Sahib Singh

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Sahib Singh, Professor
Born (1892-02-16)16 February 1892[1]
Died 29 October 1977(1977-10-29) (aged 85)[1]
Patiala
Occupation Professor, essay writer, linguist, translator
Language Punjabi
Nationality Indian
Ethnicity Punjabi
Education B.A.[1]
Alma mater Govt. College, Lahore[1]
Period 1915
Subject Sikh religious philosophy
Notable works "Guru Granth Darpan (1962-64), Gurbani Vyakaran"[2]
Notable awards Honorary D. Lit Punjabi University Patiala on 7 Jan,1971[1]
Spouse Agya Kaur
Children son: Daljit Singh (eye specialist)
Website
www.gurugranthdarpan.com

Professor Sahib Singh (Punjabi: ਪ੍ਰੋ. ਸਾਹਿਬ ਸਿੰਘ, Hindi: प्रोफ़ेसर साहिब सिंघ; 16 February 1892 – 29 October 1977) was a renowned Sikh academic who made a tremendous contribution to Sikh literature. He was an exceptional grammarian, author, scholar and theologian. He was born in a Hindu family to father Hiranand and was named Natthu Ram [3]

Early life[edit]

As a youth, Natthu Ram was apprenticed to a Muslim teacher, Hayat Shah, son of the famous Punjabi poet, Hashim to teach him Persian.

Whilst at junior school, he saw Sikh soldiers and was so impressed with them that he decided to keep unshorn hair. In 1906, when he was in the ninth grade he became Amritdhari and assumed the name of Sahib Singh. It was the time when he stopped learning Persian and started learning Sanskrit, which later on helped him in understanding Guru Granth Sahib ji.[4]

Later life[edit]

After passing the tenth grade, Bhai Sahib joined a local school. Later, he applied for a job with the postal department, and got the job, borrowing 20 Rs from his house maid as traveling expenses.

Soon Bhai Sahib Singhs' desire for higher education became so great that he left home. He had no where to go with virtually no money in his pocket. He later met Pundit Vesta Parsad, a scholarly teacher for help.

Sahib Singh ji passed his FA and BA and started work at Frakka college and later joined Gujranwala Khalsa college. It was at this college that he met Bava Harkrishan Singh and Bhai Jodh Singh. Sahib Singh's financial situation had improved by this time so that he was able to pay back his debts.[4]

Employment[edit]

The untimely death of his father made the situation hard for him, yet he managed to enter Dyal Singh College, Lahore, and then the Government College, Lahore[5] where he obtained his bachelor's degree. In 1917 he joined Guru Nanak Khalsa College, Gujranwala[5] as a lecturer in Sanskrit.[6] In 1921 Bhai Sahib Singh ji became the Assistant General Secretary of the SGPC. Bhai Sahib Singh took part in Guru Ka Bagh Morcha in 1922 and was arrested. In 1923 Bhai ji was again arrested when he took part in Jaito Morcha. In 1927 Bhai ji rejoined Gujranwala college, where he stayed until 1936. At this time Bhai ji moved to Amritsar and joined the Khalsa college as a lecturer in Punjabi. At the college he met fellow Sikh scholars like Professor Teja Singh, Professor Ganda Singh, Bhai Veeram Singh and Prof Mohan Singh ji. In 1952 Sahib Singh ji retired from this college to take up a post as Principal at Shaheed Missionary college, Amritsar. In 1962 Bhai ji left to join his son at Sidhwan Bet near Jagroan. When his son moved to Patiala, Bhai ji took classes at Gurmat college in Patiala. He was awarded D.Lit by Punjabi University, Patiala in 1971.[7]

Health and illness[edit]

Prof. Sahib Singh was often afflicted with illnesses due to his tough working schedule. Nonetheless, Prof. Sahib Singh was a very strong willed person and remained in eternal happiness. Ultimately, he became very ill, being afflicted with Parkinson's disease. Bhai Sahib left for heavenly abode on 29 October 1977.

Publications[edit]

Prof. Sahib Singh wrote extensively in Punjabi, but most of his works have now been translated into English, Hindi and other prominent world languages.[8]

  • Savaiye Sri Mukhvak Maihla 5 ate Bhatta De Savaiye Steek (1930)
  • Jap Ji Sahib Steek (1931)
  • Asa Di Vaar Steek (1933)
  • Sad Steek (1935)
  • Bhattan de Savaiye Steek (1935)
  • Sukhmani Sahib Steek (1939)
  • Khulhe Maidan
  • Jaap Sahib Savaiye Chaupai Steek (1944)
  • Dasa Varan Steek (1946)
  • Salok Te Shabad Farid Ji Steek (1946)
  • Dharmic Loka (1946)
  • Gurbani Te Itihas Bare (1946)
  • Burai Da Takra (1946)
  • Salok Guru Angad Sahib Steek (1948)
  • Chanan Munare (1949)
  • Salok Kabir Ji Steek (1949)
  • Satte Balwand Di Var Steek (1949)
  • Gurbani Vyakarn (1950)
  • Chara Varan Steek (1951)
  • Dharam Te Sadachar (1951)
  • Sarbat Da Bhala (1951)
  • Siddh Gost Steek (1957)
  • Bhagat Bani Steek Pahila Hisa (1959)
  • Bhagat Bani Steek Duja Hisa (1959)
  • Bhagat Bani Steek Tija Hisa (1959)
  • Bhagat Bani Steek Chautha Hisa (1960)
  • Bhagat Bani Steek Punjvah Hisa (1960)
  • Sikh Sidak Na Haare (1962)
  • Jeevan Britant - Guru Nanak Dev Ji
  • Jeevan Britant - Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji
  • Jeevan Britant - Sri Guru Amar Das Ji
  • Jeevan Britant - Sri Guru Ramdas Ji
  • Jeevan Britant - Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji
  • Sri Guru Granth Sahib Darpan (Dasa Pothiarn) (1965)
  • Jeevan Britant - Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji (1966)
  • Jeevan Britant - Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji
  • Jeevan Britant - Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji
  • Jeevan Britant - Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib te Sri Guru Harkrishan Sahib
  • Gur Itihas Patshahi 2 ton 9 (1968)
  • Aad Bir bare (1970)
  • Sikh Sidak Na Hare
  • Sadachar Lekh (1971)
  • Simran Diya Barkata (1971)
  • Barahmaha, Tukhari Te Maajh (1972)
  • Meri Jeevan Kahani (1977)

Posthumous[edit]

  • Nitnem Steek (1979)
  • Babania Kahanian (1981)
  • Bani Maihla 9 Steek (2003)

Technological advancements[edit]

The translation of Sri Guru Granth Sahib by Professor Sahib Singh has been made available on the Gurbani-CD and on the Internet. The typing work of this Teeka was spearheaded by Avtar Singh Dhami of Union City, California, USA. Dr. Thind formatted the text of Teeka by Professor Sahib Singh to improve the use of text on the computer and for the Internet. He also made the web pages of Teeka that are available on http://www.gurugranthdarpan.com[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Sikh Dharam de Mahaan Widwaan. 1051,Kucha No 14, Field Ganj , Ludhiana: Sikh missionary College. First published 1977. 
  2. ^ "Sahib Singh Professor-The Sikh Encyclopedia". Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  3. ^ Meri Jeevan Kahani - Autobiography of Professor Sahib Singh Ji, B. Jawahar Singh Kirpal Singh and Company, Amritsar
  4. ^ a b http://www.sikh-history.com/sikhhist/personalities/sewadars/santsohansingh.html
  5. ^ a b Gurabni Vyakaran by Professor Sahib Singh, ISBN 81-7205-005-4
  6. ^ http://www.sikhsangat.org/2010/10/october-29th-sahib-singh-ji
  7. ^ Bhagat Bani Steek by Professor Sahib Singh, ISBN 81-7205-041-0
  8. ^ http://www.jsks.co.in/Professor_Sahib_Singh_Ji.htm
  9. ^ http://www.sgpc.net/imp%20links/contributions.asp

External links[edit]