Safi, Morocco

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Safi
Asfi / ⴰⵙⴼⵉ / أسفي
View on the port and the coastline of Safi
View on the port and the coastline of Safi
Coat of arms of Safi
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Asfi
Safi is located in Morocco
Safi
Safi
Location in Morocco
Coordinates: 32°17′N 9°14′W / 32.283°N 9.233°W / 32.283; -9.233
Country Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco
Region Doukkala-Abda
Population (2004)
 • Total 282,227

Safi (Berber: Asfi, ⴰⵙⴼⵉ; Arabic: أسفي‎, Portuguese: Safim) is a city in western Morocco on the Atlantic Ocean. The capital of the Doukkala-Abda Region, it has a population of 282,227 (2004 census),[1] but is also the centre of an agglomeration which has an estimated 793,000 inhabitants (1987). The city was under protectorate by the Portuguese Empire from 1488 to 1541, while the fortress built to protect the city, under Portuguese rule is still there today. Safi is the main fishing port for the country's sardine industry, and also exports phosphates, textiles and ceramics. During the Second World War, Safi was one of the landing sites for Operation Torch.

Etymology[edit]

The city's name as it is locally pronounced is "Asfi", which was Latinized as "Safi" and "Safim" under Portuguese rule. "Asfi" means flood or river estuary in Berber and comes from the Berber root "sfi/sfey" which means to flood, to spill or to pour.

11th-century geographer Al-Idrisi gave an apparently false explanation to the origin the name "Asfi" as he linked it to the Arabic word "Asaf" (regret); Asafi (my regret). He based this claim on a strange story about some sailors from al-Andalus who sailed to discover the other end of the Atlantic ocean but got lost and landed on some island where the natives captured them and sent them back on their ships blindfolded. The ships eventually ended on the shores of "Asfi" and locals helped the lost sailors and told them that they were two months away from their native land al-Andalus. Upon hearing this one of the sailors responded by saying: "Wa asafi" (Oh my regret). Al-Idrisi wrote that from that time the city carried the name "Asafi". This story is thought to be a legend and unlikely explanation of the origin of the name.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Safi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18
(64)
18
(65)
20
(68)
21
(69)
22
(72)
24
(75)
27
(81)
28
(82)
27
(80)
24
(75)
21
(70)
18
(65)
22.3
(72.2)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(47)
10
(50)
11
(51)
12
(54)
14
(58)
17
(62)
19
(67)
20
(68)
19
(66)
16
(60)
13
(55)
10
(50)
14.1
(57.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 50
(1.97)
48
(1.89)
41
(1.61)
30
(1.18)
15
(0.59)
5
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(0.2)
36
(1.42)
64
(2.52)
61
(2.4)
355
(13.98)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

History[edit]

Safi, under the name Safim (Zaffim or Asfi), is one of the oldest cities in Morocco, hence its foundation date is unknown. According to historian Mohammed al-Kanuni, Safi must be identified with the ancient Thymiaterion or Carcunticus and was founded by the Carthaginian Hanno during his Periplus as related by Pliny the Elder.[4]

Under the Almohads it functioned as an important port to the capital Marrakesh.

The city was under Portuguese rule from 1488 to 1541; it is believed that they abandoned it to the Saadians (who were at war with them), since the city proved difficult to defend from land attacks. The Portuguese fortress built to protect the city is still there today.

After 1541, the city played a major role in Morocco as one of the safest and biggest seaports in the country. Many ambassadors to the Saadian and Alaouite kings during the 16th–18th centuries came to Morocco via Asfi; its proximity to Marrakech, then capital of Morocco, helped expand the maritime trade in the city.
Louis De Chénier, consul of the French court in Morocco in 1767, reported that the city was the only usable seaport at the time.

A French Navy captive, Bidé de Maurville, who wrote the account of his stay in Morocco in his 1765 book Relations de l'affaire de Larache, reported the presence of an important number of foreign trading houses in the city : Dutch, Danish, British and French.

After the Sultan Mohammed ben Abdallah built the city of Mogador, he banned foreign trade in all Moroccan ports except in his newly built city. Consequently Safi stopped playing a leading role in the Moroccan trade.

Safi's patron saint is Abu Mohammed Salih.

Attractions[edit]

The central medina is a traditional Moroccan market. It is closely affiliated with pottery, and throughout the market vases, plates and other items are all made from clay and are popular with tourists. Safi has a beach, although it is recommended to travel north along the coastal road (Sidi Bouzid) towards Oualidia, where stretches of beaches run all the way along the route (Lalla Fatna, Beddouza, Iyir)

Sport[edit]

Football and rugby are popular sports in Safi. The local football team Olympic Safi have been competing in Morocco's premier football division, Botola, since 2004.
The Rugby Union team of the same name is one of Morocco's best, having won the "Coupe du Trône" several times.

Notable people from Safi[edit]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2004 Morocco Population census
  2. ^ Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco Services Company, Saudi Aramco (1991). Aramco world , Volumes 42-43. Aramco. p. 12. 
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Safi, Morocco". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  4. ^ Vincent J. Cornell, Realm of the Saint: Power and Authority in Moroccan Sufism, p. 326

I think you putting too much emphasis on the Portuguese influence in Asafi, this is a quit essential Arab city through through and no one could dispute that fact, may be you nedd a course in Arab history to start to state your facts correctly. and by the way thanks to arab who kept your ancestors safe in morocco and Spain. when it comes to the Arabs your journal always seem to minimize their achievements.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°17′N 9°14′W / 32.283°N 9.233°W / 32.283; -9.233