Saga, Saga

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Saga
佐賀市
City
Saga City
Flag of Saga
Flag
Location of Saga in Saga Prefecture
Location of Saga in Saga Prefecture
Saga is located in Japan
Saga
Saga
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 33°16′N 130°18′E / 33.267°N 130.300°E / 33.267; 130.300Coordinates: 33°16′N 130°18′E / 33.267°N 130.300°E / 33.267; 130.300
Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefecture Saga Prefecture
Area
 • Total 431.42 km2 (166.57 sq mi)
Population (February 1, 2009)
 • Total 238,934
 • Density 554/km2 (1,430/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Ginkgo
- Flower Camellia sasanqua
Address 1-1 Sakaemachi, Saga-shi, Saga-ken
840-8501
Phone number 0952-24-3151
Website City of Saga

Saga (佐賀市 Saga-shi?) is the capital city of Saga Prefecture, located on the island of Kyushu, Japan.

Saga was the capital of Saga Domain in the Edo period, and largest city of former Hizen Province.

As of February 1, 2009, the city has an estimated population of 238,934 and a population density of 554 persons per km². The total area is 431.42 km².

On October 1, 2005, Saga absorbed the towns of Fuji, Morodomi and Yamato (all from Saga District) and the village of Mitsuse (from Kanzaki District) to create the new and expanded city of Saga. With this creation, the city now neighbors the city of Fukuoka (in Fukuoka Prefecture).

On October 1, 2007 the towns of Higashiyoka, Kawasoe, and Kubota (all from Saga District) were also incorporated into Saga, further expanding its borders.

Although Saga is the capital of Saga Prefecture, it can also be said to be within the Greater Fukuoka metropolitan area, and by extension, Fukuoka-Kitakyushu Metropolitan Area.

Geography[edit]

Saga City is located in the southeast portion of Saga Prefecture. After the 2005 merger the city became very long north to south. It now borders the Ariake Sea to the south and Fukuoka Prefecture to the southeast and north. The northern half of the city contains the Sefuri Mountains.

Climate[edit]

Saga has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).The annual average precipitation ranges from about 1800 mm (71 in) in the city center to about 2400 mm (94 in) in Mitsuse. The annual average temperature ranges from about 13 °C (55 °F) in Mitsuse to 17 °C (63 °F) in the city center.

Climate data for Saga, Saga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
10.6
(51.1)
14.6
(58.3)
20.3
(68.5)
24.8
(76.6)
27.4
(81.3)
30.9
(87.6)
32.4
(90.3)
28.6
(83.5)
23.5
(74.3)
17.7
(63.9)
12.1
(53.8)
21.03
(69.86)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
6.0
(42.8)
9.3
(48.7)
14.8
(58.6)
19.2
(66.6)
22.8
(73)
26.8
(80.2)
27.6
(81.7)
23.7
(74.7)
17.9
(64.2)
12.4
(54.3)
7.2
(45)
16.06
(60.9)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
2.0
(35.6)
4.7
(40.5)
10.0
(50)
14.3
(57.7)
18.9
(66)
23.6
(74.5)
23.9
(75)
19.9
(67.8)
13.3
(55.9)
7.9
(46.2)
3.1
(37.6)
11.9
(53.42)
Precipitation mm (inches) 62.0
(2.441)
73.5
(2.894)
113.7
(4.476)
171.3
(6.744)
190.0
(7.48)
321.6
(12.661)
341.4
(13.441)
178.2
(7.016)
175.0
(6.89)
96.8
(3.811)
68.5
(2.697)
44.4
(1.748)
1,836.4
(72.299)
Snowfall cm (inches) 6
(2.4)
5
(2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
12
(4.8)
 % humidity 71 70 68 70 71 76 80 77 76 72 72 73 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 117.5 120.6 160.9 161.7 182.5 143.7 169.4 210.1 164.4 174.2 141.4 123.1 1,869.5
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

Adjoining municipalities[edit]

Saga city center

History[edit]

Municipal timeline[edit]

  • April 1, 1889 - The modern municipal system was established and the city of Saga is founded. At the same time, the current city region is occupied by 21 villages from three districts.
    • Kanzaki District: Hasuike and Mitsuse.
    • Ogi District: Kitayama and Nanzan.
    • Saga District: Higashikawasoe, Honjō, Hyōgo, Kamino, Kase, Kasuga, Kawakami, Kinryū, Kitakawasoe, Kose, Kuboizumi, Matsuume, Nabeshima, Nikita, Nishiyoka, Oseki and Takakise.
  • June 6, 1899 - Kose changed the kanji of its name.
  • October 1, 1922 - Kamino was incorporated into Saga.
  • November 3, 1935 - Hasuike was elevated to town status.
  • March 31, 1954 - Hyōgo, Kase, Kose, Nishiyoka and Takakise were all incorporated into Saga.
  • October 1, 1954 - Honjō, Kinryū, Kitakawasoe, Kuboizumi and Nabeshima were all incorporated into Saga.
  • March 1, 1955 - Higashikawasoe and Nikita were merged to create the town of Morodomi.
  • October 1, 2005 - The towns of Fuji, Morodomi and Yamato (all from Saga District) and the village of Mitsuse (from Kanzaki District) were all incorporated into Saga. (population: 206,967 ; area: 355.15 km²)
  • October 1, 2007 - The towns of Higashiyoka, Kawasoe, and Kubota (all from Saga District) were all incorporated into Saga. (population: roughly 240,000 ; area: 431.42 km²)

Saga Castle[edit]

Standing out from many cultural assets is the plains castle within the city, Saga Castle. It is one of the rare castles in Japan surrounded by a wall rather than built on one. First built between 1591 to 1593, there was a fire in 1726. Renovated in 1728, there was yet another fire in 1835. Nabeshima Naomasa daimyo of the Nabeshima clan renovated it within two years and moved in. In 1874 it was a court building and a prefectural office. 1883 saw it become a junior school. The buildings were eventually replaced by modern school buildings.

Education[edit]

Saga city office

Universities[edit]

Senior High Schools[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

There is one airport inside the city of Saga, Saga Airport, located in the former town of Kawasoe. Before the opening of Saga Airport, Fukuoka Airport was the nearest airport. However, many people in Saga still use Fukuoka Airport due its greater number of routes and flights offered. There is an express bus which connects the two airports.

Rail[edit]

The south exit of Saga Station

Road[edit]

Attractions[edit]

Every fall Saga holds the "Saga International Balloon Fiesta" in the dry riverbed of the Kase River. A quarter of the visitors are from Saga. The number of visitors was about 15 million in 2005. Hot Air Balloonists from many countries enter this event.

Kakurintei Tea House located in the grounds of Kono Koen is a very quaint and picturesque Japanese tea house overlooking a pond.

Saga Castle (Also called the Saga Castle Historical Museum) is the largest reconstruction of a wooden building in Japan, with a total floor space of 2500 square meters and the historical atmosphere of the Saga Castle main keep.

Famous People from Saga[edit]

  • Shigeo Shingo, an industrial engineer who distinguished himself as one of the world’s leading experts on manufacturing practices.
  • Hidenori Chiwata, a singer whose song カサブタ (Kasabuta / "Scab") was used as a theme song in the anime Zatch Bell!.
  • Hanawa, singer and comedian. He released a CD about Saga city
  • Yasuko Matsuyuki, singer and actress known for her glamorous and sophisticated personality. She is mentioned in Hanawa's song as being one of the celebrities that won't admit being from Saga. She moved away from Saga at the age of 19 to be a model.
  • Yuna Katsuki (born Yohei Matsuyuki), singer and musician, of Lazy Knack, RED, The Flare, and Candelars, and also the younger brother of Yasuko Matsuyuki. He freely admits being from Saga, unlike his sister. Yuna's Official Website He moved to Tokyo at the age of 16.
  • Egashira 2:50, a comedian
  • Noriko Nakagoshi, an actress
  • Saga-Bwaga?

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Saga Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 

External links[edit]