Sailing at the 1924 Summer Olympics

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Sailing
at the Games of the VIII Olympiad
Letterhead VIIIe Olympiade Paris 1924.png
Letterhead VIIIe Olympiade Paris 1924
Venues ● Meulan
● Le Havre
Dates First race: 10 July 1924 (1924-07-10) (Meulan)
Last race: 13 July 1924 (1924-07-13)
First race: 21 July 1924 (1924-07-21) (Le Havre)
Last race: 26 July 1924 (1924-07-26)
Sailors 62 Male and 1 Female from 19 countries
Boats 31
Top ranked countries
Norway: 1st  2nd  3rd  
Belgium: 1st  2nd  3rd  
Denmark: 1st  2nd  3rd  
Great Britain: 1st  2nd  3rd  
← 1920
1928 →

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece). With the exception of 1904 and possible 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 1924 consisted of a total of three sailing classes (disciplines). For each of the classes the event an elimination round, semi-finals and finals were scheduled. The French National Monotype 1924 was on the program from 10 to 13 July. The Metre classes (6 and 8) had there races from the 21 to 26 July.

Venue[edit]

Meulan[edit]

Cercle de la Voile de Paris
Bassin Olympique
de Meulan Les Mureaux
Burgee of Cercle de la Voile de Paris.svg
Burgee of the Cercle de la Voile de Paris
General information
Status Complete
Type Club House
Address 30, quai Albert Glandaz
Town or city 78130 Les Mureaux
Country  France
Coordinates 49°00′1″N 1°54′54″E / 49.00028°N 1.91500°E / 49.00028; 1.91500
Elevation Sealevel
Owner Cercle de la Voile de Paris

Meulan was the venue for the Olympic regatta's in the French National Monotype. The host club for the 1924 Olympic Sailing at Meulan was the Cercle de la Voile de Paris. Like in 1900 the race conditions at Meulan during the Olympic regatta were not ideal. The light breeze during the first elimination series could hardly make the sailing interesting. When the wind picked up in the second series the conditions must have improved. During the first semi-final the wind came from South East. As a result the yachts could sail most of the course without tacking or jibing, therefore not challenging the capabilities of the sailors. In the second semi-final however the wind shifted to East-North-East so that tacking was needed in the final legs of the laps.

Le Havre[edit]

La Société des Régates du Havre
Le Havre
Le Palais de la Société des Régates au Havre.jpg
Burgee Société des régates du havre le havre.png
Burgee of the Société des Régates du Havre
General information
Status Destroyed
Type Club House
Location Le Palais de la Société des Régates au Havre (The clubhouse) was used in 1914 and 1940 as British army hospital. Bombed in 1940 and finally destroyed in 1942.[1]
Country  France
Coordinates 49°29′30″N 0°5′45″E / 49.49167°N 0.09583°E / 49.49167; 0.09583
Elevation Sealevel
Owner La Société des Régates du Havre

Le Havre was the venue for the Olympic regattas for the 6 and 8 Metre. The host club for the 1924 Olympic Sailing at Le Havre was the Société des Régates du Havre. Due to the Easterly winds the courses at Le Havre were mostly reaches. As result sailing a windward leg was not really tested. This however was more or less custom for that time.

Course areas[edit]

1924 Olympic Course Areas
Courses at Plan du Bassin du Meulan les Mureaux
A: Start and Finish
B: Mark large course 4.0 nautical miles (7.4 km)
C: Mark small course 1.6 nautical miles (3.0 km)
6 Metre Course at Le Havre
SRdH: La Société des Régates du Havre
A: Start and Finish
B, C D: Marks
10 nautical miles (19 km)
8 Metre Course at Le Havre
SRdH: La Société des Régates du Havre
A: Start and Finish
B, C D: Marks
16 nautical miles (30 km)

Competition[edit]

Overview[edit]

Continents Countries Classes Entries Male Female
4 19 3 31 62 1

This was the first Olympic were just one boats per country per class was allowed.

Continents[edit]

Map of Participating Sailing Continents at the 1924 Summer Olympics
Green = Participating for the first time
Blue = Participating
Light Blue = Have previously participated
● Africa
● Europe
● North America
● South America

Countries[edit]

Map of Participating Sailing Countries at the 1924 Summer Olympics
Green = Participating for the first time
Blue = Participating
Light Blue = Have previously participated
 Argentina (ARG)  Belgium (BEL)  Canada (CAN)  Cuba (CUB)
 Denmark (DEN)  Spain (ESP)  Finland (FIN)  France (FRA)
 Great Britain (GBR)  Italy (ITA)  Monaco (MON)  Netherlands (NED)
 Norway (NOR)  Poland (POL)  Portugal (POR)  South Africa (RSA)
 Switzerland (SUI)  Sweden (SWE)  Czechoslovakia (TCH)

Classes (equipment)[2][edit]

After the enormous amount of classes used during the Olympic sailing event of 1920 the International Yacht Racing Union decided that for 1924 just three classes would be used. The choice was made in favor of two Metre classes (6 and 8) and monotype (One Design) class.

The 1924 Olympic classes
 
Class Type Venue Event Sailors First OG Olympics so far
Franch National Monotype Dinghy Meulan Cercle noir 100%.svg 1 1924 1
6 Metre Keelboat Le Havre Cercle noir 100%.svg 3 1908 4
8 Metre Keelboat Le Havre Cercle noir 100%.svg 5 1908 4
Legend: Cercle noir 100%.svg = Mixed gender event
The 1924 Olympic Classes in action

Race schedule[edit]

 ●  Opening ceremony  ●  Event competitions  ●  Event finals  ●  Closing ceremony
Date July
5
Sat
6
Sun
7
Mon
8
Tue
9
Wed
10
Thu
11
Fri
12
Sat
13
Sun
14
Mon
15
Tue
16
Wed
17
Thu
18
Fri
19
Sat
20
Sun
21
Mon
22
Tue
23
Wed
24
Thu
25
Fri
26
Sat
27
Sun
Meulan Le Havre
Sailing
Total gold medals 1 2
Ceremonies

Medal summary [3][edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
NO Class insigna.png

1924: Monotype
details

 Belgium (BEL)
Léon Huybrechts
 Norway (NOR)
Henrik Robert
 Finland (FIN)
Hans Dittmar
6 Metre insigna.png

1924: 6 Metre
details

 Norway (NOR)
Anders Lundgren
Christopher Dahl
Eugen Lunde
 Denmark (DEN)
Vilhelm Vett
Knud Degn
Christian Nielsen
 Netherlands (NED)
Johan Carp
Anthonij Guépin
Jan Vreede
8 Metre insigna.png

1924: 8 Metre
details

 Norway (NOR)
Carl Ringvold
Rick Bockelie
Harald Hagen
Ingar Nielsen
Carl Ringvold, Jr.
 Great Britain (GBR)
Ernest Roney
Harold Fowler
Edwin Jacob
Thomas Riggs
Walter Riggs
 France (FRA)
Louis Breguet
Pierre Gauthier
Robert Girardet
André Guerrier
Georges Mollard

Medal tables[edit]

Sailing 1924 (1924 rule)[edit]

In order to determine the ranking of the countries a different rule was used in 1924 than now.[2]

Rank Country 1st place 2nd place 3rd place 4th place 5th place 6th place Total
Places Points Places Points Places Points Places Points Places Points Places Points Points
1  Norway (NOR) 2 20 1 5 25
2  Belgium (BEL) 1 10 1 3 1 14½
3  Netherlands (NED) 1 4 1 2 6
4  France (FRA) 1 4 1
5  Denmark (DEN) 1 5 5
 Great Britain (GBR) 1 5 5
7  Finland (FIN) 1 4 4
8  Sweden (SWE) 1 3 1 1 4
9  Spain (ESP) 1 3 3
10  Argentina (ARG) 1 2 2

Sailing 1924 (actual rule)[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway (NOR) 2 1 0 3
2  Belgium (BEL) 1 0 0 1
3  Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
 Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 0 1
5  Finland (FIN) 0 0 1 1
 France (FRA) 0 0 1 1
 Netherlands (NED) 0 0 1 1
Total 3 3 3 9

Medal table 1896 – 1924[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway (NOR) 11 4 1 16
2  Great Britain (GBR) 10 3 2 15
3  France (FRA) 6 10 13 29
4  Sweden (SWE) 3 4 1 9
5  Belgium (BEL) 2 2 1 5
 Netherlands (NED) 2 2 1 5
7  Mixed team (ZZX) 2 0 0 2
8  Germany (GER) 1 1 0 2
 Switzerland (SUI) 1 1 0 2
10  Denmark (DEN) 0 2 0 2
11  Finland (FIN) 0 1 3 4
12  United States (USA) 0 0 2 2
13  Russia (RUS) 0 0 1 1
Total 13 38 30 25 93

Ranking of the countries over the years[edit]

Graphic that showed the changes in the standing of the countries over the years.

Notes[edit]

The Norwegian Lunde Olympic "dynasty
 

Other information[edit]

  • Italy was also entered in the 8 Metre. However they did NOT participated.
  • Germany was not invited.
  • This is the first Olympic regatta were only one boat per class per country is allowed.

Sailors[edit]

During the Sailing regatta's at the 1924 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

Sailors during the 1924 Olympic Games
Ella Maillart in 1992 
Louis Breguet in 1909 

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ La Société des Régates du Havre. "La Société des Régates du Havre historique 1900 - 1950". Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Les Jeux de la VIIIe Olympiade Paris 1924:rapport official (PDF) (in French). Paris: Librairie de France: Comité Olympique Français. 1924. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 7 February 2015. 

"Paris 1924". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.