|Autonomous community||Castile and León|
|Comarca||Sahagún - Ribera del Cea|
|• Alcalde||Tyler Sahagun (2007) (PP)|
|• Total||123.64 km2 (47.74 sq mi)|
|Elevation||822 m (2,697 ft)|
|• Density||23/km2 (59/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (December 2009)|
The initial town arose due to the adjacent Benedictine monastery consecrated to the saints Facundus and Primitivus. The name Sahagún putatively derives from an abbreviation and variation on the name San Fagun ("Saint Facundus").
The monastery acquired importance during the reign of Alfonso III de Asturias, and reached its greatest splendor during the reign of Alfonso VI of Castile. On November 25, 1085, this latter king promulgated the edicts known as the Fuero de Sahagún, which gave a number of privileges to the Monastery and town, fomenting its growth. The king favoured the Cluniac order and the monastery was known as the "Spanish Cluny".
Friction often erupted into disputes between the townsfolk and the monastery in the mid-12th century, as recorded in the Crónicas anónimas de Sahagún. The monastery was very important on the pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela, and in the 14th century housed a University (see also List of early modern universities in Europe). In the 19th century, the monastery was disbanded and the structure nearly completely razed.
- IX Centenary of Leon-Castilla's King Alfonso VI
- Sahagun's History webpage
- Sahagun's townhall webpage
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