Sagittaria fasciculata

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bunched arrowhead
Sagittaria fasciculata.jpg
Conservation status

Imperiled (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Alismataceae
Genus: Sagittaria
Species: S. fasciculata
Binomial name
Sagittaria fasciculata
E.O. Beal

Sagittaria fasciculata, the bunched arrowhead (also known as duck potato, Indian potato, or wapato) is a plant found in wetlands. This plant produces edible tubers that were heavily collected by the Native Americans as a food source. STATUS: Endangered, Federal Register, July 25, 1979[1][2]


Sagittaria fasciculata is a perennial herb up to 35 cm tall. Submerged leaves are long and narrow, round in cross-section. Emerging leaves are flat, broadly ovate or lanceolate.[3][4][5]


Sagittaria fasciculata is only known to be found in Henderson and Bumconbe Counties in North Carolina plus Greenville and Laurens Counties in South Carolina.[3][6]


Sagittaria fasciculata is found in seepage areas with little to no flow. It prefers shaded areas on sandy loams.[3][7]


  1. ^ Federal Registerl
  2. ^ Buchanan, M.F. and J.T. Finnegan. 2010. Natural Heritage Program List of the Rare Plant Species of North Carolina. N.C. Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh, NC.
  3. ^ a b c Flora of North America v 22, Sagittaria fasciculata
  4. ^ Beal, Ernest O. 1960. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 76(1): 76, f. 3, map 5, Sagittaria fasciculata
  5. ^ United States fish & Wildlife Service, Raleigh Ecological Services Field Office, bunched arrowhead
  6. ^ Biota of North America Program, map, Sagittaria fasciculata
  7. ^ Newberry, Gillian. 1991. Factors affecting the survival of the rare plant Sagittaria fasciculata E.O. Beal (Alismataceae). Castanea 56(1):59-64.

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