The Western media presented fears that it would present a formidable obstacle to the liberation of Kuwait, consisting of "flame trenches" (ditches filled with oil to be ignited in case of attack) and "sand berms, trench works, tank ditches, barbed wire and minefields", backed by the threat of chemical and biological weapons. However, those fears turned out to be unwarranted. The coalition assault, beginning at 4 a.m. on February 24, 1991, met "only sporadic resistance", and by 6:45 a.m., troops had broken through the Saddam Line. 
- Staff (undated). "Iraq and the Gulf War 1990-1991". (Directorate of Intelligence document) U.S. Department of Defense (via the Federation of American Scientists). Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- Drogin, Bob (February 25, 1991). "'Saddam Line' Falls Easily to Marines". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- Staff (February 10, 1991). "Breaching The 'Saddam Line'". Newsweek. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- Kellner, Douglas (1992). "Chapter 8 – Countdown to the Ground War" (PDF; Adobe Acrobat required). The Persian Gulf TV War. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press (via the University of California, Los Angeles). ISBN 978-0-8133-1614-7. Retrieved February 24, 2012.