|Directed by||B.R. Chopra|
|Produced by||B.R. Chopra|
|Written by||Mukhram Sharma|
|Music by||Datta Naik|
|Cinematography||M. N. Malhotra|
|Editing by||Pran Mehra|
|Distributed by||B. R. Films|
|Running time||137 minutes|
Sadhna (Hindi: साधना; Urdu: سادھنا; translation: Realize, also transliterated as Sadhana) is a 1958 Black-and-white Social guidance Hindi film produced and directed by B. R. Chopra. The film stars Vyjayanthimala and Sunil Dutt in the lead with Leela Chitnis, Radhakrishan, Manmohan Krishna, Uma Dutt, Ravikant forms an ensemble cast. The story, screenplay and dialogue was penned by Mukhram Sharma. The film revolves around Rajini (Vyjayanthimala), a prostitute's love affair with a professor (Sunil Dutt).
The story revolves around professor Mohan who lives with his ailing mother and his mother would like him to get married but he oppose for this. Suddenly his mother loses consciousness and is not expected to live long and only way the son has to save her is to get married. So he brings a woman Rajini who is then introduced to his mother. Now His mother's health improves and his mother is so pleased with Rajini that she even gives her the family jewels. Then the mother and son receive the shattering news that the Rajini is actually a prostitute.
Professor Mohan (Sunil Dutt) is a morally upright, honest young man living with his beloved mother (Leela Chitnis), who is singleminded in her pursuit of one goal. Mohan teaches literature and poetry at a nearby college. During one lesson about a nobleman who has fallen for a prostitute, he makes his feelings about dancing girls quite clear. Not long after, his mother, who is running a fever, falls down the stairs in their home and is unconscious. The doctor is called, injections are given, the neighbors all come crowding in, and much shaking of the head ensues, but she finally regains her senses long enough to say this. The doctor pronounces his judgment that with the medication, she will get better; but the packed-in neighbors are much more gloomy. They all file out, still muttering amongst themselves. One of the neighbors, Jeevan (Radhakrishan), has creditors hounding him, and he sees a little opportunity to make some money. He tells Mohan that he knows a girl who might be persuaded to pose as his fiancee for a few days, but her father will probably want money. Mohan of course is willing at this point to do anything and agrees to give Jeevan whatever he wants. Jeevan goes to see Champabai, a local tawaif. He negotiates a price with her for posing as Mohan’s fiancee for the evening. She puts on a demure sari and he takes her to see his mother and meet Mohan. His mother wakes up long enough to bless her before falling back into a deep sleep. Champa for her part is unimpressed by either mother or son and mocks them when she gets home. Jeevan gives her money, which is promptly pocketed by the brothel owner Lallubhai. The next day Mohan's mom asks to see “Rajani” again, and Mohan asks Jeevan to bring her again that evening—Jeevan has told Mohan that she is the daughter of a distant relative. In any case, Champa/Rajani is bowled over by the expensive jewelry that Mohan's mom shows her as the family bride-to-be. She decides to forgo her fee, to Jeevan’s dismay, in favor of pretending to have real feelings for Mohan until she can find an opportunity to steal it. She soon does, as one day Mohan's mom gives her the bridal sari and jewelry to take home and try on. She puts on her finery for her customers that evening, and they make fun of her. She flees in humiliation and the jewels she put on so happily moments before now feel like they are scalding her. Her customers sing a lively qawwali to try and coax her out. But when she emerges, this time in her dance costume, they laugh at her again and she realizes that she means nothing to them, they don’t think of her as a person with feelings or emotions. The next day, subdued, she brings back the jewelry and bridal sari to Ma, who is recovering nicely. Ma’s warm greeting and kind affection makes her feel even worse. Meanwhile, Mohan has fallen for Rajani, and he wants to speak to her father. Jeevan puts him off, and he returns home to find Rajani there. He expresses his affection gently, and she tells him that she is not worthy. She leaves sadly, and the next evening refuses to dance for her customers. Lallu’s threats don’t move her either, and she throws him out after an impassioned speech about how he has been living off her earnings for years. He goes, but vows that he will make her dance in the bazaar. She goes to see Jeevan and makes him promise that he won’t tell Mohan the truth about her, not because she thinks she has a future with him, but because she can’t bear to become a lesser woman in his eyes. Soon after that, Mohan sees Rajani walking in the street. When he calls her name she flees, and he follows her to her house. Mohan is horrified and angry. He tells his bewildered mother that he will never see Rajani again.
- Vyjayanthimala as Champabai / Rajani
- Sunil Dutt as Professor Mohan
- Leela Chitnis as Mohan's mother
- Radhakrishan as Jeevan Ram
- Manmohan Krishna as Lallubhai
- Uma Dutt as Pahelwan
- Ravikant as Doctor
- Art Department
- Sant Singh as the Art director
- R.G. Gaekwad as the assistant art director
- Sound Department
- Jaywant S. Worlikar as the Audiographer
- S. N. Modi as the assistant audiographer
- S. N. Sharma as the assistant audiographer
- Makeup Department
- Shanker Ram Jadhav as the Make-up artist
- Ram Singh as the assistant make-up artist
- Costume and Wardrobe Department
- Vasant as the Costume designer
- Camera and Electrical Department
- Dharam Chopra as the Camera operator
- Roshanlal Sharma as the Unit still photographer
- Vithal Narayan as the Focus puller
- P. R. L. Raman as the Clapper loader
- Editorial Department
- Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
- O. P. Bedi as the Assistant director
- Yash Chopra as the Assistant director
- Balbir Kumar as the Assistant director
- Other crew
- G. D. Bhadsavle as the Publicist
- Jaikishan as the Production assistant
- Laxmi Narayan Yadav as the Production assistant
- C. L. Kapoor as the Production executive
- C. V. K. Sastry as the Production Controller
- Mohanlal Harkishenlal Sibal as the Presenter
- B. Sohanlal as the Choreographer
- Bhadrakumar Yagnik as the Public relations
For the lead role of Champabai, who is a prostitute, the initial consideration for that role was actress Nimmi, but she hesitated to enact a role of a prostitute and reject the offer which was instrumental in her career decline by the late 1950s. Later, actress Vyjayanthimala who previously worked with B.R. Chopra in Naya Daur (1957) agreed to be part of the film immediately after hearing the script from the director. Furthermore, Yash Chopra, the younger brother of B.R. Chopra, was an assistant director during the making of Sadhna. B. R. Chopra later gave him his break as a director the next year with Dhool Ka Phool (1959).
|Soundtrack album by Datta Naik|
|Label||The Gramophone Company of India|
|Datta Naik chronology|
|1||"Aurat Ne Janam Diya Mardon Ko"||Lata Mangeshkar||Feature actress Vyjayanthimala||05:48||Sahir Ludhianvi|
|2||"Kahoji Tum Kya Kya Kharidoge"||Lata Mangeshkar||Mujras on actress Vyjayanthimala||04:10||Sahir Ludhianvi|
|3||"Aaj Kyon Humse Parda Hai"||Mohammed Rafi, Bhupinder Singh||Picturisation on actress Vyjayanthimala||04:59||Sahir Ludhianvi|
|4||"Tora Manva Kyon Ghabraye"||Geeta Dutt||Featuring actress Vyjayanthimala, Leela Chitnis and Sunil Dutt||04:34||Sahir Ludhianvi||Female version|
|5||"Tora Manva Kyon Ghabraye"||Mohammed Rafi||Featuring actress Vyjayanthimala, Leela Chitnis and Sunil Dutt||04:34||Sahir Ludhianvi||Male version|
|6||"Sambhal Aye Dil"||Mohammed Rafi, Asha Bhosle||Featuring actor Vyjayanthimala and Sunil Dutt||03:27||Sahir Ludhianvi|
|7||"Aise Vaise Thikane Pe Jana Bura Hai"||Lata Mangeshkar||Featuring the lead pair||05:53||Sahir Ludhianvi|
Sadhna received largely positive reviews from the critics and was one of the most critically acclaimed film of the year. Vijay Lokapally from The Hindu said, "Among the great movies made on the subject of helpless women versus society, Sadhna holds its own for its realistic portrayal and treatment of a subject, so aesthetically documented by Chopra and Vyjayanthimala". While actress Vyjayanthimala was praised by the reviewer whose performance was described as "gorgeous when she entertains the clients at her kotha" and "stunningly restrained when she assumes the character of a prospective wife". Adding to that, "she slips in and out of the two challenging and contrasting roles with élan, a remarkable feat for an artiste who was only 22 and hardly 10-films old when she signed to play this difficult but decisive role in her dazzling career" and concluded that "the movie is all about Vyjayanthimala’s skills as a dancer and an actor[...]is captivating in her dancing numbers[...]The Filmfare Award for Best Actress that year could not have gone to anyone else even though she was also nominated in the same category for Madhumati."
Similarly, the Rediff's reviewer Dinesh Raheja has commented that, "Sadhna was quite progressive in its approach, boldly dealt with a prostitute's love story with a literature professor[...]it dared to portray not just the often seen tragic trajectory of a prostitute's life and times, but a happy ending as well". Furthermore Raheja added that, "Though Chopra's narrative style is conventional, he needs to be commended for attempting a reformist tale". The music director Datta Naik and the lyricist Sahir Ludhianvi was praised for their involvement, especially the "Aurat Ne Janam Diya Mardon Ko" was described as "crowning glory" and "hair-raising" song of the film.
At the end of its theatrical run, the film grossed around 1,60,00,000 with nett gross of 80,00,000, thus becomes the fifth highest grossing film of 1958 with verdict hit at box office. According to Ibosnetwork.com, the film had been grossed at about 80.00 lakhs and its adjust to inflation gross is about 213.42 crore. The film was the second direct box office hit film for the B. R. Films banner after Naya Daur (1957). After Sadhna which made Chopra financially the most-viable banner, the top heroes and heroines were prepared to work with him at half their remuneration for the box office guarantee offered by his banner.
|Filmfare Awards||6th Filmfare Awards||Best Movie||B. R. Chopra||Nominated||
|Best Supporting Actress||Leela Chitnis||Nominated|
|Best Story||Mukhram Sharma||Won|
|Best Lyricist||Sahir Ludhianvi||"Aurat Ne Janam Diya"||Nominated|
- Indo-Asian News Service (05-11-2008). "B.R. Chopra - master of socially relevant filmmaking". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- Press Trust of India (06-11-2008). "B.R.Chopra made socially relevant films". The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
- Press Trust of India (19-04-2008). "Festival of B R Chopra's film inaugurated". The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- Karan Bali. "Nimmi". Upperstall.com. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- Dinesh Raheja (13-02-2003). "Petite powerhouse Nimmi". Rediff. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- Dinesh Raheja (06-05-2002). "Vyjayanthimala: Bollywood's dancing queen". Rediff. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- Dinesh Raheja (29-06-2002). "Sadhana: a reformist tale". Rediff. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
- "Sadhna (1958)". Boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
- Vijay Lokapally (13-12-2008). "Blast From The Past: Sadhna 1958". The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
- "Box Office 1958". Boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
- "Sadhna". Ibosnetwork.com. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
- Times News Network (06-05-2002). "Part-II: Big B in Rs 25-cr BR Chopra film". The Times of India. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- Subhash Chheda. "1958: Year that was". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 24-04-1998. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- "The Winners 1958". Indiatimes. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
- "The Nominations - 1958". Indiatimes. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
- Dinesh Raheja (06-05-2002). "Vyjayanthimala: Bollywood's Dancing Queen". Rediff. Retrieved 2011-12-06.