Black-mantled tamarin

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Black-mantled tamarin[1][2]
Black-mantled Tamarin.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Callitrichidae
Genus: Saguinus
Species: S. nigricollis
Binomial name
Saguinus nigricollis
(Spix, 1823)
Saguinus nigricollis distribution.svg
Combined range of the black-mantled and Graells's tamarins

The black-mantled tamarin, Saguinus nigricollis, is a species of tamarin from the northwestern Amazon in far western Brazil, southeastern Colombia and northeastern Peru. It has often included the Graells's tamarin as a subspecies (in which case the distribution extends into eastern Ecuador),[3] but differs from that species in having reddish-orange rump and thighs.[4] The two are often said to be sympatric in Colombia (a major argument for treating them as separate species), though the accuracy of such reports has been questioned.[5] The body length is 15–28 cm. The tail length is 27–42 cm.

Family groups consisting of a male, a James, a female and 1 or 2 young live in a defined territory - the female marks branches on the boundaries of the territory with secretions of her anal glands and urine. The female gives birth to 2 young after a gestation of 140 to 150 days. It mainly eats insects, leaves, and fruit.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M, eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 135–136. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  2. ^ Rylands AB and Mittermeier RA (2009). "The Diversity of the New World Primates (Platyrrhini)". In Garber PA, Estrada A, Bicca-Marques JC, Heymann EW, Strier KB. South American Primates: Comparative Perspectives in the Study of Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. Springer. pp. 23–54. ISBN 978-0-387-78704-6. 
  3. ^ a b de la Torre, S. & Stevenson, P. (2008). Saguinus nigricollis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
  4. ^ Rylands, Mittermeier, Coimbra-Filho, Heymann, de la Torre, Silva Jr., Kierulff, Noronha and Röhe (2008). Marmosets and Tamarins: Pocket Identification Guide. Conservation International. ISBN 978-1-934151-20-4
  5. ^ Defler, T. (2004). Primates of Colombia. Conservation International. ISBN 1-881173-83-6
  • Macmillian Illustrated Animal Encyclopedia