Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re

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Church of Sacred Heart of Christ the King
Chiesa del Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re (Italian)
Basic information
Location Italy Rome, Italy
Geographic coordinates 41°55′2.64″N 12°27′55.25″E / 41.9174000°N 12.4653472°E / 41.9174000; 12.4653472Coordinates: 41°55′2.64″N 12°27′55.25″E / 41.9174000°N 12.4653472°E / 41.9174000; 12.4653472
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Titular church, Minor basilica
Architectural description
Architect(s) Marcello Piacentini
Architectural type Church
Architectural style Italian rationalism
Groundbreaking 1920
Completed 1934
Specifications
Dome(s) 1
Dome height (outer) 36 meters (118 ft 1.3 in)
Dome dia. (inner) 20 meters (65 ft 7.4 in)

Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re is a Roman Catholic church (minor basilica) in Rome, designed between the 1920s and 1930s by Marcello Piacentini.

History[edit]

The idea for a new church in the new district of Della Vittoria (literally Of Victory, named for the victory in World War I) came from Ottavio Gasparri, member of the Sacred Heart of Jesus religious institute. At first the church was to be named Tempio della Pace,[1] to remember and honour the fallen of World War I. Construction began in May 1920.[2] The original design proposed by Marcello Piacentini was inspired by the churches built in Rome in the 16th century.

Construction halted with the death of Ottavio Gasparri, in 1929. In the next two years Piacentini worked for radical changes, following the emerging Rationalism that became Italian rationalism, and the Sacro Cuore di Gesù became the braeking point of the sacred architecture in the Rome context. The construction started again in 1931 and the church was inaugurated in 1934.

The church was made a parish church by Pope Pius XI on 31 October 1926 with the apostolic constitution Regis pacifici. On 5 February 1965 was appointed titular church by Pope Paul VI with the apostolic constitution Sacrum Cardinalium Collegium. Later that year, with the motu proprio Recentioris architecturae it was given the title of minor basilica.

Design[edit]

The church has a bricks facing, the facade with brick rows of different projection alternated; facade upper side, portals and windows are boarded with travertine. The floor plan, with a nave flanked byt two aisles, is between a Latin cross and greek cross, with a length of about 70 m. The church present a dome of 20 meters of diameter. Over the main portal an high relief by Arturo Martini, that depicts the sacred heart of Jesus. In the inside the Stations of the Cross made by Alfredo Biagini.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Italian) Roma - Guide Rosse d'Italia, Touring Editore, 1999, page 723
  2. ^ 1924, according to (Italian) Roma - Guide Rosse d'Italia, Touring Editore, 1999, page 723
  • (German) Luigi Monzo: trasformismo architettonico – Piacentinis Kirche Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re in Rom im Kontext der kirchenbaulichen Erneuerung im faschistischen Italien, in: Kunst und Politik. Jahrbuch der Guernica-Gesellschaft, 15.2013, pp. 83-100. ISSN 1439-0205.
  • (Italian) Massimo Alemanno, Le chiese di Roma moderna - Volume 2, Armando Editore, 2006 (page 32)

Further reading[edit]

  • (Italian) C. Rendina, Le Chiese di Roma, Newton & Compton Editori, Milano 2000