Sailing at the 1936 Summer Olympics

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Sailing
at the Games of the XI Olympiad
1936 Olympic Trophee Plant.png
1936 Olympic Trophee Plant
Venues Firth of Kiel
Dates First race: 4 August 1936 (1936-08-04)
Last race: 12 August 1936 (1936-08-12)
Sailors 169 from 26 countries
Boats 59
Top ranked countries
Germany: 1  2  3  
Great Britain: 1  2  3  
Netherlands: 1  2  3  
← 1932
1948 →

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens  Greece). With the exception of the 1904 and possibly the 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 1936 consisted of a total of four sailing classes (disciplines). For each class seven races were scheduled from 4–12 August in the Firth of Kiel.

Venue[edit]

Starting during the 1936 Kieler Olympics
Coordinates: 54°20′19.63″N 10°09′30.67″E / 54.3387861°N 10.1585194°E / 54.3387861; 10.1585194

For the 1936 Berlin Summer Olympics a choice had to be made between the Berliner Müggel Lake district or the Kiel area. Finally the Organizing committee made the decision in favour of the big boats and picked Kiel.

As a result of the distance between Berlin to Kiel, a special committee for Yachting sprung to life to assist the Organizing Committee for the XIth Olympiad. Since Kiel was mainly a military port this Committee had to cooperate not only with the local authorities but also with the Commander of the German Fleet in Kiel to ensure the success of the races.

One race area was created to the East of Schielksee and two in the harbor area more into the fjord.

The start was made in the center of a set of 8 numbered marks that were places in a circle. During the starting procedure the sequence of the marks was communicated to the sailors. By picking the mark that was most upwind the start could always be made upwind. This system is, at least in certain German lakes, still in use.

Competition[edit]

Overview[edit]

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
3 26 4 59 167 2[1]

Continents[edit]

  • Asia
  • Europe
  • Americas

Countries[edit]

Countries that participated in the Sailing event of the 1936 Olympic Games.
Blue: Water
Gray: Never participated in OG
Dark Gray: Participated in earlier OG
Green: Country participated for the first time
Dark Blue: Country participated also on previous games
Red: Country boycotted the sailing event of the OG
Argentina Austria Belgium
Brazil Canada Chile
Czechoslovakia Denmark Estonia
Finland France Great Britain
Germany Hungary Italy
Japan Netherlands Norway
Poland Portugal Sweden
Switzerland Turkey United States
Uruguay Yugoslavia

Classes (equipment)[edit]

Class Type Event Sailors Trapeze Mainsail Jib/Genoa Spinnaker First OG Olympics so far
O-Jolle Dinghy Cercle noir 100%.svg 1 0 + 1936 1
Star Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 2 1 + + 1932 2
6 Metre Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 4 0 + + + 1908 7
8 Metre Keelboat Cercle noir 100%.svg 6 0 + + + 1908 7

Mars symbol.svg = Male, Venus symbol.svg = Female, Cercle noir 100%.svg = Open

1936 Olympic Classes designs
 

O-Jolle: Single handed dinghy[2] 6 Metre: Five persons keelboat 8 Metre: Six persons keelboat

Medal summary[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
O-Jolle insigna.png

1936: O-Jolle
details

 Netherlands (NED)
Daan Kagchelland

 Germany (GER)
Werner Krogmann

 Great Britain (GBR)
Peter Scott

Star insigna.png

1936: Star
details

 Germany (GER)
Peter Bischoff
Hans-Joachim Weise

 Sweden (SWE)
Arvid Laurin
Uno Wallentin

 Netherlands (NED)
Bob Maas
Willem de Vries Lentsch

6 Metre insigna.png

1936: 6 Metre
details

 Great Britain (GBR)
Christopher Boardman
Miles Bellville
Russell Harmer
Charles Leaf
Leonard Martin

 Norway (NOR)
Magnus Konow
Karsten Konow
Fredrik Meyer
Vaadjuv Nyqvist
Alf Tveten

 Sweden (SWE)
Sven Salén
Lennart Ekdahl
Martin Hindorff
Torsten Lord
Dagmar Salén

8 Metre insigna.png

1936: 8 Metre
details

 Italy (ITA)
Giovanni Reggio
Bruno Bianchi
Luigi De Manincor
Domenico Mordini
Enrico Poggi
Luigi Poggi

 Norway (NOR)
Olaf Ditlev-Simonsen
John Ditlev-Simonsen
Hans Struksnæs
Lauritz Schmidt
Jacob Thams
Nordahl Wallem

 Germany (GER)
Hans Howaldt
Fritz Bischoff
Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach
Eduard Mohr
Felix Scheder-Bieschin
Otto Wachs

Medal tables[edit]

Medal table[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Germany (GER) 1 1 1 3
2  Great Britain (GBR) 1 0 1 2
 Netherlands (NED) 1 0 1 2
4  Italy (ITA) 1 0 0 1
5  Norway (NOR) 0 2 0 2
6  Sweden (SWE) 0 1 1 2
Total 4 4 4 12

Sailing 1896–1936[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway 12 7 1 20
2  United Kingdom 10 3 3 16
3  France 5 7 7 19
4  Sweden 5 5 4 14
5  Netherlands 3 3 2 8
6  Belgium 2 2 1 5
7  United States 2 1 1 4
8  Germany 1 2 1 4
9  Italy 1 0 0 1
  Switzerland 1 0 0 1
 Mixed team (ZZX) 1 0 0 1
12  Denmark 0 3 0 3
13  Finland 0 1 4 5
14  Canada 0 1 1 2
15  Spain 0 0 1 1
 Estonia 0 0 1 1
 Russia 0 0 1 1
Total 17 43 35 28 106

Remarks[edit]

Sailing[edit]

  • This Summer Olympics established Sailing as a full mature Olympic sport after a long struggle to get a unified International standard set of rules.
  • Each Olympic Gold medalist was also given a plant during the prize giving ceremony.
  • Spain withdrew from sailing before the opening ceremony, as part of its boycott of the 1936 Summer Olympics.
  • The Swiss 6 Metre was eliminated for all races since the helmsmen turned out not to be an amateur.
  • Many protests in the Metre classes were filed. Speculations were made about whether this was due to the scoring system. One of the reasons was probably the close racing.
  • The Olympic flame was burning on a Hanseatic galleon in the harbor of Kiel.
  • In total a number of 257 participants were entered. 169 of them competed, the others were reserves or team managers and so on.

Media[edit]

  • A floating transmission station was used for reporting the race events to shore.
  • New media was also used in the protest room. On the footage made from a Zeppelin, for the film Olympia of Leni Riefenstahl, an incident was observed by the jury between Sweden and Finland in race No. VI of the 8 Metre. As result both teams were disqualified.

Sailors[edit]

During the Sailing regatta's at the 1936 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

Sailors at the 1936 Olympic Games
In O-Jolle:
Peter Scott 
In 8 Metre:
Hans Howaldt (Skipper). 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In several sources 4 women are mentioned, but not by name. In the final results only 2 are listed. Probably the other two, one from Sweden and one from the USA, were reserves.
  2. ^ * The zeppelin for the making of the Leni Riefenstahl is shown on this picture.

References[edit]