Lake Saiful Muluk

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Saif Ul Malook
Saif ul muluk.jpg
in spring
Location Kaghan Valley
Coordinates 34°52′37″N 73°41′40″E / 34.876957°N 73.694485°E / 34.876957; 73.694485Coordinates: 34°52′37″N 73°41′40″E / 34.876957°N 73.694485°E / 34.876957; 73.694485
Lake type Alpine lake
Primary inflows glacial runoff
Basin countries Pakistan
Surface area 2.75 km2 (1.06 sq mi)
Surface elevation 3,224 metres (10,577 ft)
Settlements Naran
Lake Saiful-muluk near Naran during the month of June
Newly developed bridge at Lake Saifal Malook

Saiful Muluk (Urdu: جھیل سیف الملوک‎)is an alpine lake located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley (34°52′37.34″N 73°41′37.71″E / 34.8770389°N 73.6938083°E / 34.8770389; 73.6938083), near the town of Naran.[1] It is in the north east of Mansehra District in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. At an altitude of 3,224 m (10,578 feet) above sea level it is amongst one of the highest lakes in Pakistan. There is also a similar named fictional story associated with the lake.

The weather here is moderate during day time while the temperature drops to minus degrees at night.

Location[edit]

Saiful Muluk is located in district Mansehra of Hazara Division. It is about eight kilometers north of Naran,[2] in the Northern part of Kaghan valley. Malika Parbat, the highest peak in the valley is located near the lake.[3]

Malika Parbat[edit]

‘Malika Parbat’ is the highest mountain in the Hazara Division, and it is clearly visible from the popular tourist spot of Lake Saiful Maluk in Kaghan Valley. [4]

Physical features[edit]

Saiful Muluk was formed by glacial moraines that blocked the water of the stream passing through the valley.[5] Water from multiple glaciers around the lake feed it.[1]

History[edit]

A fairy tale called Saiful Muluk, written by the famous Sufi poet Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, is associated with the lake.[6] It is the story of the prince of Persia who fell in love with a fairy princess at the lake named.[7] The impact of the lake's beauty is of such extent that people believe that fairies come down to the lake in the full moon. A poet and writer from Balakot Dr Mujahid hussain wrote the story of Saiful Muluk in prose depicting the local version.

Saiful Muluk in winters

Ecology[edit]

Large brown trout are found in the lake, each typically weighing about seven kilograms.[8] About 26 species of vascular plant exist in the area, with Asteraceae the most commonly found specie. Other species commonly found in the region are: Ranunculaceae, Compositae, Ranunculaceae, Cruciferae, Gramineae, Apiaceae, Leguminosae, Scrophulariaceae and Polygonaceae.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Zia-ur-Rehman Mashwani; Muhammad Arshad, Mushtaq Ahmad, Mir Ajab Khan (June 2011). "Diversity and distribution pattern of alpine vegetation along Lake Saif-ul-Mulook, Western Himalaya, Pakistan" (PDF). International Proceedings of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering (Singapore: International Association of Computer Science and Information Technology Press) 16: 155–162. doi:10.7763/IPCBEE. ISSN 2010-4618. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Ihsan Ali. "Natural Heritage of Kaghan Valley" (PDF). Mapping and Documentation of the Cultural Assets of Kaghan Valley, Mansehra (Report). Islamabad: UNESCO. p. 46. http://unesco.org.pk/culture/documents/publications/Mapping%20and%20Documentation%20of%20the%20Cultural%20Assets%20of%20Kaghan%20Valley,%20Mansehra.pdf. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  3. ^ Manzoor Hussain; Ghulam Mujtaba Shah, Mir Ajab Khan (5 March 2006). "Traditional Medicinal and Economic uses of Gymnosperms of Kaghan Valley, Pakistan". Ethnobotanical Leaflets 10: 72. ISSN 1948-3570. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  4. ^ http://www.pakistanalpine.com/articles/malika-parbat-first-pakistani-danish-mountaineering-expedition/
  5. ^ J. Ehlers; P.L. Gibbard (29 July 2004). Quaternary Glaciations - Extent and Chronology (2 ed.). Elsevier. pp. 305–306. ISBN 978-0444515933. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  6. ^ Saif-ul-Malook in miniature art
  7. ^ Pristine lakes of the north
  8. ^ Muhammad Yaqoob (14 March 2003). "Production and culture of trout in the Northwest Frontier Province and Northern Areas of Pakistan, A review". In T. Peter, S. B. Swar. Cold water fisheries in the trans-Himalayan countries. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 327. ISBN 978-9251048078. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 

External links[edit]