Sadeq Mohammad Khan V

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Nawab General Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V
جنرل نواب سر صادق محمد خان عباسی
The Nawab of the God Gifted Kingdom of Bahawalpur
Sadeq Mohammad Khan.jpg
Reign 15 February 1907 – 24 February 1966
Born (1904-05-09)9 May 1904
Birthplace Derawar Fort, Bahawalpur, British India
Died 2 December 1967(1967-12-02) (age 62)
Place of death London
Buried The Abbasi Royal Graveyard Derawar Fort
Predecessor Mohammad Bahawal Khan V
Successor Nawab Muhammad Abbas Khan Abbasi Bahadur
Issue 22
Royal house The Abbasi Dynasty
Father Mohammad Bahawal Khan V
Mother Begum Sahiba
Religious beliefs Islam

General Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V (Urdu: جنرل نواب صادق محمد خان عباسی‎), GCSI, GCIE, KCVO, LLD (29 September 1904, in Derawar – 24 May 1966, in London) was the Nawab, and later Amir, of Bahawalpur State from 1907 to 1966. He became the Nawab on the death of his father, when he was only three years old. A Council of Regency, with Sir Rahim Bakhsh as its President, ruled on his behalf until 1924. The Nawab served as an officer with the Indian Army, fighting in the Third Afghan War (1919) and commanding forces in the Middle East during the Second World War. In August 1947, the Nawab received the title of Amir of Bahawalpur, acceding his State to the Dominion of Pakistan a month later. In 1955, the Amir was promoted to General in the Pakistan Army and merged his state into West Pakistan. He died in 1966, aged 61. Under his rule Bahawalpur State comprised an area larger than Denmark or Belgium, By 1947, Bahawalpur State’s institutions, largely set up by successive British advisors with support from the rulers, consisted of departments run by trained civil servants; there was a Ministerial Cabinet headed by a Prime Minister; the State Bank was the Bank of Bahawalpur with branches outside the State also, including Karachi; there was a high court and lower courts; a trained police force and an army commanded by officers trained at the Royal Indian Military Academy at Dehra Doon. Nawab had a keen interest in education, which was free till A level and the State’s Government provided scholarships of merit for higher education. In 1951, the Nawab donated 500 acres in Bahawalpur for the construction of Sadiq Public School. Nawab was known for his relationship with the Quaid-i-Azam, Founder of Pakistan.

Early life[edit]

Darbar Mahal, was the primary palace of the Nawab
Derawar Fort, the birthplace of the Nawab

Sir Sadeq Muhammad Khan Abbasi was born at Derawar on 29 September 1904, the only son and heir of Haji Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan Abbasi V, Nawab of the state of Bahawalpur. When only two and a half, his father fell ill and died while at sea off the Aden coast, on 15 February 1907, leaving Sadeq as ruler of Bahawalpur. He was educated at Aitchison College, Lahore. At the age of 15, Sadeq fought in the Third Afghan War in 1919, was knighted in 1922 when he reached his majority and was invested with the throne two years later by Lord Reading. In 1929 he visited Egypt and was a guest of the King. Very fond of cars, he bought a Rolls Royce Phantom car, 45WR, body by Thrupp & Maberly, one of the two Cars on display at the Cairo Show. [Here he contracted a marriage with an Ottoman princess, divorcing one of his previous wives. He signed the Muslim marriage certificate (Niqahon) on 6 October 1929. After signing the marriage certificate a way was sought to bring them to Bahawalpur. Sadeq valued education and cultural sophistication in women, but HIH Princess Hamide Nermin Nezahat Sultan (27 January 1923? – 7 November 1998), lacked these. She had received no formal education but was skilled in needlework and liked playing card games. She could read and write, but only in Turkish and French. HIH Princess Hamide Nermin Nezahat Sultan was considered gentle, virtuous, and docile, qualities that made her a suitable candidate for Sadeq. Hamide Nermin Nezahat Sultan was described as tall and slim, "of middling beauty, and of very assured and resolute countenance". She was dark haired, with a rather swarthy complexion, appeared solemn by Pakistani standards, and looked old for her age. [ Her father HIH Prince Şehzade Mahmud Sevket Efendi (Ortaköy Palace, Constantinople, 20 July 1903 – 1 February 1973) was son of Sultan Abdul Aziz I,and was excluded from the Imperial House in 1931, married firstly in Skutari/Istanbul on 4 May 1922 and divorced in 1928 his cousin HH Princess Adile Hanımsultan Hanım Efendi (Ortaköy Palace, 12 November 1900 – February 1979), and had one daughter. She is shown born 1923, see Wikipedia under Abdul Aziz I) and marriage date here would make her six years old at the time of marriage to Nawab of Bahawalpur.Sadiq. After the first meeting, Sadiq was extremely disappointed with his new bride. He found HIH Princess Hamide Nermin Nezahat Sultan humorless and boring. After two years, the marriage ended in divorce.]

Ruler of Bahawalpur[edit]

Noor Mahal in Bahawalpur, was one of many palaces of the Nawab

The Bahawalpur State under his rule was considered to be an important sovereign state in Punjab. The Bahawalpur State had a special privilege as it was larger than some states of the present time like Lebanon, Kuwait, Israel and Denmark in respect of area. Its population was two times more than the total population of United Arab Emirates. Its rulers also enjoyed special protocol and titles conferred by the British since 1866 as they were accorded 17 canons salute and had special access to the Viceroy of British India Bahawalpur state also had a separate mint to cast coins for its public and the facility remained intact until 1940. The British Government established a Regency Council under the supervision of 39 Maulvi Sir Rahim Bakhsh until the minor Nawab grew up as a young man. This Council was responsible for state administration. Special attention was paid to the education and upbringing of Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan. He started his education at a college in Lahore and completed it in England. He had an aptitude for military affairs and achieved several military titles, conferred on him by the British Empire. The Viceroy of India, Lord Reading awarded total authority of the state administration to Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan (V) on 8 March 1924.[1]

Sir Sadeq continued his military career in the British Indian Army, which he had begun as a Lieutenant in 1921; by 1932 he was a Major, by 1941 a Lieutenant-Colonel, commanding troops in the Middle East during the Second World War. Since 1933, he had also been a Member of the Chamber of Princes, and since 1940, a member of the Indian Defence Council. Promoted to Major-General in 1946, the following year, on 15 August 1947, Sir Sadeq was promoted to the title of Amir of Bahawalpur. He acceded to the Dominion of Pakistan a month later.

Later life and death[edit]

After Partition of India Nawab proved to be very helpful and generous to the government of Pakistan. He gave seventy million rupees to the government and the salaries of all the government departments for one month were also drawn from the treasury of Bahawalpur state. He gave his private property to the University of the Punjab, King Edward Medical College and the Mosque of Aitchison College, Lahore. At the time of partition all the princely states of the subcontinent were given a choice to join either Pakistan or India. To try to convince the Nawab to join India, Pandit Nehru went to him while he was in London and offered various incentives in this regard but he didn’t accept them. On 5 October 1947 he signed an agreement with the government of Pakistan according to which Bahawalpur State acceded to Pakistan. Thus the State of Bahawalpur was the first state that joined Pakistan. The main factor was of course the Islamic sentiments of the Muslims who were in the majority in Bahawalpur. Moreover, the Nawab and Quaid-i-Azam were close friends and they had great respect for each other, even before the creation of Pakistan. The Ameer of Bahawalpur Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation Fund was instituted in 1947 for providing a central organization for the relief of refugees fleeing from the new India, and the Quaid acknowledged the valuable contribution of the Bahawalpur State for the rehabilitation of the refugees.[2]

In 1953, Sir Sadeq represented Pakistan at the installation of Faisal II of Iraq and also at the coronation of Elizabeth II, who was also the new Queen of Pakistan. In 1955 an accord was signed between Sadeq Mohammad and Governor-General Malik Ghulam Muhammad, according to which the State of Bahawalpur would become part of the province of West Pakistan and the Nawab was to receive a yearly stipend, or privy purse, of 32 lakhs of rupees and was to keep the title of Nawab and its precedence both inside and outside Pakistan. In May 1966 Nawab Sadeq died in London, which ended his long 59 years as Nawab and Ameer of Bahawalpur; his body was brought back to Bahawalpur and was buried in his family's ancestral graveyard at Derawer Fort. His eldest son Haji Muhammad Abbas Khan Abbasi Bahadur succeeded to his father's title of Nawab of Bahawalpur, but with no administrative power. His grandson Nawab Salah-ud-din Ahmed Abbasi currently holds the title of Nawab.[3][4][5]

Titles[edit]

  • 1904–1907: Nawabzada Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi, Wali Ahad Bahadur
  • 1907–1921: His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur.
  • 1921–1922: Lieutenant His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur
  • 1922–1924: Lieutenant His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, KCVO
  • 1924–1929: Captain His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, KCVO
  • 1929–1931: Captain His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, KCSI, KCVO
  • 1931–1932: Captain His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, GCIE, KCSI, KCVO
  • 1932–1935: Major His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, GCIE, KCSI, KCVO
  • 1935–1941: Major His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Hajji Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, GCIE, KCSI, KCVO
  • 1941–1946: Lieutenant-Colonel His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Hajji Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, GCSI, GCIE, KCVO
  • 1946–1947: Major-General His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Hajji Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, GCSI, GCIE, KCVO
  • 1947–1955: Major-General His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Hajji Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Amir of the God-gifted Kingdom of Bahawalpur, GCSI, GCIE, KCVO
  • 1955–1959: General His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Hajji Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Amir of the God-gifted Kingdom of Bahawalpur, GCSI, GCIE, KCVO
  • 1959–1966: General His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Hajji Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Amir of the God-gifted Kingdom of Bahawalpur, GCSI, GCIE, KCVO, NQA

Honours[edit]

(ribbon bar, as it would look today; incomplete)

Ord.Stella.India.jpg Order of the Indian Empire ribbon.png Royal Victorian Order ribbon sm.jpg

1914 1915 Star ribbon bar.svg British War Medal BAR.svg Victory Medal ribbon bar.svg India General Service Medal 1909 BAR.svg

39-45 Star BAR.svg Africa Star BAR.svg Burma Star BAR.svg Italy Star BAR.svg

Defence Medal BAR.svg War Medal 39-45 BAR.svg GeorgeVSilverJubileum-ribbon.png GeorgeVICoronationRibbon.png

UK Queen EII Coronation Medal ribbon.svg PakistanIndependenceMedalRibbon.jpg Ord.2River-ribbon.gif LBN National Order of the Cedar - Grand Cordon BAR.png

[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BAHAWALPUR: The Abbasi Dynasty". Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan V". Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Gill, Majeed (28 February 2008). "Nawab family scion’s name doing the rounds: Governor’s slot". Dawn. Retrieved 10 March 2010. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Bahawalpur Ittehad enters the fray". Dawn. 18 August 2003. Retrieved 10 March 2010. [dead link]
  5. ^ "BAHAWALPUR: Auction of Nawab's articles delayed yet again". Dawn. 26 April 2004. Retrieved 10 March 2010. [dead link]
  6. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Sadeq Mohammad Khan V
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mohammad Bahawal Khan V
Nawab of Bahawalpur
1907–1955
Succeeded by
Muhammad Abbas Khan Abbasi Bahadur