Sagano Scenic Railway
|Sagano Scenic Railway|
|Line length||7.3 km (4.5 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Sagano Scenic Railway|
The Sagano Scenic Railway (嵯峨野観光鉄道 Sagano Kankō Tetsudō?) or Sagano Sightseeing Railway is a wholly owned subsidiary of West Japan Railway Company (JR West) that operates the Sagano Scenic Line (嵯峨野観光線 Sagano Kankō-sen?) or Sagano Sight-seeing Line in Kyoto.
The line uses once-abandoned tracks of the Sagano Line (officially a portion of the San'in Main Line) of JR West, from Torokko Sagano in Arashiyama, and passes a gorge offering a scenic view along the Hozu River, then enters and terminates in the basin of Kameoka. It is closed on Wednesdays and in the winter.
The tram line is locally known as "Torokko in Hozu gorge." Torokko is a Japanese word derived from the English "truck" once used for mining cars hauling ore, but presently means rail carriages for scenic view with rough accommodations.
Some sources refer to the Sagano Scenic Line as the only scenic railway in Japan.
- Wholly owned subsidiary of West Japan Railway Company
- Headquarters: Ukyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan
- Founded: 1990
- Major enterprise: Operation of Sagano Scenic Line
- Under Railway Business Act (not under Tram Act)
- Operation and possession (see Three categories of railway)
- Operation: Sagano Scenic Railway (category 2)
- Possession: West Japan Railway (category 1)
- Track: single
- Shares down (for Kameoka) track of San'in Main Line between Torokko Saga and Torokko Arashiyama stations. Up trains of the line are opposing the direction.
- Traction: internal combustion (diesel)
- No. of stations: 4 incl. both ends
- Rolling stock
- Locomotive: 1
- Coach: 5
Construction of the line
The line was originally a part of the main line of Kyoto Railway (京都鉄道 Kyoto Tetsudō?) opened in 1899, to connect Kyoto to the northern part of Kyoto Prefecture, or the old province of Tamba. The company took the route in the gorge, against to cross the pass of Oinosaka (老の坂?) with negotiating steep slope. The company was nationalized in 1907.
The Japanese National Railways (JNR) built a new, shorter, straighter, electrified double-tracked route of San'in Main Line between Saga (present Saga-Arashiyama) and Umahori which opened in 1989, the old winding route with narrow tunnels was abandoned.
The privatized JR West re-opened the line for tourism under a subsidiary founded in 1990. JR West used old stock for this purpose; 4 semi-open coaches hauled by a diesel locomotive.
By 1991 the line was more successful than expected (there had been talks that the line would be closed shortly, or unable to be popular). Later, a fifth carriage, nicknamed "The Rich" (ザ・リッチ?), was introduced. The car is contrary to its name, converted from an old gondola of JR West to fully open carriage, even the floor and the sides are of fine grills and offers a rough ride.
Presently, combined with rafting on the Hozu River, it is a major tourist attraction in Arashiyama and Sagano.
All trains are operated between Torokko Saga and Torokko Kameoka stations. All seats are reserved, and tickets (JPY 600 for adult and JPY 300 for child, as of 2006) are on sale one month prior to the operation with some exceptions. Some are sold on the day, but of "The Rich" not in rainy days for its accommodation. Down (for Kameoka) trains are able to make a round route with the boat ride from Kyoto, thus up trains are less popular.
- Torokko Saga (トロッコ嵯峨)
- Newly built next to the Saga Station of the San'in Main Line as the terminus of Kyoto
- Torokko Arashiyama (トロッコ嵐山)
- Torokko Hozukyō (トロッコ保津峡)
- Continued to use the old station on the abandoned line after slight refurbishment. Accessible from Hozukyō on the main line via a detour
- Torokko Kameoka (トロッコ亀岡)
- Newly built on the abandoned line as the terminus of Kameoka
- Accessible on foot from Umahori on the San'in Main Line, by bus to the pier of Hozu River rafting
As mentioned above, all are JR West origin. Daily and minor maintenances are carried at Torokko Saga, while heavy maintenances in JR West facility.
Liveried in red, yellow and black, explained as a typical colour set to infer Kyoto.
- DE10 type diesel locomotive, No. DE10 1104
- Heading on Saga end of the formation
- Passenger cars, from Saga side to Kameoka
- SK300-1, SK100-1, SK100-11, SK100-2, SK200-1
- All were converted from Toki 25000 type gondolas (trucks)
- SK200-1 is equipped with controller on the Kameoka end
- SK300-1 is nicknamed "The Rich", floor and side are of fine grills
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