Saheb Qibla Fultali
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Abdul Latif Chowdhury
Zakiganj, Sylhet, Bangladesh
|Died||16 January 2008 (aged 94-95)
Sobhanighat, Sylhet, Bangladesh
|Other names||Saheb Qiblah Fultali
Mujahidul Bulbul/ustadul muhaddiseen/
|Alma mater||Fultali Alia Madrasah
Badarpur Senior Madrashah
Matlaul Ulum Madrashah
|Influenced by||Shah Jalal
Abdul Qadir Jilani
Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi
Abu Yousuf Shah Muhammed Yaqub Badarpuri
|Children||Imad Uddin Chowdhury (1st son)
Najmuddin Chowdhury (2nd son)
Giash Uddin Chowdhury (4th son)
Husamuddin Chowdhury (7th son)
|Parents||Abdul Majid Chowdhury (father)|
The superior Alim-e-din, Raisul Qurra, Usdazul Muhaddisin, Hazrat Allama Abdul Latif Chowdhury (Bengali: হযরত আল্লামা আব্দুল লতিফ চৌধুরী; 1913 – 16 January 2008), widely known as Saheb Qiblah Fultali, was an Islamic scholar of theology, philosopher, qira'at/tajweed teacher, murshid, spiritual esotericist, philanthropist, and spiritual leader. He gained this identity through working for Islam for more than half a century. He always dedicated his life to the way of Allah. His contribution to teaching the Holy Quran played a vital role in the pious Muslims lives who wanted to learn the perfect way of Quran recitation. Saheb Qiblah Fultali was not only a true saint but also a philanthropist who devoted his life to serve the poor and needy people. Even today, his sons have been working on the way directed by him. His Tarikat falls under Jainpuri Silsila (succession). As a spiritual figure, he had been inviting the people to join the way of Islam since the moment he took vow to work for the sake of the religion.
Family Background 
Abdul Latif Chowdhury 'Saheb Qibla Fultali' was born on 1913 (1321 AH) in the village of Fultali, Zakiganj, Sylhet, Bangladesh. His father, Mufti Maolana Adul Majid Chowdhury (Rh.), was a renowned Alem and Faqih. His (his father) fame as an Alem (Shayekh) pervaded all over Bangla and Asam of all-India the then. Moulana Abdul Majid was engaged in teaching at Madrashahs. He was also a renowned saint. Being his eligible offspring, Saheb Qiblah Fultali obtained the highest position in Tariqat. During his prime years, an extremely large proportion of the Islamic scholars in the sub-continent were his students. He used to give written verdicts on various difficult religious and theological issues.
Saheb Qiblah Fultali  accomplished his primary education from Fultali Alia Madrasha. He got his cousin, Fatir Ali (Rh.) as his teacher while studying at primary school. He, at that time, was taught Qirat by Qari Syed Ali. His father used to work as a super at Gangajal Madrasha the then. Later, Maolana Abdul Majid got him (Futali Saheb) enrolled into Badarpur Senior Madrashah in 1338 Bangla upon his student, Maolana Abudr Rashid’s request. Saheb Qiblah Fultali finished the higher secondary level from there. Hence, his teacher and Murshid Abu Yusuf Shah Muhammad Yakub Badarpuri suggested him to enroll into Madrasha e Alia Rampur. Having been advised by his Murshid, he got admitted into Madrasha e Alia Rampur and finished Fanunnat, and then enrolled into Matlaul Ulum Madrashah in order to gain knowledge on Hadith. He stood first-class-first in the final examination of Hadith in 1355 Hijri. Apart from this, he obtained degrees on Tafsir and Fiqah. His teachers at that Madrashah were Allama Khalilullah Rampuri and Allama Waji uddin Rampuri.
Study of Ilm e Qirat & Tajweed 
Ilm e qirat & tajweed is a highly important aspect of religious knowledge and Fultali Saheb placed extreme importance to this. Many people regard this knowledge with negligence. Numerous Islamic scholars who possess profound knowledge in Shariah are evidently incorrect in their Qirat and the application of Tajweed within their recitation. However Hadrat Allamah Fultali Saheb Qiblah gained proficiency in Ilm e Qirat with great efficiency.
He obtained the first sanad (chain of scholars eventually leading to the Prophet (SAW)) in Ilm e Qirat from his Pir and Murshid Hadrat Abu Yousuf Shah Muhammed Yaqub Badarpuri (R). He began studying Ilm e Qirat in great depth by the suggestion of his Pir and Murshid, a renowned Qari of the Indian sub-continent Hadrat Maulana Hafiz Abdul Rauf Karampuri Shahbazpuri (R). Hadarat Shahbazpuri (R) was the student of world famous Qari Hadrat Irqisus al Misri(r). Hadrat Abdur Rauf (R) was from Karampur (presently known as Shabazpur) in Borolekha sub- district of Moulovi Bazaar district, and as a consequence of their birthplaces are known as Karampuri and Shabazpuri. In 1351 (Bangla) with the permission of his murshid he made journey to the Holy Land of revelation to study and achieve the highest sanad in Ilm e Qirat and Tajweed. There he attended the service of Raisul Qurra Ahmed al Hejazi(R) who was the most famous Qari of the whole Muslim world and the chief examiner of the qurra and Imams of Masjidul- al Haraam , to study Ilm e Qirat. At first Hadhrat Ahmed al Hejazi (R) mildly refused to listen to someone from India as the pronunciation of Indian students were perceived to be incorrect. However when he was informed that Allamah Fultali Saheb Qibla studied under the supervision of the famous qari Irqisus al Misri (r), he felt compellingly obliged.
The erudite scholars in his tariqa leading to Shaheed Sayyid Ahmed Berlovi (R) are: Hadrat Shah Muhammad Abdullah Chowdhury (R), Hadrat Maulana Gulam Salman (R), Hadrat Sufi Foteh Ali (R), Gazi e Balakut Hadrat Sufi Noor Muhammad Nizampuri (R) and finally. Hadrat Sayyid Ahmed Berlovi (R).
Fultali Saheb Qiblah is the descendant of the renowned scholar Hadrat Shah Ala Baksh (R) who is the descendant of Hadrat Shah Kamal (R) a famous companion of Hazrat Shah Jalal (R). His family lineage is as follows:
Allamah Abdul Latif Chowdhury Fultali; son of Mufti Maulana Abdul Majid Chowdhury son of Shah Muhammad Hiron son of Shah Muhammad Danish son of Shah Muhammad Sadeq son of Shah Muhammad Elahi Baksh son of Shah Muhammad Ala Baksh (R).
During the period when Hadrat Mujaddid e Alfe Sani Ahmed Sirhindi (R) revolted against the Deen e Elahi of the Mughal emperor Akbar, Hadrat Ala Baksh (R) was one of the great sages who played an immensely significant role in that movement. He moved to Fultali with his family from Jalalpur of Sylhet to occupy himself in strict spiritual endeavours.
From his offspring Hadrat Mufti Maulana Shah Muhammad Abdul Majid Nakshbandi Mujaddidi (R), Hadrat Allamah Fultali Saheb Qiblah was born.
Social & Political Activities 
Allama Saheb Qibla Fultali’s political life was full of struggles against all sorts of injustice and non-Islamic activities. He took active part in the revolt against the British regime. He also took part in the independence war of the subcontinent. His social and political recognition had several aspects. Fultali Saheb was very conscious about adopting Islamic culture. He had established hundreds of Madrashas and Maktabs. A Kamil Madrashah (Fultali Alia Madrasha) and an orphanage (Latifia Yatim Khana) are currently being maintained by his eldest son in his own village which was under his (Fultali Saheb Qbliah) supervision when he was alive. Approximately five hundred orphans have taken lodge in the orphanage. All of them are given proper opportunity to study. This orphanage (Latifia Yatim Khana) was named after Fultali Saheb Qiblah (Maolana Abdul Latif Chowdhury). Saheb Qibla’s second son, Maolana Najmuddin Chowdhury Fultali has been working at Fultali Alia Madrashah as the principal. His fourth son, Mufti Maolana Giash Uddin Chowdhury has been maintaining an organization named Latifia Complex that contains three sub institutes (Kindergarten, Quran Memorization Center, and Cadet School).
Anjumnae Madaris-e Arabia 
He established Anjumnae Madaris-e Arabia in order to ensure Madrashah teacher's right as well as to preserve the standard of Madrashah education. This organization is extremely strong. Jamiatul Mudarresin and Madaris-e Arabia are working hand to hand, because Saheb Qiblah' is the advisor of Jamiotul Mudarresin, and the founder and patron of Madaris-e-Arabia.
Darul Qirat Majidia Fultali Trust 
It has been mentioned earlier that Allama Saheb Qibla Fultali received his Ilm-e-Qirat certificate from his Murshid Hazrat Mawlana Shaha Yaqub Badarpuri (Rh). Hazrat Badarpuri would urge his disciples and followers to take themselves to the utmost perfection of reciting Holy Quran, as ones Salah will not be accepted unless ones Qirat is perfect, and failure to recite Quran perfectly is regarded as a failure to gain perfection in the most blessed Ibadat. So it is imperative for us all to learn the correct recitation of at least a few Surahs . Badarpuri Saheb was extremely pleased with Fultali Saheb’s Qirat since he taught him on his own. Nevertheless, Badarpuri Saheb perceived that Fultali Saheb would have to contribute in this outlet in a much broader way so as to benefit the common masses of people. Consequently, he advised him to upgrade his eligibility in Ilm-e-Qirat. Fultali Saheb Qiblah was involved with teaching at Badrapur Alia Madrashah during that time. He then went to the famous Qari of the subcontinent, Qari Mawlana Abdur Rouf Karampuri Shahbazpuri to enhance his knowledge in reciting Quran. Shahbazpuri was a student of Hazrat Irkasus Al Misri. He stayed at Makkah in later times and was taught by the famous Qari, the examiner of Haram Sharif, descendent of Egyptian caste, Raisul Qurra Ahmad Hijaji (Rh.). His enterprise took him to the utmost perfection in Ilm-e-Qirat. Consequently, he established Darul Qirat Majidia Fultali Trust in order to teach people Ilm-e-Qirat.
Fultali Saheb died on Thursday 16 January 2008 at 2:10 am, in Subhanighat, Sylhet due to natural causes. His funeral prayer took place on the day of his death following Asr Prayer Salah. This pious descendant of the Jainpuri Silsilah (chain) devoted his life for the humanity and the spiritual development of human beings. By arranging regular Khaneqa mahfils (spiritual activities centre) he inspired millions of followers to the path devotion and love of Allah (swt) and the tazkiyah of the nafs (purity of mind and soul). His compassion for religion, Rasul Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and humanity has made him the living embodiment of virtues and shelter to those who loves Rasul Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam.
See also 
- "Moulana Abdul Latif Chowdhury Fultali passes away.". UNB - United News of Bangladesh (Sylhet: HighBeam Research). 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2008-01-16. Copyright 2009 Asia Pulse Pty Ltd. This material is published under license from the publisher through the Gale Group, Farmington Hills, Michigan.