Sailing at the 1936 Summer Olympics
at the Games of the XI Olympiad
|Venue||Firth of Kiel|
|Competitors||169 from 26 nations|
Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens Greece). With the exception of the 1904 and possibly the 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 1936 consisted of a total of four sailing classes (disciplines). For each class seven races were scheduled from 4–12 August in the Firth of Kiel.
|Starting during the 1936 Kieler Olympics|
For the 1936 Berlin Summer Olympics a choice had to be made between the Berliner Müggel Lake district or the Kiel area. Finally the Organizing committee made the decision in favour of the big boats and picked Kiel.
As a result of the distance between Berlin to Kiel, a special committee for Yachting sprung to life to assist the Organizing Committee for the XIth Olympiad. Since Kiel was mainly a military port this Committee had to cooperate not only with the local authorities but also with the Commander of the German Fleet in Kiel to ensure the success of the races.
One race area was created to the East of Schielksee and two in the harbor area more into the fjord.
The start was made in the center of a set of 8 numbered marks that were places in a circle. During the starting procedure the sequence of the marks was communicated to the sailors. By picking the mark that was most upwind the start could always be made upwind. This system is, at least in certain German lakes, still in use.
|Class||Type||Event||Sailors||Trapeze||Mainsail||Jib/Genoa||Spinnaker||First OG||Olympics so far|
|1936 Olympic Classes designs|
||Daan Kagchelland (NED)||Werner Krogmann (GER)||Peter Scott (GBR)|
|| Peter Bischoff
and Hans-Joachim Weise (GER)
| Arvid Laurin
and Uno Wallentin (SWE)
| Bob Maas
and Willem de Vries Lentsch (NED)
|| Great Britain (GBR)
| Norway (NOR)
| Sweden (SWE)
|| Italy (ITA)
Luigi De Manincor
| Norway (NOR)
| Germany (GER)
Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach
|2||Great Britain (GBR)||1||0||1||2|
|Mixed team (ZZX)||1||0||0||1|
- This Summer Olympics established Sailing as a full mature Olympic sport after a long struggle to get a unified International standard set of rules.
- Each Olympic Gold medalist was also given a plant during the prize giving ceremony.
- Spain withdrew from sailing before the opening ceremony, as part of its boycott of the 1936 Summer Olympics.
- The Swiss 6 Metre was eliminated for all races since the helmsmen turned out not to be an amateur.
- Many protests in the Metre classes were filed. Speculations were made about whether this was due to the scoring system. One of the reasons was probably the close racing.
- The Olympic flame was burning on a Hanseatic galleon in the harbor of Kiel.
- In total a number of 257 participants were entered. 169 of them competed, the others were reserves or team managers and so on.
- A floating transmission station was used for reporting the race events to shore.
- New media was also used in the protest room. On the footage made from a Zeppelin, for the film Olympia of Leni Riefenstahl, an incident was observed by the jury between Sweden and Finland in race No. VI of the 8 Metre. As result both teams were disqualified.
During the Sailing regatta's at the 1936 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:
- Netherlands (NED), Daan Kagchelland in the O-Jolle is among the first sailors that did physical exercises on structural basis. Therefore he was able to compensate his light body weight during heavy air races.
- Germany (GER), Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach in the 8 Metre, Played an important role for Germany in World War II.
- Great Britain (GBR), Peter Scott in the O-Jolle became later one of the presidents of the IYRU. He also was the one who advised to put the trapeze on the Flying Dutchman.
|Sailors at the 1936 Olympic Games|
- In several sources 4 women are mentioned, but not by name. In the final results only 2 are listed. Probably the other two, one from Sweden and one from the USA, were reserves.
- * The zeppelin for the making of the Leni Riefenstahl is shown on this picture.
- (ed.) Richter, Dr. Friedrich (1936). The XITH Olympic Games Berlin, 1936: Officiel Report, Volume I (PDF). Berlin: the Organisationskomitee für die XI. Olympiade Berlin 1936 e.V.
- (ed.) Richter, Dr. Friedrich (1936). The XITH Olympic Games Berlin, 1936: Officiel Report, Volume II (PDF). Berlin: the Organisationskomitee für die XI. Olympiade Berlin 1936 e.V.
- Hugh Drake & Paul Henderson (2009). Canada's Olympic Sailing Legacy, Paris 1924 – Beijing 2008. Toronto: CYA.
- "Berlin 1936". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.