatsuura-chō, Higashimuro-gun, Wakayama-ken Daimonzaka8562.JPG
Kumano Sanzan Fudarakusan-ji (補陀洛山寺 Fudarakusan-ji?) temple tendaiTendai Buddhist temple wakayama higashimuro nachikatsuuraNachikatsuura-chō, Higashimuro-gun, Wakayama-ken Fudarakusanji04s2010.jpg
Kōyasan Niutsuhime Shrine (丹生都比売神社 Niutsuhime-jinja?) shrineShinto shrine wakayama ito katsuragiKatsuragi-chō, Ito-gun, Wakayama-ken Niutsuhime-jinja romon.jpg
Kōyasan Kongōbu-ji (金剛峯寺 Kongōbu-ji?) temple shingonShingon Buddhist temple wakayama ito koyaKōya-chō, Ito-gun, Wakayama-ken Danjogaran Koyasan12n3200.jpg
Kōyasan Jison-in (慈尊院 Jison-in?) temple shingonShingon Buddhist temple wakayama ito kudoyamaKudoyama-chō, Ito-gun, Wakayama-ken Jisonin tahoto.jpg
Kōyasan Niukanshōfu Shrine (丹生官省符神社 Niukanshōfu-jinja?) shrineShinto shrine wakayama ito kudoyamaKudoyama-chō, Ito-gun, Wakayama-ken Niukanshobujinja 02.JPG
Pilgrimage Routes Ōmine Okugakemichi (大峯奥駈道 Ōmine Okugakemichi?) trailTrail wakayama naraVillages between Nara and Wakayama prefectures Okunosenbon Yoshino Nara01n4272.jpg
Pilgrimage Routes Kumano Sankeimichi (熊野参詣道?)
  • Nakahechi (中辺路?), including Kumano River (熊野川?)
  • Kohechi (小辺路?)
  • Ōhechi (大辺路?)
  • Iseji (伊勢路?)
trailTrail wakayama mieAcross Mie and Wakayama prefectures Daimonzaka28-640.jpg
Pilgrimage Routes Kōyasan chōishi-michi (高野山町石道 Kōyasan Chōishimichi?) trailTrail wakayama itoVillages in Ito-gun, Wakayama-ken Koyasan Choishimichi 01.JPG

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 34°18′10″N 135°57′18″E / 34.3028°N 135.955°E / 34.3028; 135.955