Saghar Nizami

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Saghar Nizami
ساغر نظامی
Born Samad Yar Khan
21 December 1905
Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Died Delhi, India, in 1983.
Nationality Indian
Occupation Journalist, Government service – worked in All India Radio
Known for Nazms and Ghazals

Saghar Nizami (1905–1983)[1] (Urdu: ساغر نظامی ), also known as Samad Yar Khan, was an Urdu Poet, ghazal and nazm writer. He was one of the earliest disciples of Seemab Akbarabadi (1882–1951).

Biography[edit]

Saghar Nizami was born in Aligarh on 21 December 1905. His father, Sardar Ahmedyar Khan, was a medical doctor in the service of the British government of India.[2] He was a recipient of the Padma Bhushan Award (1969) and the Ghalib Award (1982).

Literary career[edit]

From 1923 to 1932 he edited Paimana, a monthly magazine published by his teacher in Agra. In 1933 he shifted to Meerut and founded Adabi Markaz, a publishing house which, in its very first year of operation, introduced Mehr Lal Soni Zia Fatehabadi to the Urdu literary world by publishing Tullu (Dawn), the latter's first collection of poems. Years later, Yusuf Hussain, Editor of Nairang e Khayal was to class Ahsan Danish, Saghar Nizami and Mehr Lal Soni Zia Fatehabadi as the three bright stars (of Urdu poetry) of the modern era.[3]

A rare 1965 photo of an informal gathering of poets and writers at the residence of Zia Fatehabadi. From left to right are: Naresh Kumar Shad, Kailash Chander Naaz, Talib Dehalvi, Khushtar Girami, Balraj Hairat, Saghar Nizami, Talib Chakwali, Munavvar Lakhnavi, Malik Ram, Jainendra Kumar, Zia Fatehabadi, Rishi Patialvi, Bahar Burney, Joginder Pal, Unwan Chishti and Krishan Mohan.

During his lifetime he published six collections of ghazals and nazms: Subuhi (1934), Badah e mashriq (1934), Kahkashaan (1934), Rangmahal (1943), Mauj e saahil (1949) and Nehrunama (1967).[2] His collected works, Kuliat e Saghar Nizami, were published in three volumes by Modern Publishing House, Delhi between 1999 and 2001.

An appraisal of the works, life and personality of Saghar Nizami titled - Saghar Nizami - Fan aur shakhsiyat ma'a kalam written by Zamir Ali Khan was published in 1985; this book also contains his selected ghazals and nazms. In his article titled Two Anarkalis: Saghar Nizami’s Dream Drama and the Deconstruction of the Parsi Theatre Afroz Taj compares Nizami's play Anarkali to the earlier play of the same name by Imtiyaz Ali Taj.[4]

Just as Kundan Lal Saigal had done for Seemab Akbarabadi so did Master Madan (1923–1942)[5] by singing Yoon na reh reh kar hamen tersaaiye and Hairat se tak raha hai jahan e wafa mujhe, the two ghazals written by Saghar Nizami, made Saghar Nizami well known; the music for these ghazals was composed by Pandit Amarnath.[6]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Subuhi (1934)
  • Badah e mashriq (1934)
  • Kahkashaan (1934)
  • Rangmahal (1943)
  • Mauj e saahil (1949)
  • Nehrunama (1967)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Urdu Authors". National Council for Promotion of Urdu language, Govt. of India, Ministry of Human Resources Development. Archived from the original on 2012-03-15. 
  2. ^ a b Biswin Sadi ke Shoara e Delhi Vol. 2. Delhi: Urdu Academy. 2005. p. 642. ISBN 8171211364. 
  3. ^ Dr.Zarina Sani M.A.Ph.D. (1979). Budha Darakhat. p. 140. "" is waqt teen shair hain. ek ahsan danish, doosra saghar nizami, teesra zia fatehabadi. saghar, danish aur zia jadeed daur ke darakhshan sitare hain, in mein zia ko kaii baton mein tawafuq aur maqbooliyat haasil hai "- Yusuf Hussain, Editor, Nairang e Khayal." 
  4. ^ Taj, Afroz (2010). "Two Anarkalis: Saghar Nizami's Dream Drama and the Deconstruction of the Parsi Theatre". Southeast Review of Asian Studies 32: 177–92. ISSN 1083-074X. 
  5. ^ "The King of Music". Village of Khankhana. Archived from the original on 2012-03-17. 
  6. ^ Hasan, Khalid. "The boy with the golden voice: Private View". Dawn. Archived from the original on 2012-10-12. Retrieved 2012-08-20.