Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Saigoku Kannon Pilgrimage (西国三十三所 Saigoku Sanjūsan-sho?) is a pilgrimage of thirty-three Buddhist temples throughout the Kansai region of Japan, similar to the Shikoku Pilgrimage. In addition to the official thirty-three temples, there are an additional three known as bangai (番外?). The principal image in each temple is Kannon, known to Westners as the Goddess of Mercy; however, there is some variation among the images and the powers they possess.

It is traditional for pilgrims to wear white clothing and conical straw hats and to carry walking sticks. While the route was historically traveled by foot, today pilgrims usually use cars or trains. Pilgrims record their progress with a prayer book (納経帖 Nōkyō-chō?), which the temple staff mark with red stamps and Japanese calligraphy indicating the temple number, the temple name, and the specific name of the Kannon image. Some pilgrims receive the stamps and calligraphy on wall scrolls (for a decorative hanging) and on their white coats (to be cremated in) as well.

The goeika songs of the 33 temples are widely known and frequently grouped together.

Temples[edit]

No. Temple Honzon (main image) City/Ward/Town Prefecture Image Coordinates
1 Seiganto-ji Nyoirin Kannon
(Cintāmani-cakra)
Nachikatsuura Wakayama Seiganto-ji 33°40′9.15″N 135°53′23.31″E / 33.6692083°N 135.8898083°E / 33.6692083; 135.8898083 (Seiganto-ji)
2 Ki-mii-dera Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Wakayama Wakayama Ki-mii-dera 34°11′07″N 135°11′24″E / 34.185167°N 135.190025°E / 34.185167; 135.190025 (Ki-mii-dera)
3 Kokawa-dera Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja Sahasra-netra)
Kinokawa Wakayama Kokawa-dera 34°16′51″N 135°24′21″E / 34.280961°N 135.405908°E / 34.280961; 135.405908 (Kokawa-dera)
4 Sefuku-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja Sahasra-netra)
Izumi Osaka Sefuku-ji 34°23′34″N 135°30′42″E / 34.392908°N 135.511578°E / 34.392908; 135.511578 (Sefuku-ji)
5 Fujii-dera Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja Sahasra-netra)
Fujiidera Osaka Fujii-dera 34°34′13″N 135°35′48″E / 34.570186°N 135.596556°E / 34.570186; 135.596556 (Fujii-dera)
6 Minamihokke-ji (Tsubosaka-dera) Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja Sahasra-netra)
Takatori Nara Minamihokke-ji (Tsubosaka-dera) 34°25′35″N 135°48′35″E / 34.426417°N 135.809861°E / 34.426417; 135.809861 (Minamihokke-ji)
7 Oka-dera Nyoirin Kannon
(Cintāmani-cakra)
Asuka Nara Oka-dera 34°28′18″N 135°49′42″E / 34.471789°N 135.828372°E / 34.471789; 135.828372 (Oka-dera)
Bangai Hōki-in Sakurai Nara Hōki-in 34°31′58″N 135°54′35″E / 34.532819°N 135.909858°E / 34.532819; 135.909858 (Hōki-in)
8 Hase-dera Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Sakurai Nara Hase-dera 34°32′09″N 135°54′25″E / 34.535894°N 135.906825°E / 34.535894; 135.906825 (Hase-dera)
9 Nan'endō Fukūkenjaku Kannon
(Amoghapāśa)
Nara Nara Nan'endō 34°41′00″N 135°50′01″E / 34.683325°N 135.833606°E / 34.683325; 135.833606 (Kofuku-ji)
10 Mimuroto-ji Senju Kannon (Sahasra-bhuja) Uji Kyoto Mimuroto-ji 34°54′02″N 135°49′09″E / 34.900478°N 135.819194°E / 34.900478; 135.819194 (Mimuroto-ji)
11 Kami Daigo-ji Juntei Kannon (Cundi) Fushimi-ku, Kyoto Kyoto Kami Daigo-ji 34°57′04″N 135°49′11″E / 34.950992°N 135.819586°E / 34.950992; 135.819586 (Daigo-ji)
12 Shōhō-ji (Iwama-dera) Senju Kannon (Sahasra-bhuja) Otsu Shiga Shōhō-ji (Iwama-dera) 34°55′59″N 135°52′42″E / 34.933°N 135.878389°E / 34.933; 135.878389 (Shōhō-ji)
13 Ishiyama-dera Nyoirin Kannon
(Cintāmani-cakra)
Otsu Shiga Ishiyama-dera 34°57′38″N 135°54′20″E / 34.960419°N 135.905625°E / 34.960419; 135.905625 (Ishiyama-dera)
14 Mii-dera Nyoirin Kannon
(Cintāmani-cakra)
Otsu Shiga Mii-dera 35°00′48″N 135°51′10″E / 35.013358°N 135.85285°E / 35.013358; 135.85285 (Mii-dera)
Bangai Gankei-ji Kyoto Kyoto Gankei-ji 34°59′19″N 135°48′04″E / 34.988639°N 135.801167°E / 34.988639; 135.801167 (Gankei-ji)
15 Imakumano Kannon-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto Kyoto Imakumano Kannon-ji 34°58′47″N 135°46′51″E / 34.979706°N 135.780842°E / 34.979706; 135.780842 (Kannon-ji)
16 Kiyomizu-dera Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja Sahasra-netra)
Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto Kyoto Kiyomizu-dera 34°59′41″N 135°47′06″E / 34.994831°N 135.785003°E / 34.994831; 135.785003 (Kiyomizu-dera)
17 Rokuharamitsu-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto Kyoto Rokuharamitsu-ji 34°59′50″N 135°46′24″E / 34.997103°N 135.773308°E / 34.997103; 135.773308 (Rokuharamitsu-ji)
18 Chōhō-ji (Rokkaku-dō) Nyoirin Kannon
(Cintāmani-cakra)
Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto Kyoto Chōhō-ji (Rokkaku-dō) 35°00′26″N 135°45′37″E / 35.007222°N 135.760278°E / 35.007222; 135.760278 (Chōhō-ji)
19 Gyōgan-ji (Kōdō) Senju Kannon (Sahasra-bhuja) Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto Kyoto Gyōgan-ji (Kōdō) 35°00′59″N 135°46′04″E / 35.0163°N 135.767761°E / 35.0163; 135.767761 (Gyōgan-ji)
20 Yoshimine-dera Senju Kannon (Sahasra-bhuja) Nishikyo-ku Kyoto Yoshimine-dera 34°56′17″N 135°38′39″E / 34.938167°N 135.644194°E / 34.938167; 135.644194 (Yoshimine-dera)
21 Anao-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara)
Kameoka Kyoto Anao-ji 35°00′24″N 135°32′57″E / 35.006675°N 135.549192°E / 35.006675; 135.549192 (Anao-ji)
22 Sōji-ji Senju Kannon (Sahasra-bhuja) Ibaraki Osaka Sōji-ji (Osaka) 34°49′45″N 135°34′54″E / 34.829103°N 135.581569°E / 34.829103; 135.581569 (Sōji-ji)
23 Katsuō-ji Senju Kannon (Sahasra-bhuja) Minoh Osaka Katsuō-ji 34°51′57″N 135°29′28″E / 34.865833°N 135.491111°E / 34.865833; 135.491111 (Katsuō-ji)
24 Nakayama-dera Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Takarazuka Hyōgo Nakayama-dera 34°49′18″N 135°22′04″E / 34.821667°N 135.367667°E / 34.821667; 135.367667 (Nakayama-dera)
Bangai Bodai-ji Sanda Hyōgo Bodai-ji 34°56′25″N 135°14′26″E / 34.940389°N 135.2405°E / 34.940389; 135.2405 (Bodai-ji)
25 Kiyomizu-dera Senju Kannon (Sahasra-bhuja) Katō Hyōgo Bansyu Kiyomizudera 34°58′21″N 135°04′55″E / 34.972494°N 135.081822°E / 34.972494; 135.081822 (Kiyomizu-dera (Hyogo))
26 Ichijō-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara)
Kasai Hyōgo Ichijō-ji 34°51′34″N 134°49′08″E / 34.859308°N 134.819025°E / 34.859308; 134.819025 (Ichijō-ji)
27 Engyō-ji Nyoirin Kannon
(Cintāmani-cakra)
Himeji Hyōgo Engyō-ji 34°53′28″N 134°39′29″E / 34.891139°N 134.658139°E / 34.891139; 134.658139 (Engyō-ji)
28 Nariai-ji Shō Kannon
(Aryavalokitesvara)
Miyazu Kyoto Nariai-ji 35°35′44″N 135°11′15″E / 35.595439°N 135.187372°E / 35.595439; 135.187372 (Nariai-ji)
29 Matsunoo-dera Batō Kannon (Hayagrīva) Maizuru Kyoto Matsunoo-dera 35°29′51″N 135°28′10″E / 35.497428°N 135.469375°E / 35.497428; 135.469375 (Matsunoo-dera)
30 Hōgon-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja Sahasra-netra)
Nagahama Shiga Hōgon-ji 35°25′16″N 136°08′36″E / 35.421122°N 136.143225°E / 35.421122; 136.143225 (Hōgon-ji)
31 Chōmei-ji Senju Kannon
Jūichimen Kannon
Shō Kannon
Ōmihachiman Shiga Chōmei-ji 35°09′46″N 136°03′50″E / 35.162683°N 136.064003°E / 35.162683; 136.064003 (Chōmei-ji)
32 Kannonshō-ji Senju Kannon
(Sahasra-bhuja Sahasra-netra)
Ōmihachiman Shiga Kannonshō-ji 35°08′41″N 136°09′40″E / 35.144667°N 136.161028°E / 35.144667; 136.161028 (Kannonshō-ji)
33 Kegon-ji Jūichimen Kannon
(Ekādaśamukha)
Ibigawa Gifu Kegon-ji 35°32′15″N 136°36′28″E / 35.537372°N 136.607897°E / 35.537372; 136.607897 (Kegon-ji)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]