Saignon

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Saignon
2008-0921-039-Saignon.jpg
Saignon is located in France
Saignon
Saignon
Coordinates: 43°51′50″N 5°25′44″E / 43.8639°N 5.4289°E / 43.8639; 5.4289Coordinates: 43°51′50″N 5°25′44″E / 43.8639°N 5.4289°E / 43.8639; 5.4289
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Vaucluse
Arrondissement Apt
Canton Apt
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Jacques Azzuro
Area
 • Land1 19.6 km2 (7.6 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 1,064
 • Population2 density 54/km2 (140/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 84105 / 84400
Elevation 230–634 m (755–2,080 ft)
(avg. 450 m or 1,480 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saignon is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. The nearest town is Apt.

There is a bakery/cafe, two restaurants, and a general store. The school has about 100 students and is attached to the post office.

History[edit]

The area was first occupied in the Middle Palaeolithic age. The rock at Saignon, on a prominent location over the valley, was used as an ancient observatory and possibly a signal station. The name Saignon is believed to derive from word Sagnio, which comes from the word signum.[1]

The 12th century Romanesque church of Notre-Dame de Pitié, also known as Saint Mary of Saignon, has been a stopping point for religious pilgrims since the Middle Ages: in addition to local pilgrims from Provence, it was positioned on the way for those traveling to Rome along the Via Domitia, and for Italian pilgrims going to Santiago de Compostela in Spain.[1]

The 11th century Benedictine Abbaye Saint-Eusèbe, located just outside the town, traces its history to an earlier 6th century structure. After being destroyed and rebuilt several times, the Lord of Saignon restored the abbey to the Order of Saint Giles, which received support from the Benedictine Cluny Abbey and its abbot, St. Odilon. Pope Urban II passed through the area in 1096 and devoted the church which had been recently rebuilt. The abbey is now rented to the public for events.[2]

Geography[edit]

The village is 4 km (2 mi) from Apt, and sits on a prominent point over the valley.[1] The Calavon forms the commune's north-eastern border.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Townes and Villages: Saignon, Office de Tourisme d'Apt, Accessed March 24, 2009.
  2. ^ History, Abbaye Saint-Eusèbe, Accessed March 24, 2009.

External links[edit]