Sagara, Shimoga district
|• Body||Sagara City Municipal Council|
|• Total||19.75 km2 (7.63 sq mi)|
|Elevation||579 m (1,900 ft)|
|• Density||7,160/km2 (18,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Distance from Shimoga||70 kilometres (43 mi) northwest|
|Distance from Bangalore||360 kilometres (220 mi) northwest|
Sâgara is a city located in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located in the Western Ghats range, it is known for its proximity to Jog Falls and to the historical places of Ikkeri and Keladi. Varadamoola, the origin of the river Varada, is near Sagara. Sagara is one of the main taluk head in Karnataka and an important city in the district. Sagara is one of the fastest growing cities in Karnataka.
City Municipal Council
Sagara city is one of the 74 Karnataka Municipal Reforms Project (KMRP) cities in the Karnataka state. The website of this city was launched on August 2007. Sagara ULB was started in 1931 and became CMC grade two in the year 2007. The ULB consist of 31 wards with the respective number of councilors. The population of the city was 54,550 as per the 2011 census and total area is 19.71 sq. km.
Sagara derives its name from Sadashiva Sagara, which is a lake. Sadashiva Nayaka, ruler of Keladi dynasty built a lake in between Keladi and Ikkeri. Sadashiva Sagara is now called Ganapathi Kere (Ganapathi Lake). It is a subdivisional headquarters headed by a subdivisional magistrate.
The economy of Sagara is mainly driven by areca nut or betel nut, paddy, spice and forest products trade. Betel nut is the major cash crop grown in the area. Along with areca nut, spices like pepper, clove, cinnamon, nutmeg, and cocoa are grown. The economy of the city is highly volatile and is dependent on the variation in the pricing of these agriculture products. Sagara APMC is one of the main market for areca nut in Karnataka.
Sagara has a relatively high number of Gudigars — families that for generations have been engaged in sandalwood and ivory carving. The Gudigar men make idols, figurines and knickknacks like penholders, agarbathi stands, cuff links, photo frames and paper clips; the women are adept at making garlands and wreaths out of thin layers of scraped sandalwood.
As of 2001 India census, Sagara had a population of 50,115. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Sagara has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 75%. In Sagara, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. According to the 2011 census Sagara had a population exceeding 1 lakh.
Sagara is located at  It has an average elevation of 580 metres (1902 ft)..
Sagara is surrounded by water bodies and forest regions. The Varada river serves the people in this region with its springs. A dam is constructed on it that provides the basic water requirements of the city. Apart from this, there are many historic places surrounding the city. Being in by the western ghats, Sagara attracts nature lovers. Honnavar is the nearest seaport, nearly 90 km away.
Bus service is provided by private bus operators and KSRTC runs buses that connect Sagara to other places in Karnataka and a few buses to other states. Sagara is well connected by road with Shimoga, Bangalore, Mangalore, Hubli, Haveri,Sirsi,Shikaripura,Soraba, Hirekerur, Hanagal,Karwar, Belgaum,Ranebennur,Honnali,Davanagere, Hosanagara, Udupi, Honavara, Bhatkal, and other major cities. Sagara has its own railway station. The train station is known as Sagar Jambagaru. Four trains are running: Two day trains to Mysore,one night train to Bangalore and one day train to shimoga. The nearest airport is Hubli Airport, which is about 159 km from Sagar.
- (16206-16205) Mysore-Talguppa-Mysore (intercity), via Sagar, Anandapuram, Shimoga Town, Birur, Arsikere, Hassan, KR Nagar.
Arrives at 12:49 hrs from Mysore. Departs at 14:50 hrs to Mysore.
- (16227-16228) Bangalore-Talguppa-Bangalore (express) via Sagar, Anandapuram, Shimoga Town, Birur, Arsikere, Tiptur, Tumkur.
Arrives at 06:43 hrs from Bangalore. Departs at 20:25 hrs to Bangalore.
- (56275-56276) Mysore-Talguppa-Mysore (passenger) Arrives at 21:24 from Mysore. Departs at 05:22 to Mysore.
- (56217-56218) Shimoga-Talguppa-Shimoga (passenger) Arrives at 15:59 hrs from Shimoga. Departs at 10:20 hrs to Shimoga.
The majority of people in Sagara are Havyaka Brahmins. Others are Deevaru (also known as Halepaika), vokkaligas,Gaud Saraswat Brahmins,Madiwalas, Lingayats, Christians, Jains, Kurubas, Daivajnas, Muslims, and Marathas (Namadev-simpi, Bhavsar) and other sub-castes. The city has temples, mosques, Jain basadis and churches. Apart from a few communal clashes in the early 2000s, the city is known for its communal harmony.
Ninasam, the famous cultural organisation, is located at Heggodu, which is about 10 km from the city. It is a stage for aspirants who are eager to learn stage activities like dancing, drama, acting, direction, music, etc.
TV and radio
Sagara has an LPT-49 TV relay station airing Doordarshan national channel. Cable TV and direct to home services are widely used and these have replaced the conventional VHF/UHF TV antennas and satellite dish antennas. Local cable has Sagarantaranga TV, which provides essential day-to-day information to the people of Sagar.
Sagara has an FM radio station airing FM Rainbow (100.1 MHz)
- Handigodu Syndrome
Handigodu joint disease (HJD) is a familial skeletal disorder. Handigodu, near Sagara is one of only two places in the world where this disorder is to be found — the other being northern Zululand, South Africa. Severe precocious, progressive degenerative osteoarthropathy causes marked physical handicap by adulthood. The clinical and radiological manifestations are very similar to MJD (Mseleni joint disease) and they are sometimes believed to be the same entity.
- Kyasanur Forest Disease
Sagara is surrounded by places of historical importance and natural beauty including the Marikamba Temple and the Mahaganapati Temple. One can find these places with the help of milestones and hoardings which are usually in Kannada.
The world famous Jog Falls is in Sagara taluk. It is approximately 30 km by National Highway 206.
A Shiva temple of historical importance is located 6 km from the city. One has to take a diversion at Sorab Road. There is a museum containing old manuscripts written during the Keladi dynasty.
This place where Children playground, ancient trees situated. it gives a kind of re-freshness during holidays or severe headache. it also subjects to lovers' spot.
This is a place where had temples of Shani Lord & Laxminarayana Temple.. Special is, in Shanashewara Temple God will come on Human body..
This place is of historic importance due to the presence of a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. One has to take a diversion at B. H. Road and travel 6 km.
This is another historically important place with a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is 8 km from the city and one has to travel along Sorab Road for 6 km and take a diversion.
This place is 6 km from the city where one has to take a diversion from Jog Road soon after the end of the city limits. It is famous for the samadhi of His Holiness Sri Sridhara Swami who was among the great saints of 20th century.
Honnemaradu is situated on the banks of the backwaters of the Sharavathi river. A big water mass extends up to the Chakra dam. It is about 35 km from Sagara City towards Jog and 10 km from Talaguppa. Indian Institute For Adventure Applications is a training school situated here which uses adventure as a platform for learning.
Holebaagilu is situated on the banks of the Sharavathi River about 30 km from Sagar. One has to take a diversion from B. H. Road towards Ikkeri Road to get there. The Sharavati backwaters of Linganamakki dam has submerged acres of land. It is a place of natural beauty. It is in Kolur Grama Panchayat limits. One has to take a flatboat to get across the backwaters to reach the other side where Sigandooru is.
Sigandooru is a holy place of Goddess Chaudeshwari. A large temple of Goddess Chaudeshwari is here. This Goddess is a highly believed deity in Sagar and the surrounding taluks as a protector against theft and robbery. Coupons for entry will be distributed on first come first serve basis.
Soraba anglicized version of Soraba is a panchayat town in Shivamogga district Soraba is also nearest town to Banavasi other than Sirsi, Karnataka which was capital of Kadambas during 9th century, and has pachalingeshwara temples in a small village of Heche karnataka and is more of historical interest to many enthusiasts who come under archeological survey. Soraba comes under Sagara subdivision.
Sharavathi Wildlife Sanctuary is in Sagara Taluka, Karnataka. It is 350 km from Bangalore. Located near Jog Falls, the sanctuary covers the Sharavathi Valley Region, near the western border of Karnataka. It is spread over an area of 431 km. The sanctuary is nourished by the Sharavathi River. Linganamakki reservoirspread over an area of 128.7 km is a part of this sanctuary.
Notable persons from Sagara taluk
- Raghaveshwara Bharathi- Ramachandrapura Mutt Pontiff and Guru of Havyakas.
- K. V. Subbanna, Magsaysay award winner
- Shantaveri Gopala Gowda, leader of socialist movement
- Diganth, the current heartthrob of Kannada cinema
- Bharat Chipli, cricketer, plays for Karnataka and Deccan Chargers
- Archana Udupa,Singer
- Arun Sagar, Runner of kannada bigboss in the year 2013 and artist kannada cinema
- NA DSOUZA, Novel Writer (Dweepa , Kadina Benki are famous)
- Kagodu Thimmappa, Politician and currently 'Vidhanasabha Speaker' of Karnataka
- Praveen Prakash Dsouza, Actor/Theater Artists Twice Represented Bangalore Division in Monoact competions in Yuvaja namela 2005 and 2006 ,Represented Sagar in 8Km Cross country race in 2001
- Harshith S K, Thinker/programmer/Wikipedia Page editor/Student
- K G Wodeyar Freedom fighter,First MP Shimoga District, Founder Member MDF.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Sagar
- "Guru Peeta". Havyaka Welfare Trust. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
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