Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
|Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics|
Logo of Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
|Director||Prof. Milan K. Sanyal|
|Location||Kolkata, West Bengal, India|
The Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP) is an institution of basic research and training in physical and biophysical sciences located in Bidhannagar, Kolkata, India. The institute is named after the famous Indian physicist Meghnad Saha.
Vision and initiative
The Institute grew out of the Palit Research Laboratory in Physics of the University of Calcutta. After Professor Meghnad Saha returned from Allahabad in 1938 to succeed Sir C. V. Raman in the Palit Chair of Physics, he reorganized the post graduate physics curriculum of University of Calcutta to include nuclear physics by 1940 after realising immense potential of the subject for betterment of the country. Soon the necessity of a small-scale cyclotron was felt for gaining a first-hand knowledge in this virgin field which was procured from the fund raised by the help of Jawaharlal Nehru and patronage of J. R. D. Tata. The University of Calcutta provided a piece of land within the University College of Science campus in Rajabazar to construct a building to house the machine.
Institute of Nuclear Physics
The foundation stone for the building of the Institute of Nuclear Physics was laid by Dr Syama Prasad Mookerjee in 1949. The institute was formally inaugurated by Madame Irène Joliot-Curie on January 11, 1950. The department of Biophysics in the Palit Laboratory had moved in the new building as soon as it was complete. Foundation stone for a students' hall was laid by K. D. Malavya in early January 1956.
Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
Soon after the death of Meghnad Saha on February 16, 1956, the institute was renamed to its present form. The department of Biophysics soon became a division and was moved to a separate building located at Belgachia in 1964.
The Institute shifted to its new building in Bidhannagar in the late 1980s. The Biophysics Division also shifted completely to the Bidhannagar campus after 2000.
SINP is Central Government aided institute under the administrative control of the Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India. The institute is governed by a governing council headed by the chairman of the atomic energy commission of India, in accordance with a tripartite agreement signed by the Government of India, Government of West Bengal and the University of Calcutta in August 1992. The institute is known as a centre for conducting research for doctoral degrees and providing facilities for teaching and research in physical and biological sciences. The chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, India (and Secretary, DAE, government of India) chairs the governing council with members comprising three scientists nominated by the DAE, two representatives of the DAE, two nominees of CU, one nominee of Govt. of West Bengal and the Director of the Institute.
The research activities in this institute is broadly divided in two streams: Physics and Bio-Physics.
This institute is well known to have many equipments related to physics including a Van De Graff's generator. Several inservice courses are held in this institute and it is one of the best institutes in Asia.
- Official website of Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, History of Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics