Lake Saiful Muluk

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Saif Ul Malook
Saif ul muluk.jpg
in spring
Location Kaghan Valley
Coordinates 34°52′37″N 73°41′40″E / 34.876957°N 73.694485°E / 34.876957; 73.694485Coordinates: 34°52′37″N 73°41′40″E / 34.876957°N 73.694485°E / 34.876957; 73.694485
Lake type Mountainous lake
Primary inflows glacial runoff
Basin countries Pakistan
Surface area 2.75 km2 (1.06 sq mi)
Surface elevation 3,224 metres (10,577 ft)
Settlements Naran
Lake Saiful-muluk near Naran during the month of June
Newly developed bridge at Lake Saifal Malook

Saiful Muluk (Urdu: جھیل سیف الملوک‎)is a mountainous lake located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley (34°52′37.34″N 73°41′37.71″E / 34.8770389°N 73.6938083°E / 34.8770389; 73.6938083), near the town of Naran.[1] It is in the north east of Mansehra District in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. At an altitude of 3,224 m (10,578 feet) above sea level it is amongst one of the highest lakes in Pakistan. There is also a similar named fictional story associated with the lake.

The weather here is moderate during day time while the temperature drops to minus degrees at night.


Saiful Muluk is located in district Mansehra of Hazara Division. It is about eight kilometers north of Naran,[2] in the Northern part of Kaghan valley. Malika Parbat, the highest peak in the valley is located near the lake.[3]

Malika Parbat[edit]

‘Malika Parbat’ is the highest mountain in the Hazara Division, and it is clearly visible from the popular tourist spot of Lake Saiful Maluk in Kaghan Valley. [4]

Physical features[edit]

Saiful Muluk was formed by glacial moraines that blocked the water of the stream passing through the valley.[5] Water from multiple glaciers around the lake feed it.[1]


A fairy tale called Saiful Muluk, written by the famous Sufi poet Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, is associated with the lake.[6] It is the story of the prince of Persia who fell in love with a fairy princess at the lake named.[7] The impact of the lake's beauty is of such extent that people believe that fairies come down to the lake in the full moon. A poet and writer from Balakot Ahmed Hussain Mujahid wrote the story of Saiful Muluk in prose depicting the local version. But it is a strong view point of scholars that this lack had no links with real story of Saif Ul Muluk because this tale had Arabic origin and first time it was included in Dastan Alif Laila الف لیلی. It was a shortest tale which covers only one and half page of aforesaid book. Mian Muhammad Bukhsh in his Mathnviمثنوی سفرالعشق المعروف قصہ سیف الملوکused all characters and places from Arabic areas and society. The locals took all plot from this Mathnvi and claims its origin to this area which is totally sic and false.

Saiful Muluk in winters


Large brown trout are found in the lake, each typically weighing about seven kilograms.[8] About 26 species of vascular plant exist in the area, with Asteraceae the most commonly found specie. Other species commonly found in the region are: Ranunculaceae, Compositae, Ranunculaceae, Cruciferae, Gramineae, Apiaceae, Leguminosae, Scrophulariaceae and Polygonaceae.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Zia-ur-Rehman Mashwani; Muhammad Arshad, Mushtaq Ahmad, Mir Ajab Khan (June 2011). "Diversity and distribution pattern of alpine vegetation along Lake Saif-ul-Mulook, Western Himalaya, Pakistan" (PDF). International Proceedings of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering (Singapore: International Association of Computer Science and Information Technology Press) 16: 155–162. doi:10.7763/IPCBEE. ISSN 2010-4618. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Ihsan Ali. "Natural Heritage of Kaghan Valley" (PDF). Mapping and Documentation of the Cultural Assets of Kaghan Valley, Mansehra (Report). Islamabad: UNESCO. p. 46.,%20Mansehra.pdf. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  3. ^ Manzoor Hussain; Ghulam Mujtaba Shah, Mir Ajab Khan (5 March 2006). "Traditional Medicinal and Economic uses of Gymnosperms of Kaghan Valley, Pakistan". Ethnobotanical Leaflets 10: 72. ISSN 1948-3570. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ J. Ehlers; P.L. Gibbard (29 July 2004). Quaternary Glaciations - Extent and Chronology (2 ed.). Elsevier. pp. 305–306. ISBN 978-0444515933. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  6. ^ Saif-ul-Malook in miniature art
  7. ^ Pristine lakes of the north
  8. ^ Muhammad Yaqoob (14 March 2003). "Production and culture of trout in the Northwest Frontier Province and Northern Areas of Pakistan, A review". In T. Peter, S. B. Swar. Cold water fisheries in the trans-Himalayan countries. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 327. ISBN 978-9251048078. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 

External links[edit]