|Prime Minister of Sudan|
May 6, 1986 – June 30, 1989
|Preceded by||al-Jazuli Dafalla|
|Succeeded by||Post abolished|
July 27, 1966 – May 18, 1967
|Preceded by||Muhammad Ahmad Mahgoub|
|Succeeded by||Muhammad Ahmad Mahgoub|
|Born||December 25, 1935
Al-Abasya, Omdurman, Sudan
|Political party||Umma Party|
Sadiq al-Mahdi (Arabic: الصادق المهدي) (also known as Sadiq Al Siddiq, born December 25, 1935) is a Sudanese political and religious figure who was Prime Minister of Sudan from 1966 to 1967 and again from 1986 to 1989. He is head of the National Umma Party and Imam of the Ansar, a sufi sect that pledges allegiance to Muhammad Ahmad, who claimed to be Islam's messianic saviour, or the Mahdi.
Sadiq al-Mahdi was born on December 25, 1935 in Al-Abasya, Omdurman, Sudan. He is the grandson of Sayyid Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi, founder of the Umma party, and great-grandson of Mohamed Ahmed Al-Mahdi, the Sudanese sufi sheikh of the Samaniyya order and self-proclaimed Mahdi who led the Mahdist War to reclaim Sudan from Anglo-Egyptian rule. He is also the paternal uncle of Sudanese-British actor Alexander Siddig, who is best known for his role as Dr. Julian Bashir on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine.
First term as Prime Minister (1966-1967)
Second term as Prime Minister (1986-1989)
In 1986, Sadiq formed a coalition government comprising the Umma Party (which he led); the National Islamic Front (led by his brother-in-law, Hassan al-Turabi); the Democratic Unionist Party (led by al-Sayyid Muhammad Othman al-Mirghani); and four small Southern parties. On June 30, 1989, his government was overthrown in a coup led by Colonel Omar al-Bashir. The post of Prime Minister of Sudan was then abolished.
1989 coup and afterwards
Mahdi has continued to lead the Umma Party, in opposition to Bashir, since being ousted in the 30 June 1989 coup d'état led by Colonel Omar al'Bashir. He spent a period in exile but eventually returned to Sudan in November 2000. He ran unsuccessfully for the 2010 presidential elections, pledging not to hand Bashir to the International Criminal Court to faces charges of crimes against humanity and war crimes, arguing that it would destabilise the country.
He is the author of a variety of scholarly and political books, including The Southern Question (1964); Speeches in Exile (1976); Questions on Mahadism (1979); Legitimate Penalties and Their Position in the Islamic Social System (1987); Democracy in Sudan: Will Return and Triumph (1990); Challenges of the Nineties (1991).
- "Sadig Al-Mahdi". Club De Madrid. 2007-09-12. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- Warburg, Gabriel (2003). Islam, sectarianism, and politics in Sudan since the Mahdiyya. Univ of Wisconsin Press. p. 171. ISBN 0-299-18294-0.
- Gamal Nkrumah (15–21 July 2004). "Sadig Al-Mahdi: The comeback king". Al-Ahram. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Gayle Stever (1998, 2008). "Sid’s Biography". Sidcity.net. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
- Lydia Polgreen and Jeffrey Gettleman, "Sudan Rallies Behind Leader Reviled Abroad", The New York Times, July 28, 2008.
- Political Parties of the World (6th edition, 2005), ed. Bogdan Szajkowski, page 113.
- (English) The Club of Madrid is an independent non-profit organization composed of 81 democratic former Presidents and Prime Ministers from 57 different countries. It constitutes the world´s largest forum of former Heads of State and Government, who have come together to respond to a growing demand for support among leaders in democratic leadership, governance, crisis and post-crisis situations. All lines of work share the common goal of building functional and inclusive societies, where the leadership experience of our Members is most valuable.
- Helen Chapin Metz, ed.,"Umma Party", Sudan: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1991.