Sailing at the 1920 Summer Olympics

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Sailing
at the Games of the VII Olympiad
1920 olympics poster.jpg
Poster Anvers 1920
Venues ●Ostend
●Amsterdam
Dates First race: 7 July 1920 (1920-07-07) (Ostend)
Last race: 10 July 1920 (1920-07-10)
Final race: 3 September 1920 (1920-09-03) (Amsterdam)
Sailors 100 Male and 1 Female from 6 countries
Boats 24
Top ranked countries
Norway: 1st  2nd  3rd  
Netherlands: 1st  2nd  3rd  
Sweden: 1st  2nd  3rd  
← 1912
1924 →

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece). With the exception of 1904 and possible 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 1920 consisted of a total of fourteen sailing classes (disciplines). For each class three races were scheduled from 7 July 1920 to 10 July 1920 off the coast of Ostend at the North Sea.

Previously on Sailing at the Summer Olympics[edit]

  • 1896: A regatta of sailing boats was on the program for 31 March 1896 (1896-03-31) in Athens. However this event had to be given up since there were no boats available from Greece and no foreign entries.
  • 1900: Two venues were used to host the 1900 Sailing events. One in Meulan 20 May 1900 (1900-05-20) till 27 May 1900 (1900-05-27) for the inshore races on the river Seine. And one in Le Havre 1 August 1900 (1900-08-01) till 5 August 1900 (1900-08-05) for the Offshore races on the English Channel. In Meulan six classes were used over several days. About 55 boats and a little less than 150 sailors are documented, included the first female gold medalist Hélène de Pourtalès. In Le Havre two classes were used for the offshore event. About 10 boats made the competition. Crewmembers were are not documented, just the owners and/or helmsmen.
  • 1904: Sailing was not a part of the Olympic program.
  • 1908: At the 1907 The Hague Conference of the IOC Ryde at the Isle of Wight was appointed to host the sailing regattas, for all classes, of the games of the IVth Olympiad. However when there were only two British entries for the 12 Metre matches, and both yacht were located at the Firth of Clyde, the decision was made to use Hunters Quay as a second venue. In 1906 international meetings were organize to solve the problem of the differences in the performance of the different yachts. Finally in Paris, October 1907 the first International Rule was ratified. During the meeting in 1907 the IOC made the decision to use the International Rule classes for the Olympic regattas (6, 7, 8 and 12 Metre).
  • 1912: When Sweden was assigned to host the 1912 Olympic Games two cities wanted to be the venue for the sailing program. Gothenburg and Stockholm. Gothenburg claimed that it was a much shorter passage for the oversees entries (about 525 nautical miles (972 km) less) than it was to Stockholm. Stockholm however got the sailing program because of then all Olympic events should be in the same vicinity. As specific location Nynäshamn, about 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Stockholm was chosen. Also the decision was made to use the International Rule classes again for the Olympic regattas (6, 8, 10 and 12 Metre).

Venue[edit]

Royal Yacht Club of Belgium
Royal Yacht Club van België
1920 Regatta te Ostend during the Olympic Games of Antwerp.jpg
Burgee Roya Yach Club Belgian.png
Burgee of the Royal Yacht Club Belgium
General information
Status unknown
Type Clubhouse
Country  Belgium
Coordinates 51°14′2″N 2°55′25″E / 51.23389°N 2.92361°E / 51.23389; 2.92361
Elevation Sealevel

Royal Yacht Club of Belgium[edit]

Ostend offers a fair condition for sailing on the North Sea. However there are tidal conditions the current is reasonable predictable. Local knowledge does not have too much influence of the races. The wind conditions are also good for sailing. However in the case of the 1920 Summer Olympic regatta's the prevailing breeze did not show. Most races had to be sailed under light air conditions.

An unprecedented and unique Olympic situation happened with the races in the 12' Dinghy. When in the second race one of the marks was taken hostage by the tidal current and went drifting the race had to be nullified. Since the organizers did not have the time to resail the race and both teams were of Dutch origin the Belgian organization requested the Dutch Olympic Committee to resail the finals in The Netherlands. As a result the first Olympic event held in the Netherlands was not in 1928 but already in 1920. As venue of this final the Buiten IJ in Amsterdam was chosen.[1]

Course areas[edit]

1920 Olympic Course Area
Course area Ostend, Belgium
Course area 12' Dinghy, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Competition[edit]

Overview[edit]

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
1 6 14 24 100 1|-

A maximum of 2 boats per country per class was allowed.

Continents[edit]

Map of Participating Sailing Continents at the 1920 Summer Olympics
Green = Participating for the first time
Blue = Participating
Light Blue = Have previously participated
● Europe

Countries[2][edit]

Map of Participating Sailing Countries at the 1920 Summer Olympics
Green = Participating for the first time
Blue = Participating
Light Blue = Have previously participated
 Belgium (BEL)  France (FRA)  Great Britain (GBR)  Netherlands (NED)
 Norway (NOR)  Sweden (SWE)

Classes (equipment)[2][edit]

The Olympic Sailing event of 1920 was without any doubt the most strangest in history so far. With a program of no less than 16 classes and an entry list that consists of 7 out of 14 classes with just competitor and only one class with more than 3 yachts.

After World War I the International Sailing Authority had obvious no clue in what direction sailing had developed since 1912. The Nordic countries had developed the Skerry Cruiser classes and the International rule classes had adopted in 1919 a new edition of the rule which was not yet implemented in the countries. Therefore the entries were open for the old, as well the new rule and two Skerry classes. Besides that, an advice from 1908 was followed by putting two one design classes on the program. By doing this the 1920 Olympics acted as a test laboratory from which the IYRU could draw conclusion for the further development of the sport. These lessons learned, not too many different classes and moving towards one design classes, did show during the next Olympic Sailing event and are still taken into account.

Some of the 1920 Olympic classes
 
Class Type Venue Event Sailors First OG Olympics so far
12' Dinghy Dinghy Ostend Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 1920 1
18' Dinghy Keelboat Ostend Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 1920 1
6.5 Metre Keelboat Ostend Cercle noir 100%.svg 3 1920 1
8.5 Metre Keelboat No show Cercle noir 100%.svg Unknown 1920 0
6 Metre (2x) Keelboat Ostend Cercle noir 100%.svg 3 1908 3
7 Metre Keelboat Ostend Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 1908 2
8 Metre (2x) Keelboat Ostend Cercle noir 100%.svg 5 1908 3
9 Metre Keelboat No show Cercle noir 100%.svg Unknown 1920 0
10 Metre (2x) Keelboat Ostend Cercle noir 100%.svg 8 1912 2
12 Metre (2x) Keelboat Ostend Cercle noir 100%.svg 9 1908 3
30m2 Skerry Cruiser Keelboat Ostend Cercle noir 100%.svg 7 1920 1
40m2 Skerry Cruiser Keelboat Ostend Cercle noir 100%.svg 8 1920 1
Legend: Cercle noir 100%.svg = Mixed gender event
1920 Some of the 1920 Olympic Classes in action

Race schedule[edit]

 ●  Opening ceremony  ●  Event competitions  ●  Event finals  ●  Closing ceremony
Date July  Belgium September  Netherlands
7th
Wed
8th
Thu
9th
Fri
10th
Sat
3th
Fri
4th
Sat
5th
Sun
Sailing (planning)







Total gold medals 14
Sailing (actual) 1







2
Total gold medals 13 1

Medal summary [3][edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
NO Class insigna.png

1920: 12' Dinghy
details

 Netherlands (NED)
Cornelis Hin
Johan Hin
Frans Hin
 Netherlands (NED)
Arnoud van der Biesen
Petrus Beukers
No further competitors
NO Class insigna.png

1920: 18' Dinghy
details

 Great Britain (GBR)
Francis Richards
Thomas Hedberg
No further competitors No further competitors
6.5 Metre insigna.png

1920: 6.5 Metre
details

 Netherlands (NED)
Joop Carp
Berend Carp
Petrus Wernink
 France (FRA)
Albert Weil
Robert Monier
Félix Picon
No further competitors
6 Metre insigna.png

1920: 6 Metre
1907 rule
details

 Belgium (BEL)
Emile Cornellie
Frédéric Bruynseels
Florimond Cornellie
 Norway (NOR)
Einar Torgersen
Leif Erichsen
Andreas Knudsen
 Norway (NOR)
Henrik Agersborg
Einar Berntsen
Trygve Pedersen
6 Metre insigna.png

1920: 6 Metre
1919 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Andreas Brecke
Paal Kaasen
Ingolf Rød
 Belgium (BEL)
Léon Huybrechts
Charles van den Bussche
John Klotz
No further competitors
7 Metre insigna.png

1920: 7 Metre
details

 Great Britain (GBR)
Cyril Wright
Robert Coleman
William Maddison
Dorothy Wright
 Norway (NOR)
Johann Faye
Sten Abel
Christian Dick
Neils Neilsen
No further competitors
8 Metre insigna.png

1920: 8 Metre
1907 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Carl Ringvold
Thorleif Holbye
Alf Jacobsen
Kristoffer Olsen
Tellef Wagle
No further competitors No further competitors
8 Metre insigna.png

1920: 8 Metre
1919 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Magnus Konow
Thorleif Christoffersen
Reidar Marthiniussen
Ragnar Vik
 Norway (NOR)
Jens Salvesen
Finn Schiander
Lauritz Schmidt
Nils Thomas
Ralph Tschudi
 Belgium (BEL)
Albert Grisar
Willy de l'Arbre
Georges Hellebuyck
Léopold Standaert
Henri Weewauters
10 Metre insigna.png

1920: 10 Metre
1907 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Erik Herseth
Gunnar Jamvold
Petter Jamvold
Claus Juell
Sigurd Holter
Ingar Nielsen
Ole Sørensen
No further competitors No further competitors
10 Metre insigna.png

1920: 10 Metre
1919 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Charles Arentz
Otto Falkenberg
Robert Giertsen
Willy Gilbert
Halfdan Schjött
Trygve Schjøtt
Arne Sejersted
No further competitors No further competitors
12 Metre insigna.png

1920: 12 Metre
1907 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Henrik Østervold
Halvor Birkeland
Rasmus Birkeland
Lauritz Christiansen
Hans Naess
Halvor Mögster
Jan Østervold
Kristian Østervold
Ole Østervold
No further competitors No further competitors
12 Metre insigna.png

1920: 12 Metre
1919 rule
details

 Norway (NOR)
Johan Friele
Arthur Allers
Martin Borthen
Kaspar Hassel
Erik Ørvig
Olav Örvig
Thor Ørvig
Egill Reimers
Christen Wiese
No further competitors No further competitors
30m2 Skerry cruiser insigna.png

1920: 30m2 Skerry cruiser
details

 Sweden (SWE)
Gösta Lundqvist
Gösta Bengtsson
Rolf Steffenburg
No further competitors No further competitors
40m2 Skerry cruiser insigna.png

1920: 40m2 Skerry cruiser
details

 Sweden (SWE)
Tore Holm
Yngve Holm
Axel Rydin
Georg Tengwall
 Sweden (SWE)
Gustaf Svensson
Percy Almstedt
Erik Mellbin
Ragnar Svensson
No further competitors

Medal tables[edit]

Sailing 1920[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway (NOR) 7 3 1 11
2  Netherlands (NED) 2 1 0 3
 Sweden (SWE) 2 1 0 3
4  Great Britain (GBR) 2 0 0 2
5  Belgium (BEL) 1 1 1 1
6  France (FRA) 0 1 1 0
Total 6 14 7 3 24

Medal table 1896 – 1920[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Great Britain (GBR) 10 2 2 14
2  Norway (NOR) 9 3 1 13
3  France (FRA) 6 10 12 28
4  Sweden (SWE) 3 4 1 9
5  Netherlands (NED) 2 2 0 4
6  Mixed team (ZZX) 2 0 0 2
7  Belgium (BEL) 1 2 1 4
8  Switzerland (SUI) 1 1 0 2
9  Germany (GER) 1 1 0 2
10  Finland (FIN) 0 1 2 3
11  Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
12  United States (USA) 0 0 2 2
13  Russia (RUS) 0 0 1 1
Total 13 35 27 22 84

Ranking of the countries over the years[edit]

Graphic that showed the changes in the standing of the countries over the years.

Other information[edit]

Sailing[edit]

  • As result of the First World War,  AUT,  GER,  HUN and  TUR were not invited.
  • The agony athletes develop after finishing fourth at the Olympics must have started at the Olympic Sailing event of 1920. The Belgium 6 Metre team of Louis Depiere, Raymond Bauwens and Willy Valcke finished 4th and became the only sailing team at the 1920 Olympics that went home without a medal.
  • In the Sailing regattas, Norway took 7 gold medals. This boost put them in the higher regions of the medal table. They still profit from this boost.

Sailors[edit]

During the Sailing regattas at the 1920 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

Sailors at the 1920 Olympic Games
In the 8 Metre Sildra:
 Norway (NOR), Magnus Konow
six time Olympic competitor 
In the 40 M2 Skerry cruiser Sif:
 Sweden (SWE), Magnus Konow
five time Olympic competitor 

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Heijmans, Jeroen. "Nederlands goud (5)". Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Belgium Olympic Committee, ed. (1957). Olympic Games 1920 – Officiel Report (PDF). Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 7 February 2015. 

"Antwerp 1920". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.