Saiha district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Saiha.
Siaha (Saiha in Mizo) district
District of Mizoram
Location of Siaha (Saiha in Mizo) district in Mizoram
Location of Siaha (Saiha in Mizo) district in Mizoram
Country India
State Mizoram
Headquarters Siaha (Saiha in Mizo)
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Mizoram
 • Assembly seats 3
Area
 • Total 1,399.9 km2 (540.5 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 56,574
 • Density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
 • Urban 25,110 (44.38%)
Demographics
 • Literacy 90.01
 • Sex ratio 979
Website Official website

Saiha District is one of the eight districts of Mizoram state in India. The district is bounded on the north and northwest by Lunglei district, on the west by Lawngtlai District and on the south and east by Myanmar. The district occupies an area of 1399.9 km². Saiha town is the administrative headquarters of the district. The population had decreased from 60,823 (in 2001 census) to 56,574 (in 2011 census). It is the least populous district of Mizoram (out of 8).[1]

History[edit]

Saiha District was formerly part of Chhimtuipui District. In 1998 when Chhimtuipui District was split in half, the half that became Saiha District was briefly called by the old name Chhimtuipui District.

Geography[edit]

Saiha is the administrative headquarters of Saiha district. It is the third largest town in Mizoram after Aizawl, the state capital and Lunglei. Tuipang, Sangau, Phura and Bualpui NG are the other main towns in Saiha district.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Saiha one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the two districts in Mizoram currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Divisions[edit]

The district has 3 R.D. Blocks, Saiha also known as Siaha, Sangau and Tuipang also known as Tipa V. The 3 assembly constituencies in this district are Saiha, Sangau and Tuipang.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Saiha district has a population of 56,574, roughly equal to the island of Greenland.[3] This gives it a ranking of 628th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 40 inhabitants per square kilometre (100/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was -7.34%; the only district in Mizoram to have decreased population. Saiha has a sex ratio of 979 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 90.01%.[4]

The majority of the district inhabitants are Mara people, who also have an autonomous district council called Mara Autonomous District Council composed of the two R.D. Blocks of Saiha and Tuipang; the Lai people, on the other hand, are the main inhabitants of Sangau R.B block, which is part of the Lai Autonomous District Council.

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1997 Saiha district became home to Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park, which has an area of 50 km2 (19.3 sq mi).[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Greenland 57,670 July 2011 est. 
  4. ^ census2011. "Saiha District : Census 2011 data". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  5. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Mizoram". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°29′24″N 92°58′48″E / 22.49000°N 92.98000°E / 22.49000; 92.98000