Saif al-Arab Gaddafi

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For his older brother, see Saif al-Islam Gaddafi.
Saif al-Arab Gaddafi
سيف العرب القذافي
Born 1982
Tripoli, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Died 30 April 2011 (aged 29) (killed in action) [1]
Tripoli, Libya
Resting place
Al-Hani Cemetery, Tripoli, Libya
Alma mater Technical University of Munich
Relatives Muammar Gaddafi (father)
Safia Farkash (mother)

Saif al-Arab Gaddafi (Arabic: سيف العرب القذافي‎, lit. Sword of the Arabs; of the Gaddafa; 1982 – 30 April 2011) was the sixth son of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.[2] From around 2006 to 2010, Saif al-Arab spent much of his time in Munich where he was enrolled at the Technical University Munich. On 30 April 2011, the Libyan government reported that Saif al-Arab and three of his young nieces and nephews were killed by a NATO airstrike on his house during the Libyan civil war.[3][4] During the beginning of the uprising, Saif al-Arab was put in charge of military forces by his father in order to put down protesters in Benghazi.[5] Saif al-Arab was viewed as the most low-profile of Gaddafi's eight children.

Early life[edit]

Saif al-Arab was born in 1982 in the Libyan capital of Tripoli. His father was Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi,[6] and his mother was Safia Farkash, Gaddafi's second wife.[7] Saif al-Arab was wounded in the U.S. bombing attack of 1986 when he was four years old.[8]

Life in Munich[edit]

In 2006 Saif al-Arab enrolled as a student at the Technical University of Munich in Germany.[9] In November that year, while living as a student in Munich, Saif al-Arab became involved in a fight with a nightclub bouncer, after his girlfriend was thrown out of Munich’s "4004" nightclub for performing a strip show for Saif al-Arab. In the resulting scuffle Saif al-Arab received a cut to his head. Although Saif al-Arab was charged, the Munich public prosecutor dropped charges on the basis that a prosecution would not be in the public interest. German police later received reports that Saif al-Arab was planning an acid attack against the bouncer and the Libyan embassy in Germany unsuccessfully attempted to secure diplomatic immunity for Saif al-Arab. By March 2007, Saif al-Arab's location was not known and it was thought that he was not in Germany.[10]

In 2008, Saif al-Arab was again studying in Munich. Excessive noise from the exhaust of his Ferrari F430 led to questions from the German police[2] and his car being impounded.[11] Also that year Saif al-Arab was suspected of attempting to smuggle an assault rifle, a revolver and munitions from Munich to Paris in a car with diplomatic number plates. However, the case was later dropped as the alleged weapons were never found and the German public prosecutor decided that there was insufficient evidence to proceed with a prosecution.[9] The Guardian newspaper reported that German police officers had stated that the case was dropped out of fear that German businesses and residents in Libya would suffer retaliatory action, although this was denied by the German prosecutor's office.[12] In addition to his studies, Al Jazeera reported Saif al-Arab engaged in unspecified business activities and spent much of his time partying while in Munich.[13] Notwithstanding these media reports, Saif al-Arab was viewed as the most low-profile of Gaddafi's sons.[14]

Actions during the Libyan civil war[edit]

In February 2011, following the outbreak of the Libyan civil war, the German press reported that Saif al-Arab had returned to Libya. Subsequently, the Bavarian Interior Ministry stated that he had been declared persona non grata.[15]

On 26 February 2011, the United Nations Security Council issued Resolution 1970 which imposed a travel ban on Saif al-Arab but stopped short of imposing asset freezing as it did with many other members of the Gaddafi family.[6] An Interpol notice (orange notice) was then issued against him.[16]

Death[edit]

On 30 April 2011, a Libyan government spokesman, Moussa Ibrahim, announced an air strike on Saif al-Arab's house had killed Saif al-Arab, along with three of Muammar Gaddafi's grandchildren. Moussa Ibrahim refused to release the names of the grandchildren killed for "privacy reasons". The government also claimed Muammar Gaddafi was present in the house during the attack, but "escaped".[4] The next day Libyan state TV showed footage of two bodies in a hospital fully covered and veiled, and thus unidentifiable, but claimed that one of them was Saif al-Arab Gaddafi's corpse.[1]

NATO said it struck a command and control center, not a residential structure and that it was not targeting individuals.[1] The British Foreign and Commonwealth Office says it is unable to verify if Saif al-Arab or his relatives were killed.[17]

Members of the opposition centred in Benghazi have speculated that the Libyan government's claim of Saif al-Arab's death was a tactic to gain sympathy.[1] Abdul Hafez Goga, spokesman for the National Transitional Council, said he thinks it could all be fabrication: "Back in 1986, Gaddafi once claimed that Ronald Reagan, then US president, had launched a strike on his compound in Tripoli and killed his daughter. Many journalists since then investigated and found out that the actual child that had died had nothing to do with Gaddafi, that he sort of adopted her posthumously."[4]

NATO claimed that it has no evidence of his death and could neither confirm nor deny Libyan claims. They further said what the Libyan government has called a "residence" actually held an underground bunker which is used as a command and control center and that was the target.[18]

The French surgeon Gérard Le Clouerec who worked at a private clinic in Libya was asked by the Libyan authorities to provide independent verification of the identity of the bodies of one adult and two children. While Le Clouerec was confident that all three had been killed as a result of blast injuries, due to the severity of the injuries he could not identify the bodies of the children. He was able to confirm that the adult corpse was the body of a man aged about 30, with a thin moustache and beard. Le Clouerec was shown a photograph, which he was told depicted Saif al-Arab. The face of the man's body matched that of the photograph[19] and Le Clouerec concluded that the body was "most probably the son of Colonel Gaddafi."[20] The highest-ranking Roman Catholic official in Tripoli, Apostolic Vicar Giovanni Innocenzo Martinelli, also confirmed the death of Saif al-Arab; his body was reported to be shown to the leaders of churches in Libya.[21]

On 25 May, Silvio Berlusconi, the Italian prime minister, dismissed claims of Saif al-Arab's death as propaganda. He said that according to intelligence services, Saif al-Arab was not dead but was living in another unspecified country.[22]

In August, with the pro-Gaddafi forces on the brink of losing Tripoli, Saif al-Arab's brother Mutassim spoke of envying Saif al-Arab as according to Mutassim, his brother had been "martyred" in a NATO airsrike. Mutassim had been speaking privately to his former girlfriend, Talitha van Zon.[23]

Funeral[edit]

External images
Reuters – Libyans attend the funeral of Saif Al-Arab Gaddafi

About 2,000 of Muammar Gaddafi's supporters attended the funeral of the Libyan leader's son Saif al-Arab, his second youngest, in Tripoli on 2 May 2011, as the regime intensified its attack on the besieged city of Misrata. The elder Gaddafi himself did not attend the funeral, however, two of his other sons, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, who was seen as his father's intended successor, and Hannibal were both observed in the crowd.[24]

Saif al-Arab's body, covered in a cloth of pro-Gaddafi green, was brought to the Al-Hani Cemetery in a black ambulance.

Three of Muammar Gaddafi's grandchildren, identified by the authorities as being a child each of Hannibal, Muhammad and their sister Ayesha, were also buried.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Libya Live Blog". Al Jazeera. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Knowing Muammar al-Gaddafi’s Children More Closely". World News Connection. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  3. ^ "Nato strike 'kills Saif al-Arab Gaddafi', Libya says". BBC. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c "Nato strike 'kills Gaddafi's youngest son'". Al Jazeera English. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  5. ^ Borger, Julian (1 May 2011). "Gaddafi's son Saif al-Arab was well known to German police". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "In Swift, Decisive Action, Security Council Imposes Tough Measures on Libyan Regime, Adopting Resolution 1970 in Wake of Crackdown on Protesters". UN. 26 February 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "The Eight children of Gaddafi". Aspen Classifieds. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "Hitting the Source U.S. Bombers Strike At". Time Magazine. 28 April 1986. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  9. ^ a b "Investigation of Gadhafi son's alleged weapons smuggling is dropped in Germany". St. Petersburg Times. 7 February 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  10. ^ Holm, Carsten (4 March 2007). "German-Libyan Diplomatic Relations Strained". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  11. ^ "The Gaddafi family tree". BBC. 21 February 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  12. ^ Borger, Julian (1 May 2011). "Gaddafi's son Saif al-Arab was well known to German police". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  13. ^ Haddad, Karim (28 February 2011). "Keeping up with the Gaddafis". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  14. ^ "Gaddafi's children as controversial as father". Al Arabiya. 23 February 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  15. ^ "Gadhafi's son had survived US strike in 1986". Mail.com (Cairo). Associated Press. 2 May 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  16. ^ "Interpol issues global alert on Gaddafi & 15 others". Al Arabiya. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  17. ^ Dmitracova, Olesya (1 May 2011). "UK cannot verify report of death of Gaddafi's son". Reuters. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  18. ^ "No evidence Gaddafi's son killed: NATO". Brisbane Times. 2 May 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  19. ^ "Libya's Gaddafi presses offensive after son killed". Reuters India. Reuters. 2 May 2011. 
  20. ^ http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/global-filipino/world/05/02/11/gaddafi-tanks-pound-rebel-city-ahead-sons-funeral
  21. ^ "Nato kills Gaddafi son, grandchildren". Arab Times. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  22. ^ "Berlusconi: Gaddafi's son not dead". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  23. ^ Meo, Nick (28 August 2011). "Mutassim Gaddafi's girlfriend tells of the final days of Libyan regime". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  24. ^ Noueihed, Lin (2 May 2011). "Gaddafi son mourned, NATO hits Misrata outskirts". Reuters Africa. Reuters. Retrieved 2 May 2011.