Sagardighi (community development block)

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Sagardighi
সাগরদীঘি সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
community development block
Sagardighi is located in West Bengal
Sagardighi
Sagardighi
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 24°17′N 88°06′E / 24.28°N 88.10°E / 24.28; 88.10Coordinates: 24°17′N 88°06′E / 24.28°N 88.10°E / 24.28; 88.10
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Murshidabad
Government
 • MLA Subrata Saha
Area
 • Total 345.20 km2 (133.28 sq mi)
Elevation 32 m (105 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 252,360
 • Density 730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST
PIN 742226
Telephone code 91 3483
Sex ratio 962 /
Lok Sabha constituency Jangipur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Sagardighi
Website murshidabad.gov.in

Sagardighi (community development block) is an administrative division in Jangipur subdivision of Murshidabad district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Sagardighi police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Sagardighi. The last Zamindar of Sagardighi was Bimal Singh Kothari.

Sagardighi is about 30 kilometres (19 mi) north-west of Baharampur by road.[1]Morgram, the junction of NH 34 and Panagarh–Morgram Highway is part of Sagardighi block.[2] An area steeped in history, it has been in focus because of the expansion programme of Sagardighi Thermal Power Station. Nearest railway station is Sagardighi (SDI).

History[edit]

Stone Age[edit]

Small weapons made of stone, which are around 15,000-20,000 years old, have been discovered by archaeologists of the State Archaeology Department at Ekani Chandpara in Sagardighi. Apart from the weapons they also discovered raw materials and scrap, which indicates that the weapons were made at this place itself.[3][4]

Pala period[edit]

Sagardighi has many remains of the Pala dynasty. There is a lake of the name, which is the largest in the district. It was dug up by Mahipala.[1]

Gauda Sultanate[edit]

Hussain Shah, the greatest of Sultans of Gauda, was associated with Chandpara or Ekani Chandpara in Sagardighi block.[5] Sekherdighi is a large lake excavated by him.[1]

British Period[edit]

During the British Raj, the Murshidabad leadership of the Nawabs became weak and the British gave charge of revenue collections to a few noble Rajput Marwari's. These nobles were given the title of 'Zamindar' (Land owners). The Kothari family reigned over Sagardighi from the time of Mir Qasim until the abolishment of the Zamindari system after the independence of India. The last ruling Zamindar of Sagardighi and the surrounding areas of Ratanpur was Bimal Singh Kothari. His family/descendants continue to live in Calcutta (now Kolkata).

Geography[edit]

Sagardighi is located at 24°17′N 88°06′E / 24.28°N 88.10°E / 24.28; 88.10

The surface of land to the west of the Bhagirathi, the area in which Sagardighi lies, is high and undulating. The soil is hard clay and the climate is somewhat dry. This area is an extension of the Rarh region.[6] Sagardighi is in a zone affected by floods but the impact is less severe than in the adjoining Kandi subdivision.[7][8]

Rural area under Sagardighi block consists of 11 gram panchayats, viz. Harhari, Balia, Bokhara–I, Kabilpur, Patkeldanga, Bannyeswar, Bokhara–II, Manigram, Sagardighi, Barala, Gobordhandanga and Moregram.[9] There is no urban area under this block.[10] Sagardighi police station serves this block.[11] Headquarters of this block is in Sagardighi.[12]

Chandpara and Kherur are villages under Monigram gram panchayat. Chandpara has a population of 2, 244 and Kherur of 1, 671.[2]

Migratory birds[edit]

Some 2,000 migratory open-bill storks, locally known as shamukkhol (oyster shell), are found settling every year near the marshy lands in the Milki area of Sagardighi.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Sagardighi community development block with an area of 345.20 km2 had a population of 252,360 in 2001, out of which 128,596 were males and 123,764 were females. Decadal growth during the period 1991-2001 was 26.76 per cent against decadal growth of 23.70 per cent in Murshidabad District.[14] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[15]

Economics[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Agriculture plays a vital role in the economy of the district. Sericulture industry is the principal agro-based rural industry.[6]

Daily market[edit]

Sagardighi plays a most role in the economy of the Block.

Sagardighi Thermal Power Station[edit]

Sagardighi Thermal Power Station of West Bengal Power Development Corporation Limited has two generators of 300 MW each. The site is about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) from Monigram railway station of the Bandel-Barhawara section of Eastern Railway. NH 34 is about 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from the site. It is on the western bank of the Bhagirathi.[16][17] The project was developed by the Chinese firm, Dongfang Electric Corporation, at a cost of Rs. 27.50 billion.[18] The power plant had provided employment for about 2,000 people. The state government had acquired 1,600 acres (650 ha) of land without resistance.[19]

The state government is expected to spend around Rs. 80 billion on Sagardighi plant expansion.[20]

Sagardighi Thermal Power Project with its two units of 300MW capacity is running successfully. Two more units of 500MW capacity are being constructed by Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)

Culture[edit]

Kherur mosque[edit]

Kherur Mosque is located on the top of a mound at Kherur in Sagardighi. The 15th century mosque, spread over an area of 2 acres (0.81 ha), was built by Rafat Khan during the reign of Sultan Hussain Shah. The mosque is rectangular in shape. There is a domed prayer chamber. The mosque has four minarets at four corners.[1][21]

Chandanbati temple[edit]

Chandanbati temple is a major tourist attraction.[1][22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Tourism". Sagardighi Zone. District Administration. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "CENSUS DATA District Name :MURSHIDABAD(07) Block Name :Sagardighi". West Bengal Govt. Retrieved 14 February 2009. [dead link]
  3. ^ Bhattasali, Amitabha (28 March 2008). "Ancient weapons dug up in India". BBC News, 28 March 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  4. ^ "Stone Age weapons dug up in India". Archaeo News, 31 March 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  5. ^ "Chronological History of Murshidabad". Independent Sultanate of Gauda. District Administration. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "MURSHIDABAD DISTRICT". National Institute of Communicable Diseases. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  7. ^ "Murshidabad". Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  8. ^ "Bengal flood claims 420 lives, situation marginally improves". Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  9. ^ "Directory of District, Sub division, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008". West Bengal. National Informatics Centre, India. 19 March 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  10. ^ "District Wise List of Statutory Towns( Municipal Corporation,Municipality,Notified Area and Cantonment Board) , Census Towns and Outgrowths, West Bengal, 2001". Census of India, Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  11. ^ "List of Districts/C.D.Blocks/ Police Stations with Code No., Number of G.Ps and Number of Mouzas". Census of India, Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  12. ^ "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Murshidabad district. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  13. ^ "Migratory birds count dwindle". The Statesman, 18 October 2003. Retrieved 14 February 2009. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal , Table 4". Census of India 2001, Murshidabad district. Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  15. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 5 February 2008. 
  16. ^ "Sagardighi Thermal Power Station". Summary Environment Assessment Report. West Bengal Power Development Corporation. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  17. ^ "Sagardighi thermal plant to begin generation by Aug-end". Economic Times. 17 July 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  18. ^ "Sagardighi power plant to begin generation by August". Projects Today, 17 July 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  19. ^ "CM promise to land losers". The Daily Telegraph. 23 March 2008. Retrieved 15 February 2009. 
  20. ^ "Katwa project on, says govt". The Times of India. 30 August 2008. Retrieved 15 February 2009. 
  21. ^ "Kherur Mosque". india9.com. Retrieved 14 February 2009. 
  22. ^ "Sagardighi". india9.com. Retrieved 14 February 2009.