Sailing at the 1912 Summer Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sailing
at the Games of the V Olympiad
1912 Yachting bookmark.png
Yachting Bookmark in the Official Report of the Olympic Games of Stockholm 1912
Venues Nynäshamn
Dates First race: 19 July 1912 (1912-07-19)
Last race: 22 July 1912 (1912-07-22)
Sailors 118 from 6 countries
Boats 26
Top ranked countries
Norway: 1st  2nd  3rd  
Sweden: 1st  2nd  3rd  
France: 1st  2nd  3rd  
← 1908
1920 →

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece). With the exception of 1904 and possible 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 1912 consisted of a total of four sailing classes (disciplines). For each class two races were scheduled from 19 July 1912 to 22 July 1912 off the coast of Nynäshamn at the Baltic Sea.

Venue[edit]

Royal Swedish Yacht Club
Kungliga Svenska Segelsällskapet
Nynäshamn view.jpg
Burgee of KSSS members.svg
Burgee of Royal Swedish Yacht Club
General information
Type Olympic harbor
Town or city Nynäshamn
Country  Sweden
Coordinates 58°54′30″N 17°57′30″E / 58.90833°N 17.95833°E / 58.90833; 17.95833Coordinates: 58°54′30″N 17°57′30″E / 58.90833°N 17.95833°E / 58.90833; 17.95833
Elevation Sealevel

When Sweden was assigned to host the 1912 Olympic Games two cities wanted to be the venue for the sailing program. Gothenburg and Stockholm. Gothenburg claimed that it was a much shorter passage for the oversees entries (about 525 nautical miles (972 km)) than it was to Stockholm. Stockholm however got the sailing program because of then all Olympic events should be in the same vicinity. As specific location Nynäshamn, about 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Stockholm was chosen.

The Royal Swedish Yacht Club was requested to organize the sailing event. Discussions took place whether the races would take place at the same time period of the other Olympic events. Finally the decision was taken to held them just after the other Olympic events.[1] Also several other races were organized in conjunction of the Olympic races.

Course area[edit]

A inner and an outer course was created of the coast of Nynäshamn:

1912 Olympic Course Area & courses
Course A was used for the 10 and the 12 Metre, Course B for the 6 and 8 Metre.

Competition[edit]

Overview[edit]

Continents Countries Classes Entries Male Female
1 6 4 26 118 0

A maximum of 2 boats per country per class was allowed.

Continents[edit]

Map of Participating Sailing Continents at the 1912 Summer Olympics
Green = Participating for the first time
Blue = Participating
Light Blue = Have previously participated
● Europe

Countries[1][edit]

Map of Participating Sailing Countries at the 1912 Summer Olympics
Green = Participating for the first time
Blue = Participating
Light Blue = Have previously participated
 Denmark (DEN)  Finland (FIN)  France (FRA)  Norway (NOR)
 Russia (RUS)  Sweden (SWE)

Classes (equipment)[1][edit]

Although one of the oldest organized sporting activities, sailing in the early first part of the 20th century was not uniformly organized. This had a lot to do with national traditions as well as with the fact that there were no standardized boat types with uniform building instructions and measurements. Also a lot of development was done in the area of boat design and boat building. The shape of a boat, specifically its length, its weight and its sail area, are major parameters that determine the boat's speed. Several initiatives were started to create a formula that made it possible to have boats race each other without having to calculate the final result. But the different countries initially could not agree on an international system. At the Olympics of 1900 it was clear that sailing was not ready for international competition, and something had to be done.

In 1906 international meetings were organize to solve the problem. Finally in Paris, October 1907 the first International Rule was ratified. Delegates from this meeting went on to form the International Yacht Racing Union (IYRU), the precursor to the present International Sailing Federation (ISAF).

The agreed formula gives a result in meters (Metre). During the meeting in 1907 the IOC made the decision to open the 1908 Summer Olympics for the following Metre classes:

 
Class Type Venue Event Sailors First OG Olympics so far
6 Metre Keelboat Nynäshamn Cercle noir 100%.svg 3 1908 2
8 Metre Keelboat Nynäshamn Cercle noir 100%.svg 5 1908 2
10 Metre Keelboat Nynäshamn Cercle noir 100%.svg 8 1912 1
12 Metre Keelboat Nynäshamn Cercle noir 100%.svg 10 1908 2
Legend: Cercle noir 100%.svg = Mixed gender event
The 1912 Olympic Classes in action

Race schedule[edit]

 ●  Opening ceremony  ●  Event competitions  ●  Tie breakers  ●  Closing ceremony
Date July
19
Fri
20
Sat
21
Sun
22
Mon
23
Tue
24
Wed
25
Thu
26
Fri
27
Sat
Sailing


International races
Total gold medals
Ceremonies

Medal summary [2][edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
6 Metre insigna.png

1912: 6 Metre
details

 France (FRA)
Gaston Thubé
Amédée Thubé
Jacques Thubé
 Denmark (DEN)
Hans Meulengracht-Madsen
Steen Herschend
Sven Thomsen
 Sweden (SWE)
Eric Sandberg
Otto Aust
Harald Sandberg
8 Metre insigna.png

1912: 8 Metre
details

 Norway (NOR)
Thoralf Glad
Thomas Aas
Andreas Brecke
Torleiv Corneliussen
Christian Jebe
 Sweden (SWE)
Bengt Heyman
Emil Henriques
Alvar Thiel
Herbert Westermark
Nils Westermark
 Finland (FIN)
Bertil Tallberg
Arthur Ahnger
Emil Lindh
Gunnar Tallberg
Georg Westling
10 Metre insigna.png

1912: 10 Metre
details

 Sweden (SWE)
Filip Ericsson
Carl Hellström
Paul Isberg
Humbert Lundén
Herman Nyberg
Harry Rosenswärd
Erik Wallerius
Harald Wallin
 Finland (FIN)
Harry Wahl
Waldemar Björkstén
Jacob Björnström
Bror Brenner
Allan Franck
Erik Lindh
Juho Aarne Pekkalainen
 Russia (RUS)
Esper Beloselsky
Ernest Brashe
Karl Lindholm
Nikolay Pushnitsky
Aleksandr Rodionov
Iosif Shomaker
Philip Strauch
12 Metre insigna.png

1912: 12 Metre
details

 Norway (NOR)
Johan Anker
Nils Bertelsen
Eilert Falch-Lund
Halfdan Hansen
Arnfinn Heje
Magnus Konow
Alfred Larsen
Petter Larsen
Christian Staib
Carl Thaulow
 Sweden (SWE)
Nils Persson
Per Bergman
Dick Bergström
Kurt Bergström
Hugo Clason
Folke Johnson
Sigurd Kander
Ivan Lamby
Erik Lindqvist
Hugo Sällström
 Finland (FIN)
Ernst Krogius
Ferdinand Alfthan
Pekka Hartvall
Jarl Hulldén
Sigurd Juslén
Eino Sandelin
Johan Silén

Medal tables[edit]

Sailing 1912 (1912 rule)[edit]

In order to determine the ranking of the countries a different rule was used in 1912 than now.[1]

Rank Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
Medals Points Medals Points Medals Points Medals Points
1  Sweden (SWE) 1 3 2 4 1 1 4 8
2  Norway (NOR) 2 6 0 0 0 0 2 6
3  Finland (FIN) 0 0 1 2 2 2 3 4
4  France (FRA) 1 3 0 0 0 0 1 3
5  Denmark (DEN) 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 2
6  Russia (RUS) 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1
Total 4 4 4 12

Sailing 1912 (actual rule)[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway (NOR) 2 0 0 2
2  Sweden (SWE) 1 2 1 4
3  France (FRA) 1 0 0 1
4  Finland (FIN) 0 1 2 3
5  Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
6  Russia (RUS) 0 0 1 1
Total 4 4 4 12

Medal table 1896 – 1912[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Great Britain (GBR) 8 2 2 12
2  France (FRA) 6 9 11 26
3  Norway (NOR) 2 0 0 2
 Mixed team (ZZX) 2 0 0 2
5  Sweden (SWE) 1 3 1 5
6  Switzerland (SUI) 1 1 0 2
 Germany (GER) 1 1 0 2
8  Finland (FIN) 0 1 2 3
9  Belgium (BEL) 0 1 0 1
 Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
 Netherlands (NED) 0 1 0 1
12  United States (USA) 0 0 2 2
13  Russia (RUS) 0 0 1 1
Total 13 21 20 19 60

Ranking of the countries over the years[edit]

Graphic that showed the changes in the standing of the countries over the years.

Notes[edit]

Other information[edit]

Sailors[edit]

During the Sailing regatta's at the 1912 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

Sailors at the 1912 Olympic Games
Danish team at the opening ceremony 
Swedish team at the opening ceremony 
Dan Broström:
Owner of the 6 Metre Kirsten 
In 12 Metre:
Halfdan Hansen 
In 12 Metre:
Johan Anker 

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f The Swedish Olympic Committee (1913). Erik Bergvall, ed. The Olympic Games of Stockholm 1912 - Official Report (PDF). Wahlström & Widstrand. Retrieved 7 February 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 7 February 2015. 

"Stockholm 1912". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.