Sailing at the 1976 Summer Olympics
at the Games of the XXI Olympiad
Woodcarves of the Olympic classes at the
Portsmouth Olympic Harbour
|Dates||First race: 19 July 1976
Last race: 27 July 1976
|Sailors||226 (225 male), (1 female) from 40 countries|
|Top ranked countries|
Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece). With the exception of 1904 and possibly 1916, sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The sailing program of 1976 consisted of six sailing classes (disciplines). For each class, seven races were scheduled from 19 July 1976 to 27 July 1976 off the coast of Kingston, Ontario, on Lake Ontario. The sailing was done on the triangular-type Olympic courses.
|Portsmouth Olympic Harbour
According to the IOC statutes the contests in all sport disciplines must be held either in, or as close as possible to the city which the IOC has chosen. Since Montréal was not a suitable place the Portsmouth Olympic Harbour Kingston, Ontario, constructed in 1969, was reconstructed in 1974 in time for the 1976 Olympic Sailing event. A total of three race areas were created on Lake Ontario.
The distance from the Portsmouth Olympic Harbour to course area Bravo (red) was about 5 nmi (9.3 km) From there it was another 5 nmi (9.3 km) to the course area's Alpha (yellow) and Charlie (blue). This however ensured wind conditions without local effects.
|Class||Type||Event||Sailors||Trapeze||Mainsail||Jib/Genoa||Spinnaker||First OG||Olympics so far|
|1976 Olympic Classes designs|
1976: Flying Dutchman
|1||West Germany (FRG)||2||0||1||3|
|2||Great Britain (GBR)||1||1||0||2|
|3||East Germany (GDR)||1||0||1||2|
|6||United States (USA)||0||2||1||3|
|7||Soviet Union (URS)||0||2||0||2|
|20||Mixed team (ZZX)||1||0||0||1|
At the Portsmouth area a new Olympic facility was constructed. This building was built to contain all facilities needed during that period. It holds for instance a large measurement hall and several exercise rooms. Only the size of the overhead doors of the measurement hall was not wide enough to bring a fully assembled Tornado in. Each had to be lifted on one side to enter diagonally.
After the races in the Tempest an unprecedented incident occurred:
Alan Warren and David Hunt set their Tempest on fire. With this boat they won the silver medal in 1972 but during the transport to Canada the boat called "Gift 'orse" was damaged. Warren and Hunt ended in Kingston on place 14. After the incident Warren stated: "The Horse was lame and we had to put her down."
The story did not end there. Canadian customs couldn't accept that the boat was not available for them to inspect.
During the Sailing regatta's at the 1972 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:
- Colombia (COL), The only female competitor Beatriz De Lisocky in the 470. (This generated a lot of discussion in the media.)
- Belgium (BEL), President International Olympic Committee, Jacques Rogge in the Finn
- Australia (AUS), John Bertrand in the Finn
- East Germany (GDR), Jochen Schumann in the Finn
- Great Britain (GBR), Rodney Pattisson Already two times Gold medalist in the Flying Dutchman
- Soviet Union (URS), Valentin Mankin Already two times Gold medalist in the Tempest
- United States (USA), Dennis Conner America's Cup legend in the Tempest
- Denmark (DEN), Poul Richard Høj Jensen multiple winner of World Championships in the Soling
- Austria (AUT), Hubert Raudaschl currently holds the record of competing Olympic Games (9) in the Soling
|Sailors at the 1976 Olympic Games|
- (ed.) Louis Chantigny (1978). Montréal 1976 Official Report,Volume I: Organization (PDF). Ottawa: COJO. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- (ed.) Louis Chantigny (1978). Montréal 1976 Official Report,Volume II: Facilities (PDF). Ottawa: COJO. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- (ed.) Louis Chantigny (1978). Montréal 1976 Official Report,Volume III: Results (PDF). Ottawa: COJO. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- Kubatko, Justin. "Sailing at the 1976 Montréal Summer Games: Sailing". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- Hugh Drake & Paul Henderson (2009). Canada's Olympic Sailing Legacy, Paris 1924 – Beijing 2008. Toronto: CYA.
- Official IYRU movie of the 1976 Olympics