Sagami Railway

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Not to be confused with Sagami Line. ‹See Tfd›
Sagami Railway Co. Ltd.
相模鉄道株式会社
Type kabushiki kaisha
Genre Rail transport
Founded November 1964
Headquarters 2-9-14 Kitasaiwai, Nishi-ku, Yokohama, Japan
Area served Kanagawa
Services Passenger railway only
Owner(s) Sotetsu holdings (100%)
Employees 1,117 (As of September 16, 2009)
Website http://www.sotetsu.co.jp

The Sagami Railway Co Ltd (相模鉄道株式会社 Sagami Tetsudō Kabushikigaisha?), or Sōtetsu (相鉄?), is a railway company operating three lines in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It ranks among the "big 15" major railways in Japan.

Overview[edit]

Sagami Railway is one of the core companies of the Sotetsu group. Currently, the Sagami Railway (below; Sotetsu) is focusing on railway division, although formerly it had a more diversified set of holdings, such as bus lines and supermarkets. Sotetsu is the smallest company of the "BIG 15", as it has only short lines, but it succeeded in developing towns along its lines in the 1960s and 1970s, so many passengers ride this line. In May 1990, Sotetsu joined the major railways. In 2010 it had a daily ridership of 623,500[1]

History[edit]

In January 1917, Sagami Railway KK was established at Chigasaki, Kanagawa to transport gravel on Sagami River. The first section, between Chigasaki and Samukawa was opened in 1919, and the line extended gradually to Hashimoto in 1931.[2] Sagami Railway started direct operation to Hachiouji, but performance was sluggish in the recession so Sagami Railway became a subsidiary of Tokyu in 1941.

Jinchu Railway KK was also established at Seya village (now, Seya-ku, Yokohama) in 1917, and opened its first section from Futamatagawa to Atsugi in May, 1926. Jinchu Railway extended to Yokohama Station in 1933, but its management had financial difficulties, so the company became a subsidiary of Tokyu in 1939, prior to Sagami Railway. The two companies were connected at Atsugi Station.

In April 1943, Sagami Railway took over Jinchu Railway and named two lines "Sagami Line" (originally section) and "Jinchu line" (got section). However, in June 1944, Sagami Line and Nishi-Samukawa branch line were purchased by the government to use the bypass between Tokaido main line and Chuo main line. At the same time, Imperial Japanese Navy Atsugi Airport was opened, so the number of passengers and amount of freight increased sharply. As a result, Sagami Railway released all management and delegated it to Tokyu. Under Tokyu, the line gained electrification to increase the carrying capacity and in 1944, all passenger sections was electrified.

In June 1947, Sagami Railway employees bought their own shares from Tokyu and resolved the commission.

In 1952, Sagami Railway purchased the 25,000 ㎡ land around Yokohama Station's west entrance from Standard Oil company, and began to develop to attract department stores.

Lines[edit]

Sōtetsu Lines (yellow) in the railway network around Yokohama

The company operates two passenger (commuter) lines and a freight-only line. All lines are electrified.

Passenger[edit]

Freight[edit]

  • Atsugi Line (厚木線 Atsugi-sen?) in Ebina

Rolling stock[edit]

Numbering[edit]

from 2000 series EMU to 10000 series EMU, cars number is separated its function. But 11000 series don't keep this law. Point is last three figure of body number.

  • 000: These cars have controller and motor.
  • 100, 200 and 300: These cars have motor.
  • 500: This car has controller direction for Ebina and Shonandai.
  • 600: This car is trailer non motor and non controller.
  • 700: This car has controller. But direction for Yokohama.

Current[edit]

Past[edit]

EMUs
DMUs
Locomotives
  • ED10 electric locomotive

Preserved cars[edit]

Some of past cars are preserved at Kashiwadai depot.

  • 2000 series EMU - No.2005
  • 6000 series EMU - No.6001 and No.6021
  • ED10 electric locomotive - No.11
  • Jinchu Railway Class 3 steam locomotive
  • Jinchu Railway Class ハ20 coach

Proposed connection with Tōkaidō Freight Line[edit]

The Sagami Railway and the Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency are jointly planning a 2.7 km new line, called the Sōtetsu JR Link Line (相鉄JR直通線 Sōtetsu JR Chokutsū-sen?), connecting Nishiya Station on the Sōtetsu Line with the Tōkaidō Freight Line. The line, expected to be completed by 2015, will enable direct passenger services from Sōtetsu lines to Shinjuku Station in central Tokyo via the Yokosuka Line.[3]

References[edit]

External links[edit]