Sailing at the 1920 Summer Olympics

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Sailing
at the Games of the VII Olympiad
1920 olympics poster.jpg
Poster Anvers 1920
Venues ●Ostend
●Amsterdam
Dates First race: 7 July 1920 (1920-07-07) (Ostend)
Last race: 10 July 1920 (1920-07-10)
Final race: 3 September 1920 (1920-09-03) (Amsterdam)
Sailors 98 from 6 countries
Boats 23
Top ranked countries
Norway: 1  2  3  
Netherlands: 1  2  3  
Sweden: 1  2  3  
← 1912
1924 →

The sailing at the 1920 Summer Olympics consisted of a total of 16 sailing classes (disciplines), but actually only 14 Sailing events were contested. Two of these classes (8.5 Metre and 9 Metre) finally did not have entries. For each class three races were scheduled from 7 July 1920 to 9 July 1920 of the coast of Ostend North Sea. On 10 July 1920 sail-off races could be held.

Two courses were used for the races, each equilateral triangles. One of 6 nmi (11 km) and one of 12 nmi (22 km).

Venue[edit]

Royal Yacht Club of Belgium
Skyline of Royal Yacht Club of Belgium
Flag of Royal Yacht Club of Belgium
Flag
Coordinates: 51°14′0″N 2°55′0″E / 51.23333°N 2.91667°E / 51.23333; 2.91667

Ostend offers a fair condition for sailing. However there are tidal conditions the current is reasonable predictable local knowledge does not have too much influence of the races. The wind conditions are also good for sailing. However in the case of the 1920 Summer Olympic regatta's the prevailing breeze did not show. Most races had to be sailed under light air conditions.

An unprecedented and unique Olympic situation happened with the races in the 12' Dinghy. When in the second race one of the marks was taken hostage by the tidal current and went drifting the race had to be nullified. Since the organizers did not have the time to resail the race and both teams were of Dutch origin the Belgian organization requested the Dutch Olympic Committee to resail the finals in The Netherlands. As a result the first Olympic event held in the Netherlands was not in 1928 but already in 1920. As venue of this final the Buiten IJ in Amsterdam was chosen.

Competition[edit]

The Olympic Sailing event of 1920 was without any doubt the most strangest in history so far. With a program of no less than 16 classes and an entry list that consists of 7 out of 14 classes with just competitor and only one class with more than 3 yachts.

After World War I the International Sailing Authority had obvious no clue in what direction sailing had developed since 1912. The Nordic countries had developed the Skerry Cruiser classes and the International rule classes had adopted in 1919 a new edition of the rule which was not yet implemented in the countries. Therefore the entries were open for the old, as well the new rule and two Skerry classes. Besides that, an advice from 1908 was followed by putting two one design classes on the program. By doing this the 1920 Olympics acted as a test laboratory from which the IYRU could draw conclusion for the further development of the sport. These lessons learned, not too many different classes and moving towards one design classes, did show during the next Olympic Sailing event and are still taken into account.

Overview[edit]

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
1 6 14 23 97 1

Continents[edit]

  • Europe

Countries[edit]

Countries that participated in the Sailing event of the 1920 Olympic Games.
Blue: Water
Gray: Never participated in OG
Dark Gray: Participated in earlier OG
Green: Country participated for the first time
Dark Blue: Country participated also on previous games
Red: Country boycotted the sailing event of the OG

Classes (equipment)[edit]

Class Type Event Sailors Trapeze Mainsail Jib/Genoa Spinnaker First OG Olympics so far
12' Dinghy Dinghy Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 0 + 1920 1
18' Dinghy Dinghy Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 0 +  ?  ? 1920 1
6.5 Metre Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 3 0 + + 1920 1
8.5 Metre Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 4 0 + +  ? 1920 1
6 Metre (2x) Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 3 0 + + + 1908 3
7 Metre Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 4 0 + + + 1908 2
8 Metre (2x) Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 5 0 + + + 1908 3
9 Metre Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 6 0 + + + 1920 1
10 Metre (2x) Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 8 0 + + + 1912 2
12 Metre (2x) Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 9 0 + + + 1908 3
30m2 Skerry Cruiser Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 7 0 + + + 1920 1
40m2 Skerry Cruiser Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 8 0 + + + 1920 1

Mars symbol.svg = Male, Venus symbol.svg = Female, Cercle noir 100%.svg = Open

1920 Olympic Classes designs
 
1920 Olympic Classes in action

Medal summary[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
NO Class insigna.png

1920: 12' Dinghy
details

 Netherlands (NED)
Cornelis Hin
Johan Hin
Frans Hin

 Netherlands (NED)
Arnoud van der Biesen
Petrus Beukers

No further competitors
NO Class insigna.png

1920: 18' Dinghy
details

 Great Britain (GBR)
Francis Richards
Thomas Hedberg

No further competitors

No further competitors

6.5 Metre insigna.png

1920: 6.5 Metre
details

 Netherlands (NED)
Joop Carp
Berend Carp
Petrus Wernink

 France (FRA)
Albert Weil
Robert Monier
Félix Picon

No further competitors

6 Metre insigna.png

1920: 6 Metre
1907 rule
details

 Belgium (BEL)
Emile Cornellie
Frédéric Bruynseels
Florimond Cornellie

 Norway (NOR)
Einar Torgersen
Leif Erichsen
Andreas Knudsen

 Norway (NOR)
Henrik Agersborg
Einar Berntsen
Trygve Pedersen

6 Metre insigna.png

1920: 6 Metre
1919 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Andreas Brecke
Paal Kaasen
Ingolf Rød

 Belgium (BEL)
Léon Huybrechts
Charles van den Bussche
John Klotz

No further competitors

7 Metre insigna.png

1920: 7 Metre
details

 Great Britain (GBR)
Cyril Wright
Robert Coleman
William Maddison
Dorothy Wright

 Norway (NOR)
Johann Faye
Sten Abel
Christian Dick
Neils Neilsen

No further competitors

8 Metre insigna.png

1920: 8 Metre
1907 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Carl Ringvold
Thorleif Holbye
Alf Jacobsen
Kristoffer Olsen
Tellef Wagle

No further competitors No further competitors
8 Metre insigna.png

1920: 8 Metre
1919 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Magnus Konow
Thorleif Christoffersen
Reidar Marthiniussen
Ragnar Vik

 Norway (NOR)
Jens Salvesen
Finn Schiander
Lauritz Schmidt
Nils Thomas
Ralph Tschudi

 Belgium (BEL)
Albert Grisar
Willy de l'Arbre
Georges Hellebuyck
Léopold Standaert
Henri Weewauters

10 Metre insigna.png

1920: 10 Metre
1907 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Erik Herseth
Gunnar Jamvold
Petter Jamvold
Claus Juell
Sigurd Holter
Ingar Nielsen
Ole Sørensen

No further competitors

No further competitors

10 Metre insigna.png

1920: 10 Metre
1919 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Charles Arentz
Otto Falkenberg
Robert Giertsen
Willy Gilbert
Halfdan Schjött
Trygve Schjøtt
Arne Sejersted

No further competitors

No further competitors

12 Metre insigna.png

1920: 12 Metre
1907 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Henrik Østervold
Halvor Birkeland
Rasmus Birkeland
Lauritz Christiansen
Hans Naess
Halvor Mögster
Jan Østervold
Kristian Østervold
Ole Østervold

No further competitors

No further competitors

12 Metre insigna.png

1920: 12 Metre
1919 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Johan Friele
Arthur Allers
Martin Borthen
Kaspar Hassel
Erik Ørvig
Olav Örvig
Thor Ørvig
Egill Reimers
Christen Wiese

No further competitors

No further competitors

30m2 Skerry cruiser insigna.png

1920: 30m2 Skerry cruiser
details

 Sweden (SWE)
Gösta Lundqvist
Gösta Bengtsson
Axel Calvert
Rolf Steffenburg

No further competitors

No further competitors

40m2 Skerry cruiser insigna.png

1920: 40m2 Skerry cruiser
details

 Sweden (SWE)
Tore Holm
Yngve Holm
Axel Rydin
Georg Tengwall

 Sweden (SWE)
Gustaf Svensson
Percy Almstedt
Erik Mellbin
Ragnar Svensson

No further competitors

Medal tables[edit]

Sailing 1920[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway (NOR) 7 3 1 11
2  Netherlands (NED) 2 1 0 3
 Sweden (SWE) 2 1 0 3
4  Great Britain (GBR) 2 0 0 2
5  Belgium (BEL) 1 1 1 3
6  France (FRA) 0 1 0 1
Total 14 7 2 23

Sailing 1896–1920[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway 9 3 1 13
2  United Kingdom 9 1 2 12
3  France 3 7 6 16
4  Sweden 3 4 1 8
5  Netherlands 2 1 0 3
6  Belgium 1 2 1 4
7   Switzerland 1 0 0 1
 Mixed team (ZZX) 1 0 0 1
9  Finland 0 1 2 3
10  Denmark 0 1 0 1
 Germany 0 1 0 1
12  Russia 0 0 1 1
USA 0 0 1 1
Total 13 29 21 15 65

Remarks[edit]

  • As result of the First World War,  Austria (AUT),  Germany (GER),  Hungary (HUN) and  Turkey (TUR) were not invited.
  • The agony athletes develop after finishing fourth at the Olympics must have started at the Olympic Sailing event of 1920. The Belgium 6 Metre team of Louis Depiere, Raymond Bauwens and Willy Valcke finished 4th and became the only sailing team at the 1920 Olympics that went home without a medal.

Sailors[edit]

During the Sailing regattas at the 1920 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

  •  Norway (NOR), Johan Anker, Multiple Olympic competitor and designer of many Metre yachts as well as the 1948 Olympic Dragon, in the 12 Metre
  •  Norway (NOR), Magnus Konow, Six time Olympic competitor and multiple medal winner.
Sailors at the 1920 Olympic Games
In Fram:
Johan Anker 

Notes[edit]

References[edit]