Sadamu Shimomura

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Sadamu Shimomura
Shimomura Sadamu.jpg
General Sadamu Shimomura
Born (1887-09-23)September 23, 1887
Kōchi Prefecture, Japan
Died March 25, 1968(1968-03-25) (aged 80)
Allegiance  Japan
Service/branch War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Imperial Japanese Army
Years of service 1908 – 1945
Rank General
Commands held Thirteenth Army
Northern China Area Army
Battles/wars Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Other work Army Minister
In this Japanese name, the family name is "Shimomura".

Sadamu Shimomura (下村 定 Shimomura Sadamu?, 23 September 1887 – 25 March 1968) was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and final Minister of War of the Empire of Japan.

Biography[edit]

Shimomura was a native of Kōchi Prefecture, and a graduate of the 20th class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in 1908. His classmates included Prince Asaka, Prince Higashikuni Naruhiko, Prince Kitashirakawa Naruhisa, Mitsuru Ushijima, Heitarō Kimura, Takashi Sakai, and Shōjirō Iida. He subsequently graduated from the 28th class of the Army Staff College in 1916. After serving in a number of staff and administrative positions within the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff, Shimomura was posted to France as a military attaché in 1919. He returned to the Strategy and Planning bureau of the General Staff in 1921. He participated as part of the Japanese delegation to the Geneva Naval Conference negotiations from 1928–1929 and in 1931. From 1933-1935 he was commander of the IJA 1st Heavy Field Artillery Regiment.[1]

In 1935, Shimomura was assigned to the staff of the Kwantung Army and promoted to major general in 1936. He returned to the General Staff as Chief of the 4th Bureau from 1936–1937, and of the 1st Bureau from 1937-1938. He was strong proponent of a more aggressive approach towards the Kuomingtang government in the Shanghai area and his recommendations influenced the decision of the Japanese General Staff to authorize the landings of the Japanese Tenth Army at the start of the Battle of Shanghai.[2]

Shimomura was promoted to lieutenant general in 1939. He was Commandant of the Artillery School in 1940, and given a field command in 1942 in the form of the Japanese Thirteenth Army based in Shanghai and surrounding provinces primarily as a garrison force to deter the possible landings of the Allies of World War II in the lower Yangtze River area of east central China.

In March 1944, Shimomura was withdrawn to the Japanese home islands and became commander of the Western District Army, another force intended to defend against Allied landings. However, in November 1944, he returned to China as commander of the North China Area Army.[3]

In 1945, Shimomura was promoted to full general, and on 23 August (after the surrender of Japan), was appointed final Army Minister under the Higashikuni cabinet. One of the reasons for his selection was that he had never been involved in hostilities against the United States at any point in his military career.[4] Shimomura was also concurrently the final Inspector-General for Military Training.[5] His primary task was to oversee the demobilization of the Imperial Japanese Army.

As with all other members of the former Japanese government, Shimomura was briefly taken into custody by the American occupation authorities from 1946–1947, but was released without trial.

In June 1959, he was elected to the House of Councilors in the post-war Diet of Japan for a single term with the support of the Liberal-Democratic Party. Shimomura died in a traffic accident on 25 March 1968.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ammenthorp, The Generals of World War II
  2. ^ Yamamoto, Nanking, pg 42
  3. ^ Ammenthorp, The Generals of World War II
  4. ^ Shillony, Politics and Culture in Wartime Japan. Pg.89
  5. ^ Wendel, Axis History Factbook

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fuller, Richard (1992). Shokan: Hirohito's Samurai. London: Arms and Armor. ISBN 1-85409-151-4. 
  • Shillony, Ben Ami (1981). Politics and Culture in Wartime Japan. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-820260-1. 
  • Yamamoto, Masahiro (2000). Nanking: Anatomy of an Atrocity. London: Greenwood Publishing Company. ISBN 0-275-96904-5. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Prince Higashikuni Naruhiko
Army Minister
Aug 1945 – Dec 1945
Succeeded by
none
Military offices
Preceded by
Kenji Doihara
Inspector-General of Military Training
Aug 1945 – Oct 1945
Succeeded by
none
Preceded by
Naozaburo Okabe
Commander North China Area Army
Nov 1944 – Aug 1945
Succeeded by
none
Preceded by
Keisuke Fujie
Commander Western District Army
Mar 1944 – Nov 1944
Succeeded by
Isamu Yokoyama
Preceded by
Shigeru Sawada
Commander IJA 13th Army
Oct 1942 – Mar 1944
Succeeded by
Sajishige Nagatsu
Preceded by
Masatake Yamawaki
Commandant Army War College
1941–1942
Succeeded by
Naozaburo Okabe
Preceded by
Masao Yokoyama
Commander, Tokyo Bay Fortress
1938–1940
Succeeded by
Koichi Kobayashi