22 February 1889|
Ghazipur, Uttar Pradesh, British India
|Died||25 June 1950
|Occupation||Linguist, Polymath, Sociologist, Historian, Philosopher, Nyaya, Writer, Grammarian, ascetic, Revolutionary, Marxist|
Swami Sahajanand Saraswati ( listen (help·info); 1889–1950), born in a Bhumihar Brahmin family of Ghazipur of Uttar Pradesh state of India, was an ascetic (Dandi Sanyasi) of Dashnami Order (Dasanami Sannyasi order) of Adi Shankara Sampradaya (a monastic post which only Brahmins can hold) as well as a nationalist and peasant leader of India. Although he was born in Uttar Pradesh (U.P.), his social and political activities centred mostly in Bihar in the initial days, and gradually spread to the rest of India with the formation of All India Kisan Sabha. He had set-up an ashram at Bihta, near Patna and carried out most of his work in the later part of his life from there. He was an intellectual, prolific writer, social reformer and revolutionary.
- Bhumihar Brahmin Parichay (Introduction to Bhumihar Brahmins), in Hindi.
- Jhootha Bhay Mithya Abhiman (False Fear False Pride), in Hindi.
- Brahman Kaun?
- Brahman Samaj ki Sthiti (Situation of the Brahmin Society) in Hindi.
- Brahmarshi Vansha Vistar in Sanskrit, Hindi and English.
- Karmakalap, in Sanskrit and Hindi.
- Mera Jeewan Sangharsha (My LIfe Struggle), in Hindi.
- Kisan Sabha ke Sansmaran (Recollections of the Kisan Sabha), in Hindi.
- Maharudra ka Mahatandav, in Hindi.
- Jang aur Rashtriya Azadi
- Ab Kya ho?
- Gaya jile mein sava maas
- Samyukta Kisan Sabha, Samyukta Samajvadi Sabha ke Dastavez.
- Kisanon ke Dave
- Dhakaich ka bhashan
- Kranti aur Samyukta Morcha
- Gita Hridaya (Heart of the Gita)
- Kisanon ke Dave
- Maharudra ka Mahatandav
- Kalyan mein chapein lekh
- Kisan kaise ladten hain?
- Kisan kya karen?
- Zamindaron ka khatma kaise ho?
- Kisan ke dost aur dushman
- Bihar prantiya kisansabha ka ghoshna patra
- Kisanon ki phasane ki taiyariyan
- On the other side
- Rent reduction in Bihar, How it Works?
- Zamindari kyon utha di jaye?
- Khet Mazdoor (Agricultural Labourer), in Hindi, written in Hazaribagh Central Jail.
- Jharkhand ke kisan
- Bhumi vyavastha kaisi ho?
- Kisan andolan kyun aur kya?
- Gaya ke Kisanon ki Karun Kahani
- Ab kya ho?
- Congress tab aur ab
- Congress ne kisanon ke liye kya kiya?
- Maharudra ka Mahatandav
- Swamiji ki Diary
- Kisan sabha ke dastavez
- Swamiji ke patrachar
- Lok sangraha mein chapen lekh
- Janta mein chapein lekh
- Hunkar mein chapein lekh
- Vishal Bharat mein chapein lekh
- Bagi mein chapein lekh
- Bhumihar Brahmin mein chapein lekh
- Swamiji ki Bhashan Mala
- Krishak mein chapein lekh
- Yogi mein chapein lekh
- Kisan sevak
- Anya lekh
- Address of the chairman, Reception Committee, The All India Anti-Compromise Conference, First Session, Kisan Nagar, Ramgarh, Hazaribagh, 19 & 20 March 1940, Ramgarh, 1940.
- Presidential Address, 8th Annual Session of the Kisan Sabha, Bezwada, 1944.
Translations into English
- Swami Sahajanand and the Peasants of Jharkhand: A View from 1941 translated and edited by Walter Hauser along with the unedited Hindi original (Manohar Publishers, paperback, 2005).
- Sahajanand on Agricultural Labour and the Rural Poor translated and edited by Walter Hauser Manohar Publishers, paperback, 2005.
- Religion, Politics, and the Peasants: A Memoir of India's Freedom Movement translated and edited by Walter Hauser Manohar Publishers, hardbound, 2003.
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research has an award Swamy Sahajanand Saraswati Extension Scientist/ Worker Award instituted in his honour. In 2001, a two-day Kisan Mahapanchayat was organised on the occasion of the 112th birth anniversary of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati.
Bihar Governor R. S. Gavai released a book on the life of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati on his 57th death anniversary in Patna. Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, along with other Bihar leaders celebrated the 119th birth anniversary of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, the architect of the farmers' movement.
- Sushma Chadha (10 July 2000). "A dull June for philatelists". Financial Express. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
- Saraswata, Swami Sahajanand (2003). Swami Sahajanand Saraswati Rachnawali in Six volumes. Delhi: Prakashan Sansthan. ISBN 81-7714-097-3.
- Shri Ram Vilas Paswan to release commemorative postage stamp on Swami Sahajanand Saraswati
- "Indian Council of Agricultural Research Awards". Indian Council of Agricultural Research. 3 September 2008. Archived from the original on 31 May 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2008.
- "Cong erred by joining RJD govt, says Rama Pilot". The Times of India. 23 February 2001. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
- "Governor Pays Rich Tribute to Swami Sahajanand". PatnaDaily.com. 26 June 2007. Retrieved 19 August 2008.[dead link]
- "Swami Sahajanand Saraswati's Birth Anniversary Observed". PatnaDaily.com. 5 March 2008. Retrieved 19 August 2008.[dead link]
- Sahajanand on Agricultural Labour and the Rural Poor, edited by Walter Hauser, Manohar Publishers, paperback, 2005, ISBN 81-7304-600-X
- Swami And Friends: Sahajanand Saraswati And Those Who Refuse To Let The Past of Bihar's Peasant Movements Become History By Arvind Narayan Das, Paper for the Peasant Symposium, May 1997 University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia
- Bagchi, A.K., 1976, 'Deindustrialisation in Gangetic Bihar, 1809– 1901' in Essays in Honour of Prof. S.C. Sarkar, New Delhi.
- Banaji, Jairus, 1976, "The Peasantry in the Feudal MOde of Production: Towards an Economic Model", Journal of Peasant Studies, April.
- Bandopadhyay, D., 1973, `Agrarian Relations in Two Bihar Districts', Mainstream, 2 June, New Delhi.
- Banerjee, N., 1978, `All the Backwards', Sunday, 9 April, Calcutta. Bihar, 1938, Board of Revenue, Average Prices of Staple Food Crops from 1888, Patna.
- Brahmanand, 1971, Rahul Sankrityayana, in Hindi, Delhi.
- Judith M. Brown, 1972, Gandhi's Rise to Power: Indian Politics, 1915–1922, London.
- Datta, K.K., 1957, History of the Freedom Movement in Bihar, Patna.
- Devanand, Swami, 1958, Virat Kisan Samaroh (Massive Peasant Convention), in Hindi, Bihar Kisan Sangh, Bihta.
- Diwakar R.R, ed., 1957, Bihar Through the Ages, Patna.
- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, 1921, 'The Zamindar and the Ryots', Young India, Vol. III (New Series) No. 153, 18 May.
- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, 1940, An Autobiography or The Story of My experiments in Truth, Ahmedabad.
- Maharaj, R.N., 1976, 'Freed Bonded Labour Camp at Palamau', National Labour Institute Bulletin, October, New Delhi.
- Mishra, G., 1968. 'The Socio-economic Background of Gandhi's Champaran Movement', Indian Economic and Social History Review, 5(3), New Delhi.
- Mishra, G., 1978, Agrarian Problems of Permanent Settlement: A Case Study of Champaran, New Delhi.
- Mitra, Manoshi, 1983, Agrarian Social Structure in Bihar: Continuity and Change, 1786–1820, Delhi : Manohar.
- Mitra, N., ed, 1938, Indian Annual Register, July–December 1937, Vol. II, Calcutta.
- Jawaharlal Nehru, 1936, An Autobiography, London.
- O'Malley, L.S.S., 1913, District Gazetters, Calcutta.
- Pouchepadass, J., 1974, 'Local Leaders and the Intelligentsia in the Champaran Satyagraha', Contributions to Indian Sociology, New Series, No.8, November, New Delhi.
- Prasad, P.H., 1979, 'Semi-Feudalism: Basic Constraint in Indian Agriculture' in Arvind N. Das & V. Nilakant, eds., Agrarian Relations in India, New Delhi.
- Rajendra Prasad, 1949, Satyagraha in Champaran, Ahmedabad.
- Rajendra Prasad, 1957, Autobiography, Bombay.
- N. G. Ranga, 1949, Revolutionary Peasants, New Delhi.
- N. G. Ranga, 1968, Fight For Freedom, New Delhi.
- Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan, 1943, Naye Bharet ke Naye Neta (New Leaders of New India), in Hindi, Allahabad.
- Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan, 1957, Dimagi Gulami (Mental Slavery), in Hindi, Allahabad.
- Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan, 1961, Meri Jeewan Yatra (My Journey through Life), in Hindi, Allahabad.
- Shanin, Teodor, 1978, "Defining Peasants: Conceptualisations and Deconceptualisations: Old and New in a Marxist Debate", Manchester University.
- Anugrah Narayan Sinha, 1961, Mere Sansmaran (My Recollections), in Hindi Patna.
- Indradeep Sinha, 1969, Sathi ke Kisanon ka Aitihasic Sangharsha (Historic Struggle of Sathi Peasants), in Hindi, Patna.