Sagadat Nurmagambetov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sagadat Nurmagambetov
Birth name Sagadat Kozhahmetovich Nurmagambetov
Born (1924-05-25)25 May 1924
Kosym, Kazak ASSR, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
(now in Akmola Province, Kazakhstan)
Died 24 September 2013(2013-09-24) (aged 89)
Almaty, Kazakhstan
Allegiance Soviet Union Soviet Union (1942-1991)
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan (1991-1995)
Service/branch Red Army flag.svg Red Army / Soviet Army
Coat of arms military-of-kazakhstan.svg Ground Forces of Kazakhstan
Years of service 1942 - 1991
1991 - 1995
Rank Army general (Ret.)
Battles/wars
Awards

Soviet Union:
Hero of the Soviet Union — 1945 Hero of the Soviet Union

Kazakhstan:

Russian Federation:

Ukraine:

and other awards
Other work

Sagadat Kozhahmetovich Nurmagambetov (Kazakh: Сағадат Қожахметұлы Нұрмағамбетов, Russian: Сагадат Кожахметович Нурмагамбе́тов; 25 May 1924 – 24 September 2013) was a Soviet and Kazakhstani general who served as Chairman of Kazakhstan's State Defense Committee in 1991-1992 and Kazakhstan's first Minister of Defense following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, holding the office of Defense Minister from May 1992 to November 1995. He was an adviser to Nursultan Nazarbayev in 1995-1996.

Nurmagambetov began his military career as a machine gun platoon commander in the Red Army in World War II. He was promoted to machine gun company and infantry battalion commander, earning the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union in February 1945. His battalion went on to storm the Reich Chancellory at the Battle of Berlin in April 1945. Nurmagambetov graduated from the Frunze Military Academy after World War II and rose to become one of the highest-ranked Kazakh officers in the peacetime Soviet Army, attaining the rank of colonel-general. He retired from the military of Kazakhstan as an army general in 1995. Nurmagambetov was named a People's Hero of Kazakhstan in 1994, becoming the first Kazakhstani to receive this honor.

Biography[edit]

Nurmagambetov was born on 25 May 1924 in the settlement of Kosym in the Kazak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Russian SFSR (later Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic), now in the Akmola Province in Kazakhstan.[1] He joined the Red Army in 1942. He received accelerated machine gun officer's training at the 1st Turkestan Machine Gun School in Kushka, Turkmen SSR (now Serhetabat in Turkmenistan) and was sent to the front lines of the Eastern Front of World War II in April 1943. He led a machine gun platoon, a machine gun company, and infantry battalion and was awarded the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union with the Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union (medal no. 5214) and the Order of Lenin by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on 27 February 1945. He fought in the Battle of Berlin and led his battalion's troops in the storming of Berlin's Reich Chancellery in April 1945.[1]

Nurmagambetov attended the Frunze Military Academy from June 1946 until his graduation from the Academy in November 1949, continuing his military career as a senior operations section officer for the Turkestan Military District staff, a motorized rifle division's commanding officer and chief of staff, Civil Defense Forces of the Kazakh SSR chief of staff, a deputy commanding officer of the Central Asian Military District, and first deputy commander of the Soviet Union's Southern Group of Forces in Hungary.[1] He was elected to serve as a deputy of Kazakhstan's Supreme Soviet from 1971 until 1994, and chosen to lead its committee on the disabled and military veterans' affairs in 1989.[1] He was appointed to head Kazakhstan's State Defense Committee by Nursultan Nazarbayev in October 1991. He was named Kazakhstan's first Minister of Defense following the State Defense Committee's reorganization as the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Kazakhstan in May 1992 and remained as Defense Minister in Nazarbayev's cabinet until retiring from the armed forces as an army general in November 1995.[1]

He was awarded Kazakhstan's highest official award, the newly established honorary title of People's Hero of Kazakhstan, in 1994 – the first Kazakh to attain the honor.[2] He was an adviser to Nazarbayev from 1995 to 1996.[1] He died 24 September 2013.[3] His son Talgat is a major-general in the reserve.[1]

Honors[edit]

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Republic of Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Ukraine
  • Order of Bohdan Khmelnytsky, 3rd class (2004)[4]
  • Honour of the President of Ukraine
  • Medal "Defender of the Motherland"
  • Jubilee medal "60 years of Ukraine's liberation from Nazi invaders"
Bulgaria
  • Order "September 9, 1944", 1st class with swords.
Poland
Mongolia
  • Medal "30 Years of Victory over Japan's militarists"

Honorary Citizen of Tselinograd, Alma-Ata and Donetsk.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Nurmagambetov, Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich". CentrAsia. Retrieved 30 September 2011. (Russian)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Nurmagambetov, Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich". Biografia.kz. Retrieved 30 September 2011. (Russian)
  3. ^ Sagadat Nurmagambetov's obituary (Kazakh)
  4. ^ "Prezident nagradil ordenom Bogdana Khmelnitskogo eks-ministra oborony Kazakhstana". Retrieved 30 September 2011. (Russian)