Sagara, Shimoga District
||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (February 2014)|
|• Body||Sagara City Municipal Council|
|• Total||19.75 km2 (7.63 sq mi)|
|Elevation||579 m (1,900 ft)|
|• Density||7,160/km2 (18,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||KA-15(Sagar sub division)|
Sagara is a city located in the Indian state of Karnataka and it is also a sub divisional and a taluk headquarters. Located in the Western Ghats range, it is known for its proximity to Jog Falls and to the historical places of Ikkeri, Keladi and Varadamoola. The river Varada originates near Sagara. It is one of the fastest growing city in Karnataka. Sagara subdivision consists of Sagara, Soraba, Hosanagara and Shikaripur taluks.
City Municipal Council
Sagara city is one of the 74 Karnataka Municipal Reforms Project (KMRP) town in Karnataka. The website of this town was launched on August 2007. Sagara ULB was started in 1931 and became a City Municipal Council (CMC) grade two in the year 2007. The ULB consist of 31 wards with the respective number of councillors. The population of the town was 54,550 at the 2011 census and total area is 19.71 sq. km.
Sagara derives its name from Sadashiva Sagar, which is a lake. Sadashiva Nayaka, ruler of Keladi dynasty built a lake in between Keladi and Ikkeri. Sadashiva Sagar is now called Ganapathi Kere (Ganapathi Lake). It is a subdivisional headquarters headed by a subdivisional magistrate.
The economy of Sagara is mainly driven by areca nut (betel nut), paddy, spice and forest products trade. Betel nut is the major cash crop grown in the area. Along with areca nut, spices like pepper, clove, cinnamon, nutmeg, and cocoa are grown. The economy of the city is highly volatile and is dependent on the variation in the pricing of these agriculture products. Sagara APMC is one of the main market for areca nut in Karnataka.
Sagara has a relatively high number of Gudigars – families that for generations have been engaged in sandalwood and ivory carving. The Gudigar men make idols, figurines and knickknacks like penholders, agarbathi stands, cuff links, photo frames and paper clips; the women are adept at making garlands and wreaths out of thin layers of scraped sandalwood.
At the 2001 census, Sagara had a population of 50,115. Males constituted 50% of the population and females 50%. Sagar had an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 82%, and female literacy was 75%. In Sagar, 11% of the population was under 6 years of age. At the 2011 census its population exceeded 100,000.
Bus service is provided by private bus operators and KSRTC runs buses that connect Sagara to other places in Karnataka and a few buses to other states. Sagara is well connected by road with Shimoga, Bangalore, Mangalore, Hubli, Haveri, Sirsi, Shikaripur, Soraba, Karwar, Belgaum, Davanagere, Hosanagar, Udupi, Honnavar, Bhatkal, and other major cities. From November 2013 KSRTC introduced city buses in Sagara city. Sagara has its own railway station. The train station is known as Sagar Jambagaru. The nearest airport is Hubli Airport, which is about 159 km from Sagara.
The majority of people in Sagara are Havyaka Brahmins . Others are, Achars Charody vokkaligas, Gaud Saraswat Brahmins, Madiwalas, Lingayats, Christians, Jains, Kurubas, Daivajnas, Muslims, Marathas, (Namadev-simpi, Bhavsar) and other sub-castes. The city has Hindu temples, mosques, Jain basadis and churches. Apart from a few communal clashes in the early 2000s, the city is known for its communal harmony.
Sanjay Memorial Polytechnic diploma college, Ikkeri Road,Radhakrishna Public School (ICSE Syllabus),St. Joseph's Higher Primary School, Rotary school and Seva Sagar are the local schools for primary and higher primary education. Then, there are the Nirmala Girl's High School, MGN Pai (Janatha) H. Shivalingappa High School, Pragati Composite school and Hongirana School of Excellence, which is CBSE school. The Government Pre-University College is in the heart of the city, LB and SBS College offers pre-university and degree courses. There is a government college called Smt Indira Gandhi First Grade College at SN Nagara for women's offering BSc BA. B.Com. BBM and M.Com courses. For professional courses there is Sagar Gangotri law college, Gangotri nursing college, Sagar Gangotri arts and commerce college, a MDF Independent PU College, and a residential Hongirana Independent PU college (7 km from Sagar city towards Hosanagar).
TV and radio
Sagara has an LPT-49 TV relay station airing Doordarshan national channel. Cable TV and direct to home services are widely used and these have replaced the conventional VHF/UHF TV antennas and satellite dish antennas. Local cable has Sagarantaranga TV, which provides essential day-to-day information to the people of Sagara.
Sagara has an FM radio station airing FM Rainbow (100.1 MHz)
- Handigodu Syndrome
Handigodu joint disease (HJD) is a familial skeletal disorder. Handigodu, near Sagara is one of only two places in the world where this disorder is to be found – the other being northern Zululand, South Africa. Severe precocious, progressive degenerative osteoarthropathy causes marked physical handicap by adulthood. The clinical and radiological manifestations are very similar to MJD (Mseleni joint disease) and they are sometimes believed to be the same entity.
- Kyasanur Forest Disease
Sagara is surrounded by places of historical importance and natural beauty including the Marikamba Temple and the Mahaganapati Temple. One can find these places with the help of milestones and hoardings which are usually in Kannada.
The world famous Jog Falls is in Sagar taluk. It is approximately 30 km by National Highway 206.
The Marikamba Temple is located in Sagara City, in the Indian state of Karnataka. It features the image of the goddess Marikamba, a form of Durga or Parvati. The temple was built in the center of the city during the reign of Venkatappa Nayak who ruled over Keladi and Ikkeri kingdom during the 16th century. Marikamba was the family deity of the Nayaka dynasty.
A Shiva temple of historical importance is located 6 km from the city. One has to take a diversion at Sorab Road. There is a museum containing old manuscripts written during the Keladi dynasty.
This place is where Children's playground, ancient trees are situated. it gives a kind of re-freshness during holidays or severe headache. it also subjects to lovers' spot.
This is a place where had temples of Shani Lord & Laxminarayana Temple.. Special is, in Shanashewara Temple God will come on Human body..
This place is of historic importance due to the presence of a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. One has to take a diversion at B. H. Road and travel 6 km.
This is another historically important place with a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is 8 km from the city and one has to travel along Sorab Road for 6 km and take a diversion.
This place is 6 km from the city where one has to take a diversion from Jog Road soon after the end of the city limits. It is famous for the samadhi of His Holiness Sri Sridhara Swami who was among the great saints of 20th century.
Honnemaradu is situated on the banks of the backwaters of the Sharavati river. A big water mass extends up to the Chakra dam. It is about 35 km from Sagara city towards Jog and 10 km from Talaguppa. Indian Institute For Adventure Applications is a training school situated here which uses adventure as a platform for learning.
Holebaagilu is situated on the banks of the Sharavati River about 30 km from Sagar. One has to take a diversion from B. H. Road towards Ikkeri Road to get there. The Sharavati backwaters of Linganamakki dam has submerged acres of land. It is a place of natural beauty. It is in Kolur Grama Panchayat limits. One has to take a flatboat to get across the backwaters to reach the other side where Sigandooru is.
Sigandooru is a holy place of Goddess Chaudeshwari. A large temple of Goddess Chaudeshwari is here. This Goddess is a highly believed deity in Sagar and the surrounding taluks as a protector against theft and robbery. Coupons for entry will be distributed on first come first serve basis.
Soraba is a panchayat town in Shivamogga district. Sorab is also nearest town to Banavasi (other than Sirsi, Karnataka), which was capital of Kadambas during 9th century, and has pachalingeshwara temples in a small village of Heche karnataka and is more of historical interest to many enthusiasts who come under archaeological survey. Soraba comes under Sagar subdivision.
Sharavati Wildlife Sanctuary is in Sagar Taluk, Karnataka. It is 350 km from Bangalore. Located near Jog Falls, the sanctuary covers the Sharavati Valley Region, near the western border of Karnataka. It is spread over an area of 431 km. The sanctuary is nourished by the Sharavati River. Linganamakki reservoir spread over an area of 128.7 km is a part of this sanctuary.
Notable persons from Sagar taluk
- Raghaveshwara Bharathi- Ramachandrapura Mutt Pontiff and Guru of Havyakas.
- K. V. Subbanna, Magsaysay award winner
- Shantaveri Gopala Gowda, leader of socialist movement
- Diganth, the current heartthrob of Kannada cinema
- Bharat Chipli, cricketer, plays for Karnataka and Deccan Chargers
- Archana Udupa,Singer
- Na D'Souza, Novel Writer (Dweepa, Kadina Benki are famous)
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Guru Peeta". Havyaka Welfare Trust. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
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