A sail-by salute (or near-shore salute) is a salute performed by bringing a ship close to shore to salute those on land. Often the salute is performed for a crewmember's family. The practice dates back to ancient times. In Italy, massive ships regularly came very close to shorelines or jetties in the Mediterranean, including the island of Procida, off the Amalfi coast, and Sicily.
The six major U.S.-based cruise lines have been reluctant to answer questions pertaining to what extent salutes are performed today. Passenger ship historian and writer Peter Knego says that salutes are still performed whether approved by cruise companies or not.
Costa Concordia disaster
The custom of sail-by salutes was brought to mainstream focus following the 2012 Costa Concordia disaster.
In the case of the Costa Concordia disaster, there is controversy about whether the captain's on-shore superiors had ordered such a salute or had anything to do with it at all. Costa Cruises chief executive Pier Luigi Foschi told a newspaper that the owners of the ship were not aware of "unsafe practices involving ships coming close to shore to give tourists a better view" but also acknowledged and defended the practice in a testimony before an Italian parliamentary committee where he said that sail-by salutes do happen with cruise line approval, calling them "tourist navigations" whereby cruise ships steer close to shore to give passengers a look at the sites, something Foschi said "enriches the cruise product". He also said that "There are many components of the cruise product, and we have to do them like everyone else because we are in a global competition."
Italian environmentalists and some politicians demanded that big cruise ships be banned from passing too close to islands or shorelines, or entering delicate areas such as the Venice lagoon.
Determining to what degree sail-by salutes are condoned by cruise companies may prove crucial in resolving who was responsible for the accident.
Sail-by salutes both near land and between two ships at sea are a time-held tradition going back to the days of the ancient mariner and that in particular Italian and Greek seafarers have long been known for sail-by salutes.
- Gene Sloan. "Cruise lines won't say whether they allow 'sail-by' salutes", USA Today, 25 January 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Philip Pullella. "Italians want ban on liners too close to shore, Venice", Reuters, 20 January 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Costa Concordia owners deny knowing about captain's near-shore salutes By James Mackenzie, Reuters / January 20, 2012