Sa'eed bin Zaid
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|Saīd bin Zaid|
|Abu-al-Aawar, Blessed Companion, Disciple of Muhammad|
|Born||c. 593-594 C.E.
|Died||c. 673 C.E. (aged 80)|
Sa'īd bin Zayd, (Arabic: سعيد بن زيد), was one of the Ṣaḥābah (Arabic: الصحابة "companions"), the companions of Muhammad. He is also nicknamed "Abu-al-Aawar". He was born in 593-4 AD and was an early convert to Islam  "Said (Saīd) was not yet twenty when he embraced Islâm." that was before 613. His young and steadfast wife Fatimah, daughter of al-Khattab and sister of Umar, also accepted Islâm early.He was from the one of The Ten Promised Paradise. He died in 673.
- Sa'īd bin Zayd was the son of Zayd bin Amr.
- Khattab bin Nufayl was the father of Umar bin al-Khattab, the second Sunni Caliph.
- Before Islam, Sa'īd's father, Zayd bin Amr was a hanif, a follower of the monotheistic tradition of Abraham, and hence never worshipped idols nor ate meat slaughtered in the name of idols. The Quraysh harassed him for this, and his uncle Khattab bin Nufayl became one of his main tormentors.
He was a great man and is also the one of the best role models in Islam.
- Sa'īd eventually married Fatimah bint al-Khattab, and both became Muslims and hid their faith from Umar, the wife's brother, until the wife managed to contribute to Umar becoming a Muslim as well.
During the lifetime of Muhammad
In his early career, he served as the secretary of the Prophet and recorded the verses of the Quran which were revealed to the Prophet. History record that Sa'īd bin Zayd was a pious man and he never did anything throughout his life against the teachings of Muhammad. It is said that ‘Sa'īd always covered Muhammad keeping himself ahead and in front of him in battle and always stood behind him in prayers. He took part in a number of battles, even after the death of Muhammad, for the sake of Islam, and fought very bravely.
He participated in all of the battles in which Muhammad participated personally with the exception of the battle of Badr. Muhammad had sent Talha and Sa'īd bin Zayd to get information on the movement of the Quraysh army. They missed the Quraysh army and by the time they returned, the battle had been won by the Muslims. However, both of them were given their share of the war trophies of the battle.
During the time of the Caliphs
Sa'īd bin Zayd was offered the office of a Governor on account of his courage and administrative abilities, but he did not accept it.
Once he was appointed Governor of Damascus without his consent. He wrote to Abu ‘Ubayda, “I am unable to offer such a sacrifice. You will perform Jihad while I will be deprived of it. Please send someone else to replace me as soon as you receive this letter. I am coming to you soon.” Later, he fought as an ordinary soldier in all the battles which were waged for the cause of Islam.
He is said to have passed the rest of his life in perfect peace and did not ever incline towards the mundane pleasures of life.
He disliked taking oaths. Once he had to attend a court of law in connection with a suit. The judge asked him to speak on oath. He withdrew his case and abandoned his claim. His submission to faith, his fear of Allah, and his services for the cause of Islam, earned him the glad tidings from Muhammad during his lifetime that he would enter the Eternal Gardens in the life hereafter.
- see Sai'd ibn Zaid in Dictionary of Islam by T.P. Hughes, 1885/1999, New Delhi, page 555.
- TP Hughes, p.555.
- Hughes, p.555.