Sahuarita Air Force Range

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Sahuarita Air Force Range
US Army Air Corps Hap Arnold Wings.svg
Sahuarita, Arizona, United States
Tucson Arizona area World War II.jpg
Military installations in the Tucson area during World War II.
Type Training ground
Site information
Controlled by  United States
Site history
Built 1942
In use 1942 - 1978
Garrison information
Occupants United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
(1942-1947)
Seal of the US Air Force.svg United States Air Force
(1947-1978)

The Sahuarita Air Force Range, also known as the Sahuarita Bombing & Gunnery Range, was built just east of Sahuarita, Arizona, in 1942. It was used for the training of bombardiers, aerial gunners, anti-aircraft gunners, and others during World War II and the Korean War. The abandoned Sahuarita Flight Strip is located in the southwestern corner of the range, and was used as an emergency flight strip until 1978. Before deactivation, the airspace over the range was protected by its own restricted area, R-310.[1][2][3]

History[edit]

The range was completed by April 1942, shortly after the United States joined in the war, and was called the Sahuarita Bombing & Gunnery Range. It was located approximately twenty miles southeast of Tucson and about two miles east of Sahuarita. The range itself spanned 27,045-acres and consisted of multiple large round targets made of stone. Most of the range was located east of the town, although some areas that are now part of Sahuarita's northern end were also used. The Sahuarita Flight Strip wasn't opened until 1943. Before that time, the air crewmen who used the facility were flying out of Davis-Monthan Army Airfield. The Sahuarita airfield had twelve buildings and other structures, observation towers, a 5,540-foot paved runway, utility lines, and a range for radio-controlled aircraft operations.[1][2][3]

After World War II ended, the range was closed, but in 1950 it was reopened again and renamed the Sahuarita Air Force Range. Most of those who used the range at this time were bomber crews flying out of Carswell Air Force Base in Texas. After the Korean War, the Strategic Air Command kept the airfield in service as an emergency flight strip, even though it was "dangerously close" to the targets used for training. In 1978, the range was finally closed when the federal government released the lands to the public. The land is now owned by the State of Arizona, which has leased most of it to a cattle rancher. It was noted that in 1978, 2,550 acres of the range were cleared of explosive ordnance.[1][2][3]

As of today, a school and a park occupy the site of the airfield, although most of the flight strip remains intact. There have been "only a few" bombs found on the range over the years, as well as other objects that resemble bombs, but most of the bombs dropped by the military were actually "dummies," which were filled with sand. However, officials from the Army Corps of Engineers say that there is still a chance that unexploded ordnance remains buried in the ground. Lloyd Godard, a project manager with the Corps of Engineers' Los Angeles regional office, said: "On any bombing range, there's always a chance that things could have gone under the surface... High explosives were used on one of the Sahuarita range target areas."[2][3]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Sahuarita Air Force Range". Retrieved December 6, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Abandoned & Little-Known Airfields: Arizona - Southeastern Tucson area". Retrieved December 6, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Old bomb site to be checked: Arizona Daily Star". Retrieved December 6, 2012. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.